10-K - MSA
Table of Contents

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2013
FORM 10-K
Commission File No. 1-15579
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE
SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934


MINE SAFETY APPLIANCES COMPANY
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Pennsylvania
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)

1000 Cranberry Woods Drive
Cranberry Township, Pennsylvania
(Address of principal executive offices)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (724) 776-8600
25-0668780
(IRS Employer Identification No.)


16066-5207
(Zip code)

(Title of each class)
Common Stock, no par value
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
(Name of each exchange on which registered)
New York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes  x    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.    Yes  ¨    No  x
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  x    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§ 229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in the definitive proxy statement incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.    x
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filer  x
Accelerated filer  ¨
Non-accelerated filer  ¨
Smaller reporting company  ¨
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).    Yes  ¨    No  ý
As of February 17, 2014, there were outstanding 37,212,881 shares of common stock, no par value, not including 282,120 shares held by the Mine Safety Appliances Company Stock Compensation Trust. The aggregate market value of voting stock held by non-affiliates as of June 30, 2013 was approximately $1.4 billion.
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Portions of the Proxy Statement for the May 6, 2014 Annual Meeting of Shareholders are incorporated by reference into Part III.



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Part II
 
 
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Forward-Looking Statements
This report may contain (and verbal statements made by Mine Safety Appliances Company (MSA) may contain) forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements relate to future events or our future financial performance and involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause our actual results, levels of activity, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements. These risks and other factors include, but are not limited to, those listed in this report under “Risk Factors,” “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” and elsewhere in this report. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by words such as “may,” “will,” “should,” “expects,” “intends,” “plans,” “anticipates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “predicts,” “potential” or other comparable words. Actual results, performance or outcomes may differ materially from those expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements. Although we believe that the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot guarantee future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements. We are under no duty to update publicly any of the forward-looking statements after the date of this report, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

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PART I
Item 1. Business
OverviewMine Safety Appliances Company was founded in Pennsylvania in 1914. We are a global leader in the development, manufacture and supply of products that protect people’s health and safety. Our safety products typically integrate a combination of electronics, mechanical systems and advanced materials to protect users against hazardous or life threatening situations. Our comprehensive line of safety products is used by workers in many industries as well as the military around the world. Notably, we primarily serve the oil and gas, fire service, mining, and construction industries. Our broad product offering includes self-contained breathing apparatus, or SCBA, gas masks, gas detection instruments, head protection, respirators, thermal imaging cameras and fall protection. We also provide a broad offering of consumer and contractor safety products through retail channels.
We dedicate significant resources to research and development, which allows us to produce innovative safety products that are often first to market and exceed industry standards. Our global product development teams include cross-geographic and cross-functional members from various areas throughout the company, including research and development, marketing, sales, operations and quality management. Our engineers and technical associates work closely with the safety industry’s leading standards-setting groups and trade associations, such as the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, or NIOSH, and the National Fire Protection Association, or NFPA, and their overseas counterparts, to develop industry product requirements and standards and to anticipate their impact on our product lines.
SegmentsWe tailor our product offerings and distribution strategy to satisfy distinct customer preferences that vary across geographic regions. To best serve these customer preferences, we have organized our business into eleven geographic operating segments that are aggregated into three reportable geographic segments: North America, Europe and International. Segment information is presented in the note entitled “Segment Information” in Item 8—Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
Because our financial statements are stated in U.S. dollars and much of our business is conducted outside the U.S., currency fluctuations may affect our results of operations and financial position and may affect the comparability of our results between financial periods.
Principal ProductsWe manufacture and sell a comprehensive line of safety products to protect workers around the world in the oil and gas, fire service, mining, construction and other industries, as well as the military. We also provide a broad offering of consumer and contractor safety products through retail channels. Our products protect people against a wide variety of hazardous or life-threatening situations.
The following is a brief description of each of our principal product categories:
Core Products. MSA's strategy includes a focus on driving profitable core product sales. Core products include breathing apparatus, industrial head protection, fixed gas and flame detection, portable gas detection and fall protection products. These products receive the highest levels of investment and resources in alignment with our commitment to grow core products sales in both emerging and developed markets.
Adjacent products. MSA provides a series of adjacent product offerings to its customers that complement its core products. These products reinforce and extend the core, drawing upon our customer relationships, distribution channels, geographical presence and technical experience. These products tend to have their roots within the core product value chain, but receive a smaller allocation of corporate resources than core products. Adjacent product sales comprise approximately one fourth of consolidated sales.
Peripheral products. MSA provides a series of peripheral product offerings to its customers. MSA's competitive advantage in serving peripheral product customers tends to be related to our channels of distribution or customer access. These products are primarily sold to the mining industry and represent a small portion of consolidated sales.
The following is a brief description of our significant product offerings included in the above product categories:
Respiratory protection. We offer a broad and comprehensive line of respiratory protection products. These products are used to protect against the harmful effects of contamination caused by dust, gases, fumes, volatile chemicals, sprays, micro-organisms, fibers and other contaminants. These products include:
Self Contained Breathing Apparatus. SCBA are used by first responders, petrochemical plant workers and anyone entering an environment deemed immediately dangerous to life and health. SCBA are also used by first responders to protect against exposure to chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear agents, which are collectively referred to as CBRN.

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Air-purifying respirators. Air-purifying respirators range from the simple filtering types to powered full-facepiece versions for many hazardous applications, including:
full-face gas masks for industrial workers and first responders exposed to known concentrations of hazardous gases, chemicals, vapors and particulates, or for escape from unknown concentrations of these hazards;
half-mask respirators for industrial workers, painters and construction workers exposed to known concentrations of gases, vapors and particulates;
powered-air purifying respirators for industrial, hazmat and remediation workers who have longer term exposures to hazards in their work environment; and
dust and pollen masks for maintenance workers, contractors and at-home consumers exposed to nuisance dusts, allergens and other particulates.
Escape respirators. Escape respirators are used by law enforcement personnel, government workers, chemical and pharmaceutical workers and anyone needing to escape from unknown concentrations of a chemical, biological or radiological release of toxic gases and vapors. Escape respirators give users respiratory protection to help them escape from threatening situations quickly and easily.
Portable and fixed gas detection instruments. Our portable and fixed gas detection instruments are used to detect the presence or absence of various gases in the air. These instruments can be either hand-held or permanently installed. Typical applications of these instruments include the detection of an oxygen deficiency in confined spaces or the presence of combustible or toxic gases. Products include:
Single- and multi-gas hand-held detectors. Our single- and multi-gas detectors provide portable solutions for detecting the presence of oxygen, combustible gases and various toxic gases, including hydrogen sulfide, carbon monoxide, ammonia and chlorine, either singularly or up to six gases at once. Our hand-held portable instruments are used by chemical workers, oil and gas workers and utility workers entering confined spaces, or anywhere a user needs to continuously monitor the quality of the atmosphere they are working in and around. Our ALTAIR® 4X and ALTAIR® 5X Multigas Detectors with XCell® sensor technology provide faster response times and unsurpassed durability in a tough, easy-to-operate package.
Multi-point permanently installed gas detection systems. Our comprehensive line of fixed gas detection systems, was greatly expanded with the acquisition of General Monitors in 2010. This line is used to monitor for combustible and toxic gases and oxygen deficiency in virtually any application where continuous monitoring is required. Our systems are used for gas detection in petrochemical, pulp and paper, wastewater, refrigerant monitoring, and general industrial applications. These systems utilize a wide array of sensing technologies including electrochemical, catalytic, infrared and ultrasonic.
Flame detectors and open-path infrared gas detectors. MSA's line of fixed flame and combustible gas detection was greatly expanded with the acquisition of General Monitors in 2010. These instruments are used for plant-wide monitoring of toxic gases for detecting the presence of flames. These systems use infrared optics to detect potentially hazardous conditions across long distances, making them suitable for use in such applications as offshore oil rigs, storage vessels, refineries, pipelines and ventilation ducts. First used in the oil and gas industry, our systems currently have broad applications in petrochemical facilities, the transportation industry and in pharmaceutical production.
Thermal imaging cameras. Our hand-held infrared thermal imaging cameras, or TICs, are used in the global fire service market. TICs detect sources of heat in order to locate downed firefighters and other people trapped inside burning or smoke-filled structures. TICs can also be used to detect the central source of the fire in order to direct hose streams in a structural fire attack, as well as to locate remaining embers during post-fire overhaul operations. Our Evolution® 6000 series TICs are unmatched for ease of use and durability and meet the stringent requirements of the National Fire Protection Association performance standard.
Head, eye, face and hearing protection. Head, eye, face and hearing protection is used in work environments where hazards present dangers such as dust, flying particles, metal fragments, chemicals, extreme glare, optical radiation and items dropped from above.
Industrial hard hats. We have a complete line of industrial head protection that includes the flagship V-Gard® helmet brand. We offer customers a wide range of color choices and we are a world leader in the application of customized logos. Our industrial head protection has a wide user base including oil, gas and petrochemical workers, steel and construction workers, miners and industrial workers.
Fire helmets. Our fire service products include leather, traditional, modern, jet-style and specialty helmets designed to satisfy the preferences of firefighters across geographic regions. We believe that our Cairns Helmet is the number one helmet in the North American fire service market. Similarly, we believe that our Gallet firefighting helmet has the number one market position in Europe.

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Ballistic helmets. These helmets provide ballistic head protection in combat and other high-risk environments and are sold in international markets outside of North America.
Eye, face and hearing protection. Our broad line of hearing protection products, non-prescription protective eyewear and face shields is used by workers in a wide variety of industries.
Fall protection. Our broad line of fall protection equipment includes confined space equipment, harnesses, fall arrest equipment, lanyards and lifelines. Fall protection equipment is used by construction, oil and gas, utilities and plant workers and anyone working at height.
CustomersOur customers generally fall into three categories: industrial and military end-users, distributors and retail consumers. In North America, nearly all of our sales are made through our distributors. In our European and International segments, sales are made through both indirect and direct sales channels. For the year ended December 31, 2013, no individual customer represented 10% of our sales.
Industrial and military end-usersExamples of the primary industrial and military end-users of our core products are listed below:
Products
Primary End-Users (in order of magnitude)
Supplied Air Respirators
First Responders; General Industry Workers; Oil, Gas, and Petrochemical Workers; Military & Police Personnel; and Miners
 
 
Portable Gas Detection
Oil, Gas and Petrochemical Workers; General Industry Workers; Miners; and First Responders
 
 
Fixed Gas & Flame Detection
Oil, Gas and Petrochemical Workers; General Industry Workers; and Miners
 
 
Industrial Head Protection
General Industry Workers; Oil, Gas, and Petrochemical Workers; Construction Workers and Contractors; and Miners
 
 
Fall Protection
General Industry Workers; Construction Workers and Contractors; Miners; and Oil, Gas, and Petrochemical Workers
Sales and DistributionOur sales and distribution team consists of distinct marketing, field sales and customer service organizations. We believe our sales and distribution team, totaling over 800 dedicated associates, is the largest in our industry. In most geographic areas, our field sales organizations work jointly with select distributors to call on end-users and educate them about hazards, exposure limits, safety requirements and product applications, as well as the specific performance attributes of our products. In our International segment and Eastern Europe where distributors are not as well established, our sales associates often work with and sell directly to end-users. We believe that understanding end-user requirements is critical to increasing MSA's market share.
The in-depth customer training and education provided by our sales associates to our customers are critical to ensuring proper use of many of our products, such as SCBA and gas detection instruments. As a result of our sales associates working closely with end-users, they gain valuable insight into customer preferences and needs. To better serve our customers and to ensure that our sales associates are among the most knowledgeable and professional in the industry, we place significant emphasis on training our sales associates in product application, industry standards and regulations.
We believe our sales and distribution strategy allows us to deliver a customer value proposition that differentiates our products and services from those of our competitors, resulting in increased customer loyalty and demand.
In areas where we use indirect selling, we promote, distribute and service our products to general industry through authorized national, regional and local distributors. Some of our key distributors include Airgas, W.W. Grainger Inc., Fastenal and Hagemeyer. In North America, we distribute fire service products primarily through specially trained local and regional distributors who provide advanced training and service capabilities to volunteer and paid municipal fire departments. In our European and International segments, we primarily sell to and service the fire service market directly. Because of our broad and diverse product line and our desire to reach as many markets and market segments as possible, we have over 4,000 authorized distributor locations worldwide.
Our Safety Works, LLC joint venture provides a broad range of safety products and gloves to the North American do-it-yourself and independent contractor market through various channels. These include distributors such as Orgill, hardware and equipment rental outlets such as United Rentals, and retail chains such as The Home Depot, TrueValue and Do-it Best.

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CompetitionWe believe the worldwide personal protection equipment market, including the sophisticated safety products market in which we compete, generates annual sales in excess of $20 billion. The industry supplying this market is broad and highly fragmented with few participants offering a comprehensive line of safety products. Over the long-term, we believe global demand for safety products will continue to grow. Purchases of these products are non-discretionary, protecting workers' health in hazardous and life-threatening work environments. Their use is often mandated by government and industry regulations, which are increasing on a global basis. Moreover, safety products industry revenues reflect the need to consistently replace many safety products that have limited life spans due to normal wear and tear or because they are one time use products by design.
The safety products market is highly competitive, with participants ranging in size from small companies focusing on a single type of personal protection equipment to a few large multinational corporations that manufacture and supply many types of sophisticated safety products. Our main competitors vary by region and product. We believe that participants in this industry compete primarily on the basis of product characteristics (such as functional performance, agency approvals, design and style), price, brand name recognition and support.
We believe we compete favorably within each of our operating segments as a result of our high quality and cost-efficient product offerings and strong brand trust and recognition.
Research and DevelopmentTo maintain our position at the forefront of safety equipment technology, we operate several sophisticated research and development facilities. We believe our dedication and commitment to innovation and research and development allows us to produce innovative safety products that are often first to market and exceed industry standards. In 2013, 2012 and 2011, on a global basis, we spent $45.9 million, $40.9 million and $39.2 million, respectively, on research and development. Our primary engineering groups are located in the United States, Germany, China and France. Our global product development teams include cross-geographic and cross-functional members from various areas throughout the company, including research and development, marketing, sales, operations and quality management. These teams are responsible for setting product line strategy based on their understanding of customers' needs and available technology, as well as the opportunities and challenges they foresee in each product area. We believe our team-based, cross-geographic and cross-functional approach to new product development is a source of competitive advantage. Our approach to the new product development process allows us to tailor our product offerings and product line strategies to satisfy distinct customer preferences and industry regulations that vary across our operating segments.
We believe another important aspect of our approach to new product development is that our engineers and technical associates work closely with the safety industry’s leading standards-setting groups and trade associations. These organizations include the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, or NIOSH, and the National Fire Protection Association, or NFPA, and their overseas counterparts. We work with these organizations to develop industry product requirements and standards and anticipate their impact on our product lines. Key members of our management team understand the impact that these standard-setting organizations have on our new product development pipeline. As such, management devotes significant time and attention to anticipating a new standard’s impact on our sales and operating results. Because of our understanding of customer needs, membership on global standard-setting bodies, investment in research and development and our unique new product development process, we believe we are well-positioned to anticipate and adapt to the needs of changing product standards. We also believe that we are well positioned to gain the approvals and certifications necessary to meet new government and multinational product regulations.
Patents and Intellectual PropertyWe own significant intellectual property, including a number of domestic and foreign patents, patent applications and trademarks related to our products, processes and business. Although our intellectual property plays an important role in maintaining our competitive position in a number of markets that we serve, no single patent, or patent application, trademark or license is, in our opinion, of such value to us that our business would be materially affected by the expiration or termination thereof, other than the “MSA” trademark. Our patents expire at various times in the future not exceeding 20 years. Our general policy is to apply for patents on an ongoing basis in the United States and other countries, as appropriate, to perfect our patent development. In addition to our patents, we have also developed or acquired a substantial body of manufacturing know-how that we believe provides a significant competitive advantage over our competitors'.
Raw Materials and SuppliersMany of the components of our products are formulated, machined, tooled or molded in-house from raw materials. For example, we rely on integrated manufacturing capabilities for breathing apparatus, gas masks, ballistic helmets, hard hats and circuit boards. The primary raw materials that we source from third parties include rubber, chemical filter media, eye and face protective lenses, air cylinders, certain metals, electronic components and ballistic resistant and non-ballistic fabrics. We purchase these materials both domestically and internationally, and we believe our supply sources are both well established and reliable. We have close vendor relationship programs with the majority of our key raw material suppliers. Although we generally do not have long-term supply contracts, thus far we have not experienced any significant problems in obtaining adequate raw materials.

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AssociatesAt December 31, 2013, we had approximately 5,000 associates, approximately 2,900 of whom were employed by our European and International segments. None of our U.S. associates are subject to the provisions of a collective bargaining agreement. Some of our associates outside the United States are members of unions. We have not experienced a significant work stoppage in over 10 years and believe our relations with our associates are strong.
Available InformationOur internet address is www.MSAsafety.com. We post the following filings on the Investor Relations page on our website as soon as reasonably practicable after they have been electronically filed with or furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission: our annual reports on Form 10-K, our quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, our current reports on Form 8-K and any amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as well as our proxy statement. Information contained on our website is not part of this annual report on Form 10-K or our other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. The SEC maintains an Internet site at www.sec.gov that contains reports, proxy and information statements and other information regarding issuers like us who file electronically with the SEC.
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Unfavorable economic and market conditions could materially and adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.
We are subject to risks arising from adverse changes in global economic conditions. Although economic conditions generally improved in 2013, the global economy remains unstable and we expect economic conditions will continue to be challenging for the foreseeable future. Adverse changes in economic conditions could result in declines in revenue, profitability and cash flow due to reduced orders, payment delays, supply chain disruptions or other factors caused by the economic challenges faced by our customers and suppliers.
Over the past several years our sales have been positively impacted by the General Monitors acquisition and our organic growth within MSA's line of core products. The increase in sales, primarily to the oil, gas and petrochemical market, exposes MSA to the risks of doing business in that global market. It is possible that the volatility in this market, driven partly by geopolitical factors, could negatively impact our business and our results of operations and financial condition.
A reduction in the spending patterns of government agencies or delays in obtaining government approval for our products could materially and adversely affect our net sales, earnings and cash flow.
The demand for our products sold to the fire service market, the homeland security market and other government agencies is, in large part, driven by available government funding. Government budgets are set annually and we cannot assure you that government funding will be sustained at the same level in the future. A significant reduction in available government funding could materially and adversely affect our net sales, earnings and cash flow.
Our ability to market and sell our products is subject to existing government regulations and standards. Changes in such regulations and standards or our failure to comply with them could materially and adversely affect our results of operations.
Most of our products are required to meet performance and test standards designed to protect the health and safety of people around the world. Our inability to comply with these standards may materially and adversely affect our results of operations. Changes in regulations could reduce the demand for our products or require us to re-engineer our products, thereby creating opportunities for our competitors. Regulatory approvals for our products may be delayed or denied for a variety of reasons that are outside of our control. Additionally, market anticipation of significant new standards can cause customers to accelerate or delay buying decisions.
Our SCBA in North America must be approved by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, or NIOSH. NIOSH has informed respirator manufacturers that CBRN Respirator Approval Testing, which was conducted from July 2012 to October 2013, is invalid due to the concentrations of agents used in testing being lower than the level required by NIOSH test procedures. NIOSH has informed MSA that the Company does not have any respiratory protective equipment in use which requires retesting. CBRN testing will restart in January 2014 and priority will be given to retest previously tested units. This retesting will further delay product approvals and will likely delay the launch of MSA's M7XT until second quarter 2014. In addition, the backlog of re-testing which resulted from this issue may negatively impact the approval timing of MSA's entirely new global platform SCBA product, the G1. This new product was to be submitted for CBRN testing in the first quarter of 2014. The issues noted above will now delay the launch of this new product until at least the second quarter of 2014. It is possible that the delays associated with this product launch could negatively impact our business and our results of operations and financial condition.

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We are subject to various federal, state and local laws and any violation of these laws could adversely affect our results of operations.
We are subject to extensive regulation from federal, state, local and international governments. Failure to comply with these regulations could result in severe civil or criminal penalties, sanctions or significant changes to our operations. These actions could have a materially adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.
We are subject to various environmental laws and any violation of these laws could adversely affect our results of operations.
Included in the extensive federal, state and local laws, regulations and ordinances, to which we are subject, are those relating to the protection of the environment. Examples include those governing discharges to air and water, handling and disposal practices for solid and hazardous wastes and the maintenance of a safe workplace. These laws impose penalties for noncompliance and liability for response costs and certain damages resulting from past and current spills, disposals, or other releases of hazardous materials. We could incur substantial costs as a result of noncompliance with or liability for cleanup pursuant to these environmental laws. Environmental laws have changed rapidly in recent years, and we may be subject to more stringent environmental laws in the future. If more stringent environmental laws are enacted, these future laws could have a materially adverse effect on our results of operations.
The markets in which we compete are highly competitive, and some of our competitors have greater financial and other resources than we do. The competitive pressures faced by us could materially and adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.
The safety products market is highly competitive, with participants ranging in size from small companies focusing on single types of safety products, to large multinational corporations that manufacture and supply many types of safety products. Our main competitors vary by region and product. We believe that participants in this industry compete primarily on the basis of product characteristics (such as functional performance, agency approvals, design and style), price, name trust and recognition and customer service. Some of our competitors have greater financial and other resources than we do and our business could be adversely affected by competitors’ new product innovations, technological advances made to competing products and pricing changes made by us in response to competition from existing or new competitors. We may not be able to compete successfully against current and future competitors and the competitive pressures faced by us could materially and adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.
If we fail to introduce successful new products or extend our existing product lines, we may lose our market position and our financial performance may be materially and adversely affected.
In the safety products market, there are frequent introductions of new products and product line extensions. If we are unable to identify emerging consumer and technological trends, maintain and improve the competitiveness of our products and introduce new products, we may lose our market position, which could have a materially adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. We continue to invest significant resources in research and development and market research. However, continued product development and marketing efforts are subject to the risks inherent in the development process. These risks include delays, the failure of new products and product line extensions to achieve anticipated levels of market acceptance and the risk of failed product introductions.
Product liability claims and our inability to collect related insurance receivables could have a materially adverse effect on our business, operating results and financial condition.
We face an inherent business risk of exposure to product liability claims arising from the alleged failure of our products to prevent the types of personal injury or death against which they are designed to protect. Although we have not experienced any material uninsured losses due to product liability claims, it is possible that we could experience material losses in the future. In the event any of our products prove to be defective, we could be required to recall or redesign such products. In addition, we may voluntarily recall or redesign certain products that could potentially be harmful to end users. A successful claim brought against us in excess of available insurance coverage, or any claim or product recall that results in significant expense or adverse publicity against us, could have a materially adverse effect on our business, operating results and financial condition.
In the normal course of business, we make payments to settle product liability claims and for related legal fees and we record receivables for the amounts covered by insurance. Our insurance receivables totaled $124.8 million at December 31, 2013. Various factors could affect the timing and amount of recovery of insurance receivables, including: the outcome of negotiations with insurers, legal proceedings with respect to product liability insurance coverage and the extent to which insurers may become insolvent in the future. Amounts due from insurance carriers are subject to insolvency risk. Failure to recover amounts due from our insurance carriers could have a materially adverse effect on our business, operating results and financial condition.

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Damage to the reputation of MSA or to one or more of our product brands could adversely affect our business.
Developing and maintaining our reputation, as well as the reputation of our brands, is a critical factor in our relationship with customers, distributors and others. Our inability to address adverse publicity or other issues, including concerns about product safety or quality, real or perceived, could negatively impact our business which could have a materially adverse effect on our business, operating results and financial condition.
A failure of our information systems could materially and adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.
The proper functioning and security of our information systems is critical to the operation of our business. Our information systems may be vulnerable to damage or disruption from natural or man-made disasters, computer viruses, power losses or other system or network failures. In addition, hackers and cybercriminals could attempt to gain unauthorized access to our information systems with the intent of harming our company or obtaining sensitive information such as intellectual property, trade secrets, financial and business development information, and customer and vendor related information. If our information systems or security fail, our business, results of operations and financial condition could be materially and adversely affected.
Like many companies, from time to time, we have experienced attacks on our computer systems by unauthorized outside parties; however, we do not believe that such attacks have resulted in any material damage to us or our customers. Because the techniques used by computer hackers and others to access or sabotage networks constantly evolve and generally are not recognized until launched against a target, we may be unable to anticipate, prevent or detect these attacks. As a result, our technologies and processes may be misappropriated and the impact of any future incident cannot be predicted. Any loss of such information could harm our competitive position, or cause us to incur significant costs to remedy the damages caused by the incident. We routinely implement improvements to our network security safeguards and we expect to devote increasing resources to the security of our information technology systems. We cannot assure that such system improvements will be sufficient to prevent or limit the damage from any future cyber-attack or network disruptions.
The Company's plans to continue to improve productivity and reduce complexity and costs associated with its European Segment may not be successful, which could adversely affect its ability to compete.
The Company is currently engaged in an extensive European Transformation Project. Under the organization of a Principal Operating Company, this program will integrate our historically individually managed entities, into one that is a centrally managed organization. We plan to leverage the benefits of scale created from this approach and are in the process of implementing a more efficient and cost-effective enterprise resource planning system. The Company runs the risk that these and similar initiatives may not be completed substantially as planned, may be more costly to implement than expected, or may not have the positive effects anticipated. In addition, these various initiatives require the Company to implement a significant amount of organizational change which could divert management’s attention from other concerns, and if not properly managed, could cause disruptions in the Company’s day-to-day operations and have a negative impact on the Company’s financial results. It is also possible that other major productivity and streamlining programs may be required in the future.
We have significant international operations and are subject to the risks of doing business in foreign countries.
We have business operations in over 40 foreign countries. In 2013, approximately half of our net sales were made by operations located outside the United States. Our international operations are subject to various political, economic and other risks and uncertainties, which could adversely affect our business. These risks include the following:
unexpected changes in regulatory requirements;
changes in trade policy or tariff regulations;
changes in tax laws and regulations;
changes to the company's legal structure could have unintended tax consequences;
intellectual property protection difficulties;
difficulty in collecting accounts receivable;
complications in complying with a variety of foreign laws and regulations, some of which may conflict with U.S. laws;
trade protection measures and price controls;
trade sanctions and embargoes;

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nationalization and expropriation;
increased international instability or potential instability of foreign governments;
effectiveness of worldwide compliance with MSA's anti-bribery policy, local laws and the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act
the need to take extra security precautions for our international operations; and
costs and difficulties in managing culturally and geographically diverse international operations.
Any one or more of these risks could have a negative impact on the success of our international operations and, thereby, materially and adversely affect our business as a whole.
Our future results are subject to availability of, and fluctuations in the costs of, purchased components and materials due to market demand, currency exchange risks, material shortages and other factors.
We depend on various components and materials to manufacture our products. Although we have not experienced any difficulty in obtaining components and materials, it is possible that any of our supplier relationships could be terminated. Any sustained interruption in our receipt of adequate supplies could have a materially adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition. We cannot assure you that we will be able to successfully manage price fluctuations due to market demand, currency risks or material shortages, or that future price fluctuations will not have a materially adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.
Because we derive a significant portion of our sales from the operations of our foreign subsidiaries, future currency exchange rate fluctuations may adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition, and may affect the comparability of our results between financial periods.
For the year ended December 31, 2013, the operations in our European and International segments accounted for approximately half of our net sales. The results of our foreign operations are reported in the local currency and then translated into U.S. dollars at the applicable exchange rates for inclusion in our consolidated financial statements. The exchange rates between some of these currencies and the U.S. dollar have fluctuated significantly in recent years, and may continue to do so in the future. In addition, because our financial statements are stated in U.S. dollars, such fluctuations may affect our results of operations and financial position, and may affect the comparability of our results between financial periods. We cannot assure you that we will be able to effectively manage our exchange rate risks or that any volatility in currency exchange rates will not have a materially adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition.
If we lose any of our key personnel or are unable to attract, train and retain qualified personnel, our ability to manage our business and continue our growth would be negatively impacted.
Our success depends in large part on the continued contributions of our key management, engineering and sales and marketing personnel, many of whom are highly skilled and would be difficult to replace. Our success also depends on the abilities of new personnel to function effectively, both individually and as a group. If we are unable to attract, effectively integrate and retain management, engineering or sales and marketing personnel, then the execution of our growth strategy and our ability to react to changing market requirements may be impeded, and our business could suffer as a result. Competition for personnel is intense, and we cannot assure you that we will be successful in attracting and retaining qualified personnel. In addition, we do not currently maintain key person life insurance.
Our inability to successfully identify, consummate and integrate future acquisitions or to realize anticipated cost savings and other benefits could adversely affect our business.
One of our operating strategies is to selectively pursue acquisitions. Any future acquisitions will depend on our ability to identify suitable acquisition candidates and successfully consummate such acquisitions. Acquisitions involve a number of risks including:
failure of the acquired businesses to achieve the results we expect;
diversion of our management’s attention from operational matters;
our inability to retain key personnel of the acquired businesses;
risks associated with unanticipated events or liabilities;
potential disruption of our existing business; and
customer dissatisfaction or performance problems at the acquired businesses.

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If we are unable to integrate or successfully manage businesses that we have recently acquired or may acquire in the future, we may not realize anticipated cost savings, improved manufacturing efficiencies and increased revenue, which may result in materially adverse short- and long-term effects on our operating results, financial condition and liquidity. Even if we are able to integrate the operations of our acquired businesses into our operations, we may not realize the full benefits of the cost savings, revenue enhancements or other benefits that we may have expected at the time of acquisition. In addition, even if we achieve the expected benefits, we may not be able to achieve them within the anticipated time frame, and such benefits may be offset by costs incurred in integrating the acquired companies and increases in other expenses.
Our continued success depends on our ability to protect our intellectual property. If we are unable to protect our intellectual property, our business could be materially and adversely affected.
Our success depends, in part, on our ability to obtain and enforce patents, maintain trade secret protection and operate without infringing on the proprietary rights of third parties. We have been issued patents and have registered trademarks with respect to many of our products, but our competitors could independently develop similar or superior products or technologies, duplicate any of our designs, trademarks, processes or other intellectual property or design around any processes or designs on which we have or may obtain patents or trademark protection. In addition, it is possible that third parties may have, or will acquire, licenses for patents or trademarks that we may use or desire to use, so that we may need to acquire licenses to, or to contest the validity of, such patents or trademarks of third parties. Such licenses may not be made available to us on acceptable terms, if at all, and we may not prevail in contesting the validity of third party rights.
We also protect trade secrets, know-how and other confidential information against unauthorized use by others or disclosure by persons who have access to them, such as our employees, through contractual arrangements. These agreements may not provide meaningful protection for our trade secrets, know-how or other proprietary information in the event of any unauthorized use, misappropriation or disclosure of such trade secrets, know-how or other proprietary information. If we are unable to maintain the proprietary nature of our technologies, our results of operations and financial condition could be materially and adversely affected.
If we fail to meet our debt service requirements or the restrictive covenants in our debt agreements or if interest rates increase, our results of operations and financial condition could be materially and adversely affected.
We have a substantial amount of debt upon which we are required to make scheduled interest and principal payments and we may incur additional debt in the future. A significant portion of our debt bears interest at variable rates that may increase in the future. Our debt agreements require us to comply with certain restrictive covenants. If we are unable to generate sufficient cash to service our debt or if interest rates increase, our results of operations and financial condition could be materially and adversely affected. Additionally, a failure to comply with the restrictive covenants contained in our debt agreements could result in a default, which if not waived by our lenders, could substantially increase borrowing costs and require accelerated repayment of our debt. Please refer to Note 11 of the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II Item 8 of this Form 10-K for commentary on our compliance with the restrictive covenants in our debt agreements as of December 31, 2013.
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments
None.

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Item 2. Properties
Our principal executive offices are located at 1000 Cranberry Woods Drive, Cranberry Township, PA 16066 in a 212,000 square-foot building owned by us. We own or lease our primary facilities in the United States and in a number of other countries. We believe that all of our facilities, including the manufacturing facilities, are in good repair and in suitable condition for the purposes for which they are used.
The following table sets forth a list of our primary facilities:
Location
Function
Square Feet
 
Owned
or Leased
North America
 
 
 
 
Murrysville, PA
Manufacturing
295,000

 
Owned
Cranberry Twp., PA
Office, Research and Development and Manufacturing
212,000

 
Owned
New Galilee, PA
Distribution
120,000

 
Leased
Jacksonville, NC
Manufacturing
107,000

 
Owned
Queretaro, Mexico
Office, Manufacturing and Distribution
77,000

 
Leased
Cranberry Twp., PA
Research and Development
68,000

 
Owned
Lake Forest, CA
Office, Research and Development and Manufacturing
62,000

 
Leased
Corona, CA
Manufacturing
19,000

 
Leased
Torreon, Mexico
Office
15,000

 
Leased
Lake Forest, CA
Office
6,000

 
Owned
Europe
 
 
 
 
Berlin, Germany
Office, Research and Development, Manufacturing and Distribution
340,000

 
Leased
Chatillon sur Chalaronne,  France
Office, Research and Development, Manufacturing and Distribution
94,000

 
Owned
Milan, Italy
Office
43,000

 
Owned
Glasgow, Scotland
Office
25,000

 
Leased
Mohammedia, Morocco
Manufacturing
24,000

 
Owned
Barcelona, Spain
Office
23,000

 
Owned
Galway, Ireland
Office and Manufacturing
20,000

 
Owned
Varnamo, Sweden
Office, Manufacturing and Distribution
18,000

 
Leased
Hoorn, Netherlands
Office and Distribution
12,000

 
Owned
International
 
 
 
 
Suzhou, China
Office, Research and Development, Manufacturing and Distribution
193,000

 
Owned
Sydney, Australia
Office, Manufacturing and Distribution
84,000

 
Owned
Johannesburg, South Africa
Office, Manufacturing and Distribution
74,000

 
Leased
Sao Paulo, Brazil
Office, Manufacturing and Distribution
74,000

 
Owned
Lima, Peru
Office and Distribution
34,000

 
Owned
Santiago, Chile
Office and Distribution
32,000

 
Leased
Rajarhat, India
Office and Distribution
10,000

 
Leased
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Office and Distribution
9,000

 
Owned

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Item 3. Legal Proceedings
We categorize the product liability losses that we experience into two main categories; single incident and cumulative trauma. Single incident product liability claims are discrete incidents that are typically known to us when they occur and involve observable injuries and, therefore, more quantifiable damages. Therefore, we maintain a reserve for single incident product liability claims based on expected settlement costs for pending claims and an estimate of costs for unreported claims derived from experience, sales volumes and other relevant information. Our reserve for single incident product liability claims at December 31, 2013 and 2012 was $4.0 million and $4.4 million, respectively. Single incident product liability expense was negligible during year ended December 31, 2013. During the years ended December 31, 2012 and 2011, single incident product liability expense was $0.7 million and $1.5 million, respectively. We evaluate our single incident product liability exposures on an ongoing basis and make adjustments to the reserve as new information becomes available.
Cumulative trauma product liability claims involve exposures to harmful substances (e.g., silica, asbestos and coal dust) that occurred many years ago and may have developed over long periods of time into diseases such as silicosis, asbestosis or coal worker’s pneumoconiosis. We are presently named as a defendant in 2,840 lawsuits in which plaintiffs allege to have contracted certain cumulative trauma diseases related to exposure to silica, asbestos, and/or coal dust. These lawsuits mainly involve respiratory protection products allegedly manufactured and sold by us. We are unable to estimate total damages sought in these lawsuits as they generally do not specify the injuries alleged or the amount of damages sought, and potentially involve multiple defendants.
Cumulative trauma product liability litigation is difficult to predict. In our experience, until late in a lawsuit, we cannot reasonably determine whether it is probable that any given cumulative trauma lawsuit will ultimately result in a liability. This uncertainty is caused by many factors, including the following: cumulative trauma complaints generally do not provide information sufficient to determine if a loss is probable; cumulative trauma litigation is inherently unpredictable and information is often insufficient to determine if a lawsuit will develop into an actively litigated case; and even when a case is actively litigated, it is often difficult to determine if the lawsuit will be dismissed or otherwise resolved until late in the lawsuit. Moreover, even once it is probable that such a lawsuit will result in a loss, it is difficult to reasonably estimate the amount of actual loss that will be incurred. These amounts are highly variable and turn on a case-by-case analysis of the relevant facts, which are often not learned until late in the lawsuit.
Because of these factors, we cannot reliably determine our potential liability for such claims until late in the lawsuit. Therefore, we do not record cumulative trauma product liability losses when a lawsuit is filed, but rather, when we learn sufficient information to determine that it is probable that we will incur a loss and the amount of loss can be reasonably estimated. We record expenses for defense costs associated with open cumulative trauma product liability lawsuits as incurred.
We cannot estimate any amount or range of possible losses related to resolving pending and future cumulative trauma product liability lawsuits that we may face because of the factors described above. As new information about cumulative trauma product liability cases and future developments becomes available, we reassess our potential exposures.
A summary of cumulative trauma product liability lawsuit activity follows:
 
2013
 
2012
 
2011
Open lawsuits, January 1
2,609

 
2,321

 
1,900

New lawsuits
489

 
750

 
479

Settled and dismissed lawsuits
(258
)
 
(462
)
 
(58
)
Open lawsuits, December 31
2,840

 
2,609

 
2,321

Nearly half of the open lawsuits at December 31, 2013 have had a de minimus level of activity over the last five years. It is possible that these cases could become active again at any point due to changes in circumstances.
With some common contract exclusions, we maintain insurance for cumulative trauma product liability claims. We have purchased insurance policies for the policy years from 1952-1986 from over 20 different insurance carriers that provide coverage for cumulative trauma product liability losses and, in many instances, related defense costs. In the normal course of business, we make payments to settle product liability lawsuits and for related defense costs. We record receivables for the amounts that are covered by insurance. The available limits of these policies are many times our recorded insurance receivable balance.
Various factors could affect the timing and amount of recovery of our insurance receivables, including the outcome of negotiations with insurers, legal proceedings with respect to product liability insurance coverage and the extent to which insurers may become insolvent in the future.

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Table of Contents

Our insurance receivables at December 31, 2013 and 2012 totaled $124.8 million and $130.0 million, respectively, all of which is reported in other non-current assets.
A summary of insurance receivable balances and activity related to cumulative trauma product liability losses follows:
(In millions)
2013
 
2012
 
2011
Balance January 1
$
130.0

 
$
112.1

 
$
89.0

Additions
34.0

 
29.7

 
35.6

Collections and settlements
(39.2
)
 
(11.8
)
 
(12.5
)
Balance December 31
124.8

 
130.0

 
112.1

Additions to insurance receivables in the above table represent insured cumulative trauma product liability losses and related defense costs. Uninsured cumulative trauma product liability losses during the years ended December 31, 2013, 2012, and 2011 were $1.7 million, $2.1 million and $1.1 million, respectively. Collections primarily represent agreements with insurance companies to pay amounts due that are applicable to cumulative trauma claims. In cases where the payment stream covers multiple years, the present value of the payments is recorded as a note receivable (current and long term) in the balance sheet within prepaid expenses and other current assets and other noncurrent assets.
Our aggregate cumulative trauma product liability losses and administrative and defense costs for the three years ended December 31, 2013, totaled approximately $104.2 million, substantially all of which was insured.
We believe that the increase in the insurance receivable balance that we have experienced since 2005 is primarily due to disagreements among our insurance carriers, and consequently with us, as to when their individual obligations to pay us are triggered and the amount of each insurer’s obligation, as compared to other insurers. We believe that our insurers do not contest that they have issued policies to us or that these policies cover certain cumulative trauma product liability claims. We believe that our ability to successfully resolve our insurance litigation with various insurance carriers in recent years demonstrates that we have strong legal positions concerning our rights to coverage.
We regularly evaluate the collectability of our insurance receivables and record the amounts that we conclude are probable of collection. Our conclusions are based on our analysis of the terms of the underlying insurance policies, our experience in successfully recovering cumulative trauma product liability claims from our insurers under other policies, the financial ability of our insurance carriers to pay the claims, our understanding and interpretation of the relevant facts and applicable law and the advice of legal counsel, who believe that our insurers are required to provide coverage based on the terms of the policies.
Although the outcome of cumulative trauma product liability matters cannot be predicted with certainty and unfavorable resolutions could materially affect our results of operations, based on information currently available and the amounts of insurance coverage available to us, we believe that the disposition of cumulative trauma product liability lawsuits that are pending against us will not have a materially adverse effect on our future results of operations, financial condition, or liquidity.
We are currently involved in insurance coverage litigations with a number of our insurance carriers.
In 2009, we sued The North River Insurance Company (North River) in the United States District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania, alleging that North River breached one of its insurance policies by failing to pay amounts owed to us and that it engaged in bad-faith claims handling. We believe that North River’s refusal to indemnify us under the policy for product liability losses and legal fees paid by us is wholly contrary to Pennsylvania law and we are vigorously pursuing the legal actions necessary to collect all due amounts. Motions for summary judgment on certain issues will be submitted to the court at the earliest possible date. A trial date has not yet been scheduled.
In 2010, North River sued us in the Court of Common Pleas of Allegheny County, Pennsylvania seeking a declaratory judgment concerning their responsibilities under three additional policies. We assert claims against North River for breaches of contract for failures to pay amounts owed to us. We also allege that North River engaged in bad-faith claims handling. We believe that North River’s refusal to indemnify us under these policies for product liability losses and legal fees paid by us is wholly contrary to Pennsylvania law and we are vigorously pursuing the legal actions necessary to collect all due amounts. Summary judgment on certain issues is pending with the court. A trial date has not yet been scheduled.
In July 2010, we filed a lawsuit in the Superior Court of the State of Delaware seeking declaratory and other relief from the majority of our excess insurance carriers concerning the future rights and obligations of MSA and our excess insurance carriers under various insurance policies. The reason for this insurance coverage action is to secure a comprehensive resolution of our rights under the insurance policies issued by our insurers. The case is currently in discovery. We have resolved our claims against certain of our insurance carriers on some of their policies through negotiated settlements. When settlement is reached, we dismiss the settling carrier from this action in Delaware.

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Table of Contents

During September 2013, we resolved coverage litigation with Associated International Insurance Company, through a negotiated settlement. As part of this settlement, we dismissed all claims against Associated International Insurance Company in the above-referenced coverage litigation in the Superior Court of the State of Delaware. The settlement did not have an impact on our operating results.
During December 2013, we resolved coverage litigation with Allstate Insurance Company, through a negotiated settlement. As part of this settlement, both parties dismissed all claims against one another under the above-referenced coverage litigations in the Court of Common Pleas of Allegheny County, Pennsylvania and the Superior Court of the State of Delaware. The settlement did not have an impact on our operating results.
During December 2013, we resolved coverage litigation with Columbia Casualty Company, through a negotiated settlement. As part of this settlement, we dismissed all claims against Columbia Casualty Company in the above-referenced coverage litigation in the Superior Court of the State of Delaware. The settlement did not have an impact on our operating results.
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Not applicable.
Executive Officers of the Registrant
The following sets forth the names and ages of our executive officers as of February 24, 2014, indicating all positions held during the past five years:
Name
 
Age

 
Title
William M. Lambert
 
55

 
President and Chief Executive Officer since May 2008.
Joseph A. Bigler(a)
 
64

 
Vice President and Chief Customer Officer since August 2013.
Steven C. Blanco(b) 
 
47

 
Vice President, Global Operational Excellence since April 2012.
Kerry M. Bove(c) 
 
55

 
Vice President and President, MSA International, Asia-Pacific Zone and Africa/Latin America Zone since November 2011.
Ronald N. Herring, Jr.(d) 
 
53

 
Vice President and President, MSA International, Western Europe Zone and Middle Eurasia Zone since November 2011.
Douglas K. McClaine
 
56

 
Vice President, Secretary and General Counsel since May 2005.
Stacy McMahan(e) 
 
50

 
Senior Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer since August 2013.
Thomas Muschter(f)
 
53

 
Vice President, Global Product Leadership since November 2011.
Paul R. Uhler
 
55

 
Vice President, Global Human Resources since May 2007.
Nishan Vartanian(g)
 
54

 
Vice President and President, MSA North America since August 2013.
Markus H. Weber(h)
 
49

 
Vice President and Chief Information Officer since April 2010.
 
(a)
Prior to his present position, Mr. Bigler served as Vice President and President, MSA North America.
(b)
Prior to joining MSA, Mr. Blanco served as Vice President of Manufacturing for the Electrical Sector of Eaton Corporation, a diversified power management company.
(c)
Prior to his present position, Mr. Bove was Vice President, Global Operational Excellence.
(d)
Prior to his present position, Mr. Herring was Vice President, Global Product Leadership.
(e)
Prior to her current position, Ms. McMahan served as Senior Vice President of Finance, MSA. Prior to joining MSA, Ms. McMahan served as Customer Channels Group Vice President, Finance, for Thermo Fisher Scientific, Inc., a global provider of laboratory equipment and supplies.
(f)
Prior to his present position, Dr. Muschter held the positions of Director, Research & Development, International; and Director, Research & Development, Europe.
(g)
Prior to his present position, Mr. Vartanian was Vice President, Fixed Gas and Flame Detection.
(h)
Prior to joining MSA, Mr. Weber served as Chief Information Officer of Berlin-Chemie AG, an international research-based pharmaceutical company.


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Table of Contents

PART II
Item 5.    Market for the Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
Our common stock is traded on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol “MSA.” Stock price ranges and dividends declared were as follows:
 
Price Range of Our
Common Stock
Dividends
 
High
 
Low
Year ended December 31, 2012
 
 
 
 
First Quarter
$
42.47

 
$
32.65

$
0.26

Second Quarter
44.34

 
37.38

0.28

Third Quarter
40.81

 
32.93

0.28

Fourth Quarter
42.87

 
35.37

0.56

Year ended December 31, 2013
 
 
 
 
First Quarter
$
51.07

 
$
43.04

$
0.28

Second Quarter
51.12

 
43.97

0.30

Third Quarter
55.38

 
46.60

0.30

Fourth Quarter
54.84

 
46.54

0.30

On February 17, 2014, there were 502 registered holders of our shares of common stock.
Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
Period
Total
Number of
Shares
Purchased
 
Average
Price Paid
Per Share
 
Total Number
of Shares
Purchased as
Part of
Publicly
Announced
Plans or
Programs
 
Maximum
Number of
Shares that
May Yet Be
Purchased
Under the
Plans or
Programs
October 1 — October 31, 2013
2,475

 
$
48.91

 

 
1,011,217

November 1 — November 30, 2013
6,934

 
44.91

 

 
977,523

December 1 — December 31, 2013
2,370

 
42.37

 

 
950,990

In November 2005, the Board of Directors authorized the purchase of up to $100 million of MSA common stock either through private transactions or open market transactions. The share purchase program has no expiration date. The maximum shares that may yet be purchased is calculated based on the dollars remaining under the program and the respective month-end closing share price. We do not have any other share purchase programs. The above share purchases are related to stock compensation transactions.

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Table of Contents

Comparison of Five-Year Cumulative Total Return
The following paragraph compares the most recent five year performance of MSA stock with (1) the Standard & Poor’s 500 Composite Index and (2) the Russell 2000 Index. Because our competitors are principally privately held concerns or subsidiaries or divisions of corporations engaged in multiple lines of business, we do not believe it feasible to construct a peer group comparison on an industry or line-of-business basis. The Russell 2000 Index, while including corporations both larger and smaller than MSA in terms of market capitalization, is composed of corporations with an average market capitalization similar to us.

COMPARISON OF 5 YEAR CUMULATIVE TOTAL RETURN*
Among Mine Safety Appliance Company, the S&P 500 Index,
and the Russell 2000 Index
* $100 invested on 12/31/08 in stock or index, including reinvestment of dividends. Fiscal year ending December 31.
 
Value at December 31,
 
2008
 
2009
 
2010
 
2011
 
2012
 
2013
Mine Safety Appliances Co
$
100.00

 
$
115.55

 
$
140.90

 
$
154.61

 
$
206.83

 
$
254.02

S&P 500 Index
100.00

 
126.46

 
145.51

 
148.59

 
172.37

 
228.19

Russell 2000 Index
100.00

 
127.09

 
161.17

 
154.44

 
179.75

 
249.53

Prepared by Zacks Investment Research, Inc. Used with permission. All rights reserved. Copyright 1980-2014.
Index Data: Copyright Standard and Poor’s, Inc. Used with permission. All rights reserved.
Index Data: Copyright Russell Investments, Inc. Used with permission. All rights reserved.

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Item 6. Selected Financial Data
(In thousands, except as noted)
2013
 
2012
 
2011
 
2010
 
2009
Statement of Income Data:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net sales
$
1,112,058

 
$
1,110,443

 
$
1,112,814

 
$
922,552

 
$
865,718

Income from continuing operations
85,858

 
87,557

 
67,518

 
35,886

 
42,072

Income from discontinued operations
2,389

 
3,080

 
2,334

 
2,218

 
1,223

Net income attributable to Mine Safety Appliances Company
88,247

 
90,637

 
69,852

 
38,104

 
43,295

Earnings per share attributable to MSA common shareholders:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic per common share (in dollars):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income from continuing operations
$
2.31

 
$
2.37

 
$
1.85

 
$
1.00

 
$
1.18

Income from discontinued operations
0.06

 
0.08

 
0.06

 
0.06

 
0.03

Net income
2.37

 
2.45

 
1.91

 
1.06

 
1.21

Diluted per common share (in dollars):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income from continuing operations
$
2.28

 
$
2.34

 
$
1.81

 
$
0.99

 
$
1.18

Income from discontinued operations
0.06

 
0.08

 
0.06

 
0.06

 
0.03

Net income
2.34

 
2.42

 
1.87

 
1.05

 
1.21

Dividends paid per common share (in dollars)
1.18

 
1.38

 
1.03

 
0.99

 
0.96

Weighted average common shares outstanding—basic
36,868

 
36,564

 
36,221

 
35,880

 
35,668

Weighted average common shares outstanding—diluted
37,450

 
37,042

 
36,831

 
36,422

 
35,879

Balance Sheet Data:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total assets
$
1,234,270

 
$
1,111,746

 
$
1,115,052

 
$
1,197,188

 
$
875,228

Long-term debt
260,667

 
272,333

 
334,046

 
367,094

 
82,114

Shareholders’ Equity
566,452

 
462,955

 
433,666

 
451,368

 
436,616

The data presented in the Selected Financial Data table should be read in conjunction with comments provided in Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations in Part II Item 7 and the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II Item 8 of this Form 10-K.
Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
The following discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with the historical financial statements and other financial information included elsewhere in this annual report on Form 10-K. This discussion may contain forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. The forward-looking statements are not historical facts, but rather are based on current expectations, estimates, assumptions and projections about our industry, business and future financial results. Our actual results could differ materially from the results contemplated by these forward-looking statements due to a number of factors, including those discussed in the sections of this annual report entitled “Forward-Looking Statements” and “Risk Factors.”
MSA's South African personal protective equipment distribution business and MSA's Zambian operations had historically been part of the International reportable segment. In accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, these results are excluded from continuing operations and are presented as discontinued operations in all periods presented. Please refer to Note 19 Assets Held for Sale and Discontinued Operations, which is included in Part II Item 8 of this form 10-K for further commentary on these discontinued operations.

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Table of Contents

BUSINESS OVERVIEW
We are a global leader in the development, manufacture and supply of products that protect people’s health and safety. Our safety products typically integrate any combination of electronics, mechanical systems and advanced materials to protect users against hazardous or life threatening situations. Our comprehensive lines of safety products are used by workers around the world in the oil and gas, fire service, mining, construction and other industries, as well as the military. We are committed to providing our customers with service unmatched in the safety industry and, in the process, enhancing our ability to provide a growing line of safety solutions for customers in key global markets.
We tailor our product offerings and distribution strategy to satisfy distinct customer preferences that vary across geographic regions. To best serve these customer preferences, we have organized our business into eleven geographical operating segments that are aggregated into three reportable geographic segments: North America, Europe and International. Each segment includes a number of operating segments. In 2013, 50%, 26% and 24% of our net sales were made by our North American, European and International segments, respectively.
North America. Our largest manufacturing and research and development facilities are located in the United States. We serve our North American markets with sales and distribution functions in the U.S., Canada and Mexico.
Europe. Our European segment includes companies in most Western European countries, and a number of Eastern European countries along with locations in the Middle East and Russia. Our largest European companies, based in Germany and France, develop, manufacture and sell a wide variety of products. Operations in other European segment countries focus primarily on sales and distribution in their respective home country markets. While some of these companies may perform limited production, most of their sales are of products that are manufactured in our plants in Germany, France, the U.S. and China, or are purchased from third party vendors.
International. Our International segment includes companies in South America, Africa and the Asia Pacific region, some of which are in developing regions of the world. Principal International segment manufacturing operations are located in Australia, Brazil, China and South Africa. These companies manufacture products that are sold primarily in each company’s home country and regional markets. The other companies in the International segment focus primarily on sales and distribution in their respective home country markets. While some of these companies may perform limited production, most of their sales are of products that are manufactured in our plants in China, Germany, France and the U.S., or are purchased from third party vendors.
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Year Ended December 31, 2013 Compared to Year Ended December 31, 2012
Net Sales from continuing operations. Net sales for the year ended December 31, 2013 were $1,112.1 million, an increase of $1.7 million, from $1,110.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2012.
For the year ended December 31, 2013, local currency core product sales increased by 6%, now comprising 73% of our total business, up from 70% for the year ended December 31, 2012. By product group, portable instruments increased 11%, fixed gas & flame detection instruments and fall protection each increased 6%, breathing apparatus increased 4%, and head protection increased 3% on a local currency basis. The remaining 27% of sales decreased 10% on a lower level of mining related business in the International segment, lower gas mask sales in the United States, and the absence of ballistic helmet sales in North America due to the divestiture of this business in the first half of 2012.
The unfavorable translation effects of weaker foreign currencies decreased net sales from continuing operations, when stated in U.S. dollars, by $9.5 million. Excluding the impact of weakening foreign currencies and the divestiture of our North American ballistic helmet business of $9.6 million, net sales from continuing operations increased $20.8 million or 2%.
(Dollars in millions)
2013
 
2012
 
Dollar
Increase
(Decrease)
 
Percent
Increase
(Decrease)
North America
$
559.2

 
$
551.9

 
$
7.3

 
1
 %
Europe
289.8

 
289.5

 
0.3

 

International
263.1

 
269.0

 
(5.9
)
 
(2
)%
Total
1,112.1

 
1,110.4

 
1.7

 
 %

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Net sales by the North American segment were $559.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2013, an increase of $7.3 million, or 1%, compared to $551.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2012. Excluding the effects of the divestiture of the North American ballistic helmet business, North American segment sales increased $16.9 million, or 3%, when compared to 2012. North American ballistic helmet sales were $9.6 million lower in the current year, reflecting the divestiture. During the year ended December 31, 2013, we continued to see growth in the fire service and industrial markets. Shipments of instruments, self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) and head, eye and face protection were up $21.3 million, $3.2 million and $2.9 million, respectively. These increases were partially offset by a $7.6 million decrease in shipments of gas masks to military markets and other small decreases across a broad range of product lines.
Net sales for the European segment were $289.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2013, an increase of $0.3 million from $289.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2012. Local currency sales in Europe decreased $5.6 million. Shipments of fixed gas & flame detection decreased $3.2 million on a local currency basis, while the remaining decrease in local currency sales was primarily due to lower adjacent product shipments to military markets. The favorable translation effects of a stronger euro in the current year increased European segment sales, when stated in U.S. dollars, by $5.9 million.
Net sales for the International segment were $263.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2013, a decrease of $5.9 million, or 2%, compared to $269.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2012. Currency translation effects decreased International segment sales, when stated in U.S. dollars, by $16.1 million, primarily related to a weaker Australian dollar and Brazilian real. Local currency sales in the International segment increased $10.2 million, as strength in the industrial markets was partially offset by weakness in the fire service and military markets. Shipments of instruments, self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) and fall protection, up $9.1 million, $5.7 million and $2.0 million, respectively, were partially offset by lower shipments of head, eye, and face protection and circuit breathing apparatus, down $3.1 million and $2.7 million, respectively.
Other (loss) income. Other loss for the year ended December 31, 2013 was $0.2 million. A $1.6 million land impairment loss in the North American segment was partially offset by interest income of $1.1 million and small gains from asset dispositions. The 2013 loss compares with income of $10.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2012. In 2012, we recognized gains totaling $8.4 million on property sales in our Cranberry Woods office park. In December 2012, we sold the last available parcel in Cranberry Woods. Other income for 2012 also included a $4.8 million gain on an escrow settlement related to our October 2010 acquisition of the General Monitors group of companies. These improvements were partially offset by impairment losses on intangible assets and tooling related to our firefighter location project of $4.3 million and $0.5 million, respectively.
Cost of products sold. Cost of products sold was $615.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2013, a decrease of $5.7 million, or 1%, from $620.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2012. Cost of products sold as a percentage of net sales was 55.3% in the year ended December 31, 2013 compared to 55.9% in 2012. The effect of LIFO liquidations during 2013 reduced cost of sales by $2.1 million. The decrease in cost of products sold in relation to sales was also due to a more favorable product mix, lower manufacturing costs, and improved pricing.
Gross profit. Gross profit for the year ended December 31, 2013 was $496.8 million, an increase of $7.3 million, or 1%, from $489.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2012. The ratio of gross profit to net sales was 44.7% for 2013 compared to 44.1% in 2012. The higher gross profit ratio in 2013 was primarily related to a more favorable proportion of core product sales, lower manufacturing costs including the effect of LIFO liquidations, and improved pricing.
Selling, general and administrative expenses. Selling, general and administrative expenses for the year ended December 31, 2013 were $309.2 million, a decrease of $3.7 million, or 1%, from $312.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2012. Selling, general and administrative expenses were 27.8% of net sales in 2013 compared to 28.2% of net sales in 2012. Local currency selling, general and administrative expenses decreased $0.9 million in the current period. The decrease reflects reduced administrative expense in our International and European segments and lower legal expense associated with the product liability matters, partially offset by higher pension expense. Currency translation effects decreased selling, general and administrative expenses for the year ended December 31, 2013, when stated in U.S. dollars, by $2.8 million. The decrease was primarily related to a Australian dollar, Brazilian real and South African rand, partially offset by a stronger euro.
Research and development expenses. Research and development expenses were $45.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2013, an increase of $5.0 million, or 12%, from $40.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2012. The increase reflects our ongoing focus on developing innovative new core products, including the G1 SCBA and FAS-Trac III Industrial Helmet Suspension.
Restructuring and other charges. For the year ended December 31, 2013, we recorded non-recurring charges of $5.3 million. European segment charges of $3.0 million related primarily to staff reductions in Germany and the Netherlands. International segment charges of $2.3 million were primarily related to staff reductions in Australia and South Africa.

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Charges for the year ended December 31, 2012 were related to severance costs associated with staff reductions in our North American, European and International segments of $1.5 million, $1.1 million and $0.2 million, respectively.
Interest expense. Interest expense for the year ended December 31, 2013 was $10.7 million, a decrease of $0.6 million, or 5%, from $11.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2012. The decrease in interest expense reflects lower borrowing levels in the current year.
Currency exchange. Currency exchange losses were $5.5 million during the twelve months ended December 31, 2013, compared to losses of $3.2 million during the same period in 2012. Currency exchange losses in both periods were mostly unrealized and relate primarily to the effect of the strengthening U.S. dollar on intercompany balances.
Income tax provision. Our effective tax rate from continuing operations for the year ended December 31, 2013 was 29.3% compared to 32.0% for the year ended December 31, 2012. The lower effective tax rate for the year was primarily related to a tax benefit recognized for the research and development tax credit, including the benefit related to the recognition of the 2012 credit in January 2013. A favorable mix of income sourced from lower tax jurisdictions also contributed to the lower effective tax rate in 2013.
Net income from continuing operations. Net income from continuing operations for the year ended December 31, 2013 was $85.9 million, a decrease of $1.7 million, or 2%, from net income from continuing operations for the year ended December 31, 2012 of $87.6 million. Local currency net income decreased by $0.9 million. Currency translation effects decreased current period net income when stated in U.S. dollars, by $0.8 million. Basic earnings per share from continuing operations was $2.31 in 2013 compared to $2.37 in 2012, a decrease of 6 cents per share, or 3%.
North American segment net income for the year ended December 31, 2013 was $70.6 million, an improvement of $6.3 million, or 10%, from $64.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2012. The increase in North American segment net income reflects higher sales and gross profits and decreased restructuring expense, partially offset by increased selling, general and administrative expenses from higher payroll, legal fees, and other professional services fees.
European segment net income for the year ended December 31, 2013 was $18.4 million, a decrease of $2.0 million, or 10%, from $20.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2012. Local currency net income decreased by $3.1 million, reflecting lower gross profits on lower sales and increased restructuring expense, partially offset by lower selling, general and administrative expense. The favorable translation effects of a stronger euro in the current year increased European segment net income, when stated in U.S. dollars, by $1.1 million.
International segment net income for the year ended December 31, 2013 was $20.4 million, an increase of $1.2 million, or 6%, from $19.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2012. Currency translation effects decreased current period International segment net income when stated in U.S. dollars, by $1.2 million, primarily due to a weaker Australian dollar and Brazilian real. Higher local currency net income was primarily related to increased gross profits from increased sales, lower selling, general and administrative expenses, partially offset by increased restructuring expense.
The net loss reported in reconciling items for the year ended December 31, 2013 was $23.5 million, compared to a net loss of $16.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2012. The higher loss during the year ended December 31, 2013 reflects higher currency exchange losses. Additionally, the year ended December 31, 2012 benefited from the previously-discussed one-time gain on the sale of land in our Cranberry Woods office park.
Year Ended December 31, 2012 Compared to Year Ended December 31, 2011
Net sales. Net sales for the year ended December 31, 2012 were $1,110.4 million, a decrease of $2.4 million, from $1,112.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2011. Excluding the effects of weakening currencies and the divestitures of our ballistic vest and North American ballistic helmet businesses, sales increased $67.4 million, or 6%. Sales of ballistic vests and helmets were $36.0 million lower in 2012, reflecting the divestiture of those businesses. The unfavorable translation effects of weaker foreign currencies decreased sales, when stated in U.S. dollars, by $33.8 million.
Net Sales 
(Dollars in millions)
2012
 
2011
 
Dollar
Increase (Decrease)
 
Percent
Increase (Decrease)
North America
$
551.9

 
$
561.1

 
$
(9.2
)
 
(2
)%
Europe
289.5

 
286.8

 
2.7

 
1
 %
International
269.0

 
264.9

 
4.1

 
2
 %
Total
1,110.4

 
1,112.8

 
(2.4
)
 
 %

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Table of Contents

Net sales by the North American segment were $551.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2012, a decrease of $9.2 million, or 2%, compared to $561.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2011. During the year ended December 31, 2012, we continued to see growth in the fire service and industrial markets. Shipments of instruments, head, eye and face protection and self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) were up $25.1 million, $4.7 million and $2.2 million, respectively. These increases were offset by a $4.7 million decrease in shipments of communication devices and a $36.0 million decrease in shipments of ballistic helmets and vests to military markets. We divested our ballistic vest and North American ballistic helmet businesses during the fourth quarter of 2011 and the second quarter of 2012, respectively.
Net sales for the European segment were $289.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2012, an increase of $2.7 million, or 1%, from $286.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2011. Local currency sales increased $22.4 million, reflecting higher shipments of instruments, SCBA, ballistic helmets, and respirators, up $10.8 million, $4.8 million, $4.2 million, and $3.3 million, respectively. The increase was partially offset by a $2.1 million decrease in shipments of gas masks to military markets. Currency translation effects decreased European segment sales, when stated in U.S. dollars, by $19.7 million, primarily related to a weaker euro.
Net sales of our International segment were $269.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2012, an increase of $4.1 million, or 2%, compared to $264.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2011. Local currency sales in the International segment increased $16.6 million during the year ended December 31, 2012. Growth in fire service markets in China and Latin America led to increases in sales of SCBA and fire helmets of $10.0 million and $3.9 million, respectively. In addition, sales of head, eye and face protection to industrial markets improved by $7.6 million, offset by decreased shipments of circuit breathing apparatus and gas masks of $4.5 million and $0.4 million, respectively. Currency translation effects decreased International segment sales, when stated in U.S. dollars, by $12.5 million, primarily related to a weaker Brazilian real and South African rand.
Other income. Other income for the year ended December 31, 2012 was $10.9 million, an increase of $5.4 million, from $5.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2011. During the year ended December 31, 2012, we recognized gains on the sale of assets totaling $8.4 million compared to gains of $3.3 million in 2011. These gains in both years were primarily related to property sales in our Cranberry Woods office park. In December 2012, we sold the last available parcel in Cranberry Woods. Other income for the year ended December 31, 2012 also includes a $4.8 million gain on an escrow settlement related to our October 2010 acquisition of the General Monitors group of companies. These improvements were partially offset by impairment losses on intangible assets and tooling related to our firefighter location project of $4.3 million and $0.5 million, respectively.
Cost of products sold. Cost of products sold was $620.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2012, a decrease of $33.5 million, or 5%, from $654.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2011. Cost of products sold as a percentage of sales was 55.9% in the year ended December 31, 2012 compared to 58.8% in 2011. The decrease in cost of products sold in relation to sales was primarily due to lower manufacturing costs, a more favorable product mix, and improved pricing.
Gross profit. Gross profit for the year ended December 31, 2012 was $489.5 million, an increase of $31.1 million, or 7%, from $458.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2011. The ratio of gross profit to sales was 44.1% for 2012 compared to 41.2% in 2011. The higher gross profit ratio in 2012 was primarily related to lower manufacturing costs, a more favorable product mix, and improved pricing.
Selling, general and administrative expenses. Selling, general and administrative expenses for the year ended December 31, 2012 were $312.9 million, an increase of $15.1 million, or 5%, from $297.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2011. Selling, general and administrative expenses were 28.2% of sales in 2012 compared to 26.8% of sales in 2011. Local currency selling, general and administrative expenses increased $24.2 million across all segments, reflecting higher selling costs, an increase in due diligence and consulting expense related to special projects and an increase in product liability related legal and administrative expenses. Currency translation effects decreased selling, general and administrative expenses for the year ended December 31, 2012, when stated in U.S. dollars, by $9.1 million, primarily related to a weaker euro, Brazilian real and South African rand.
Research and development expenses. Research and development expenses were $40.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2012, an increase of $1.7 million, or 4%, from $39.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2011. The increase reflected our ongoing focus on developing innovative new core products.
Restructuring and other charges. For the year ended December 31, 2012, we recorded charges of $2.8 million. Charges for the year ended December 31, 2012 were related to severance costs associated with staff reductions in our North American, European and International segments of $1.5 million, $1.1 million and $0.2 million, respectively.

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Table of Contents

For the year ended December 31, 2011, we recorded charges of $8.6 million. European segment charges of $5.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2011, related primarily to staff reductions and the transfer of certain production activities to China. North American segment charges for the year ended December 31, 2011 of $1.7 million included costs associated with the relocation of certain administrative and production activities. International segment charges for the year ended December 31, 2011 of $1.1 million were related primarily to severance costs associated with the relocation of our Wuxi, China operations to Suzhou, China.
Interest expense. Interest expense for the year ended December 31, 2012 was $11.3 million, a decrease of $2.8 million, or 20%, from $14.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2011. The decrease in interest expense reflects lower borrowing on our revolving credit line and lower interest rates.
Income tax provision. Our effective tax rate for the year ended December 31, 2012 was 32.0% compared to 33.4% for the year ended December 31, 2011. The lower effective tax rate for the year was primarily related to a tax benefit associated with a non cash charitable contribution of land at our Cranberry Woods office park and a higher manufacturing deduction credit. These gains were partially offset by the expiration of the research and development tax credit at the end of 2011. In January 2013, the research and development tax credit was reinstated retroactively to the beginning of 2012.
Net income from continuing operations. Net income from continuing operations for the year ended December 31, 2012 was $87.6 million, an increase of $20.1 million, or 30%, from net income for the year ended December 31, 2011 of $67.5 million. Local currency net income increased by $23.0 million. Currency translation effects decreased current period net income when stated in U.S. dollars, by $2.9 million, primarily due to a weaker Australian dollar, Brazilian real, and euro. Basic earnings per share from continuing operations was $2.37 in 2012 compared to $1.85 in 2011, an increase of 52 cents per share, or 28%.
North American segment net income for the year ended December 31, 2012 was $64.3 million, an improvement of $10.6 million, or 20%, from $53.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2011. The increase in North American segment net income reflects higher gross profits driven by controlled manufacturing costs, a more favorable sales mix and improved pricing, partially offset by an increase in selling, general and administrative expenses.
European segment net income for the year ended December 31, 2012 was $20.4 million, an increase of $8.7 million, or 74%, from $11.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2011. Local currency net income increased by $9.4 million, reflecting improved gross profits and lower restructuring charges. Currency translation effects decreased European segment net income, when stated in U.S. dollars, by $0.7 million, mainly due to a weaker euro.
International segment net income for the year ended December 31, 2012 was $19.2 million, a decrease of $5.6 million, or 23%, from $24.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2011. Currency translation effects decreased current period International segment net income when stated in U.S. dollars, by $2.4 million, primarily due to a weaker Australian dollar and Brazilian real. Lower local currency net income decreased $3.2 million reflecting higher selling, general and administrative expenses and higher income taxes, partially offset by improved gross profits. 
The net loss reported in reconciling items for the year ended December 31, 2012 was $16.4 million, compared to a net loss of $22.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2011. The lower loss during the year ended December 31, 2012 reflects the one-time gain on the sale of land in our Cranberry Woods office park.
LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES
Our main source of liquidity is operating cash flows, supplemented by borrowings. Our principal liquidity requirements are for working capital, capital expenditures, principal and interest payments on debt, dividend payments, and acquisitions. Approximately half of our long-term debt is at fixed interest rates with repayment schedules through 2021. The remainder of our long-term debt is at variable rates on an unsecured revolving credit facility that is due in 2016. Substantially all of our borrowings originate in the U.S., which has limited our exposure to non-U.S. credit markets and to currency exchange rate fluctuations.
At December 31, 2013, we had cash and cash equivalents totaling $96.3 million, of which $87.2 million was held by our foreign subsidiaries. The $87.2 million of cash and cash equivalents are held by our foreign subsidiaries whose earnings are considered indefinitely reinvested at December 31, 2013. These funds could be subject to additional income taxes if repatriated. It is not practical to determine the potential income tax liability that we would incur if these funds were repatriated to the U.S. because the time and manner of repatriation is uncertain. We believe that domestic cash and cash equivalents, domestic cash flows from operations, annual repatriation of a portion of the current period's foreign earnings, and the availability of our domestic line of credit are sufficient to fund our domestic liquidity requirements.

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Table of Contents

Our unsecured senior revolving credit facility provides for borrowings up to $300.0 million through 2016 and is subject to certain commitment fees. Loans made under the senior revolving credit facility bear interest at a variable rate. Loan proceeds may be used for general corporate purposes, including working capital, permitted acquisitions, capital expenditures and repayment of existing indebtedness. The credit agreement also provides for an uncommitted incremental facility that permits us, subject to certain conditions, to request an increase in the senior credit facility of up to $50.0 million. At December 31, 2013, $184.0 million of the $300.0 million senior revolving credit facility was unused.
In January 2014 the Company determined that it was in technical violation of one loan covenant related to the threshold for priority indebtedness in its 2006 Senior Note Purchase Agreement dated December 20, 2006 which resulted in cross default violations in two other loan agreements. The Company obtained the appropriate waivers from its lenders which were fully executed on February 12, 2014. The underlying financial covenants of the Note Purchase Agreement were amended at the same time. We are currently in compliance with all of our debt covenants.
During 2013 and 2012, we reduced borrowings on the senior revolving credit facility by $5.0 million and $55.0 million, respectively.
Management has filed to redeem the $4.0 million of Industrial development debt on February 28, 2014.
Cash and cash equivalents increased $13.5 million during the year ended December 31, 2013, compared to an increase of $22.8 million during 2012 and an increase of $0.2 million during 2011.
Operating activities. Operating activities provided cash of $110.8 million in 2013, compared to providing cash of $150.5 million in 2012. Lower operating cash flow in 2013 is primarily related to changes in working capital, higher notes receivables from insurance companies, and lower net income. Insurance receivables related to cumulative trauma product liability losses were $124.8 million at December 31, 2013 compared to $130.0 million at December 31, 2012. Trade receivables were $200.4 million at December 31, 2013 compared to $191.3 million at December 31, 2012, reflecting a local currency increase of $13.2 million on strong sales results in December, partially offset by unfavorable currency translation effects of $4.1 million. Inventories were $136.8 million at December 31, 2013, compared to $136.3 million at December 31, 2012. Local currency inventory increased $6.3 million, partially due to anticipated demand for new products. Local currency increases were offset by unfavorable currency translation effects of $5.8 million. Accounts payable were $66.9 million at December 31, 2013 compared to $59.5 million at December 31, 2012. Local currency accounts payable increased $8.8 million, primarily in International and North America reflecting our ongoing initiative to improve operating cash flow, partially offset by favorable currency translation effects of $1.4 million.
Operating activities provided cash of $150.5 million in 2012, compared to providing cash of $85.3 million in 2011. Significantly higher cash from operating activities in 2012 was primarily related to working capital improvements and higher net income. Trade receivables were $191.3 million at December 31, 2012, a decrease of $1.3 million, compared to $192.6 million at December 31, 2011. The $1.3 million decrease in trade receivables reflects a $2.3 million decrease in local currency balances, partially offset by a $1.0 million increase due to currency translation effects. LIFO inventories were $136.3 million at December 31, 2012, a decrease of $5.2 million, compared to $141.5 million at December 31, 2011. The $5.2 million decrease in inventories reflects a $6.1 million decrease in local currency inventories, partially offset by a $0.9 million increase due to currency translation effects. The decrease in local currency inventories reflects the divestiture of the ACH business, as well as our ongoing initiative to manage inventory levels. Accounts payable were $59.5 million at December 31, 2012, an increase of $9.3 million, compared to $50.2 million at December 31, 2011. The $9.3 million increase in accounts payable reflects our focus on extending payments by negotiating favorable terms with our vendors. Currency translation effects on accounts payable were negligible.
Investing activities. Investing activities used cash of $35.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2013, compared to using $17.3 million in 2012. The increase in cash used by investing activities in 2013 was due to lower cash generated by property disposals. Cash generated from property disposals was $1.4 million in 2013 compared to $20.2 million in 2012. The cash received from property disposals in 2012 include proceeds from the sale of land in our Cranberry Woods office park. Capital expenditures were $36.5 million compared to $32.2 million in 2012. The $4.3 million increase in expenditures was driven primarily from higher investment in manufacturing in the International segment.
Investing activities used cash of $17.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2012, compared to using $11.7 million in 2012. The higher use of cash in 2012 relates to a $5.3 million short-term investment in the International segment. This investment was liquidated in 2013.

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Table of Contents

Financing activities. Financing activities used cash of $58.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2013, compared to using cash of $110.5 million in 2012. During 2013, we paid down $11.7 million of long-term debt compared to paying down $63.0 million in 2012. We made dividend payments of $44.0 million during 2013, compared to $51.0 million during 2012. Dividends paid on our common stock during 2013 (our 97th consecutive year of dividend payment) were $1.18 per share. Dividends paid on our common stock in 2012 and 2011 were $1.38 and $1.03 per share, respectively. The 2012 dividend included a special one-time dividend of $0.28 per share that was paid on December 28, 2012. Restricted cash balances were $2.8 million at December 31, 2013 and were primarily used to support letter of credit balances.
Financing activities used cash of $110.5 million in 2012 compared to using cash of $71.3 million in 2011. During 2012, we paid down $63.0 million of long-term debt compared to paying down $35.0 million in 2011. We made dividend payments of $51.0 million during 2012, compared to $37.7 million during 2011.
CUMULATIVE TRANSLATION ADJUSTMENTS
The year-end position of the U.S. dollar relative to international currencies resulted in a translation loss of $6.1 million being credited to cumulative translation adjustments for the year ended December 31, 2013. This compares to a translation gain of $4.1 million in 2012 and a translation loss of $14.7 million in 2011. The translation loss in 2013 was primarily related to the weakening of the Australian Dollar, Brazilian Real and the Argentine Peso. The translation gain in 2012 was primarily related to the strengthening of the euro. The translation loss in 2011 was primarily related to the weakening of the euro and South African rand.
COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
We are obligated to make future payments under various contracts, including debt and lease agreements. Our significant cash obligations as of December 31, 2013 were as follows:
(In millions)
 
Total
 
2014
 
2015
 
2016
 
2017
 
2018
 
Thereafter
Long-term debt
 
$
267.3

 
$
6.7

 
$
6.7

 
$
116.7

 
$
26.7

 
$
26.7

 
$
83.8

Operating leases
 
32.9

 
11.9

 
9.8

 
4.2

 
2.4

 
1.8

 
2.8

Totals
 
300.2

 
18.6

 
16.5

 
120.9

 
29.1

 
28.5

 
86.6

 
The significant obligations table does not include obligations to taxing authorities due to uncertainty surrounding the ultimate settlement of amounts and timing of these obligations.
We expect to meet our 2014, 2015, and 2017 debt service obligations through cash provided by operations. Approximately $110.0 million of debt payable in 2016 relates to our unsecured senior revolving credit facility. We expect to generate sufficient operating cash flow to make payments against this amount each year. To the extent that a balance remains when the facility matures in 2016, we expect to refinance the remaining balance through new borrowing facilities.
The Company had outstanding bank guarantees and standby letters of credit with banks as of December 31, 2013 totaling $9.0 million, of which $6.0 million relate to the senior revolving credit facility. These letters of credit serve to cover customer requirements in connection with certain sales orders, insurance companies and the Company's industrial development debt. No amounts were drawn on these arrangements at December 31, 2013. The Company is also required to provide cash collateral in connection with certain arrangements. At December 31, 2013, the Company has $2.2 million of restricted cash in support of these arrangements. At December 31, 2013, the Company also has a $4.1 million guarantee relating to voluntary retirement payments for its unionized workers in Germany.
We expect to make net contributions of $4.5 million to our pension plans in 2014.
We have purchase commitments for materials, supplies, services and property, plant and equipment as part of our ordinary conduct of business. In addition to these commitments, we also have contingencies related to product liability losses.

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Table of Contents

We categorize the product liability losses that we experience into two main categories; single incident and cumulative trauma. Single incident product liability claims are discrete incidents that are typically known to us when they occur and involve observable injuries and, therefore, more quantifiable damages. Therefore, we maintain a reserve for single incident product liability claims based on expected settlement costs for pending claims and an estimate of costs for unreported claims derived from experience, sales volumes and other relevant information. Our reserve for single incident product liability claims at December 31, 2013 and 2012 was $4.0 million and $4.4 million, respectively. Single incident product liability expense was negligible during the year ended December 31, 2013. During the years ended December 31, 2012 and 2011, single incident product liability expense was $0.7 million and $1.5 million, respectively. We evaluate our single incident product liability exposures on an ongoing basis and make adjustments to the reserve as new information becomes available.
Cumulative trauma product liability claims involve exposures to harmful substances (e.g., silica, asbestos and coal dust) that occurred many years ago and may have developed over long periods of time into diseases such as silicosis, asbestosis or coal worker’s pneumoconiosis. We are presently named as a defendant in 2,840 lawsuits in which plaintiffs allege to have contracted certain cumulative trauma diseases related to exposure to silica, asbestos, and/or coal dust. These lawsuits mainly involve respiratory protection products allegedly manufactured and sold by us. We are unable to estimate total damages sought in these lawsuits as they generally do not specify the injuries alleged or the amount of damages sought, and potentially involve multiple defendants.
Cumulative trauma product liability litigation is difficult to predict. In our experience, until late in a lawsuit, we cannot reasonably determine whether it is probable that any given cumulative trauma lawsuit will ultimately result in a liability. This uncertainty is caused by many factors, including the following: cumulative trauma complaints generally do not provide information sufficient to determine if a loss is probable; cumulative trauma litigation is inherently unpredictable and information is often insufficient to determine if a lawsuit will develop into an actively litigated case; and even when a case is actively litigated, it is often difficult to determine if the lawsuit will be dismissed or otherwise resolved until late in the lawsuit. Moreover, even once it is probable that such a lawsuit will result in a loss, it is difficult to reasonably estimate the amount of actual loss that will be incurred. These amounts are highly variable and turn on a case-by-case analysis of the relevant facts, which are often not learned until late in the lawsuit.
Because of these factors, we cannot reliably determine our potential liability for such claims until late in the lawsuit. Therefore, we do not record cumulative trauma product liability losses when a lawsuit is filed, but rather, when we learn sufficient information to determine that it is probable that we will incur a loss and the amount of loss can be reasonably estimated. We record expenses for defense costs associated with open cumulative trauma product liability lawsuits as incurred.
We cannot estimate any amount or range of possible losses related to resolving pending and future cumulative trauma product liability lawsuits that we may face because of the factors described above. As new information about cumulative trauma product liability cases and future developments becomes available, we reassess our potential exposures.
A summary of cumulative trauma product liability lawsuit activity follows:
 
 
2013
 
2012
 
2011
Open lawsuits, January 1
 
2,609

 
2,321

 
1,900

New lawsuits
 
489

 
750

 
479

Settled and dismissed lawsuits
 
(258
)
 
(462
)
 
(58
)
Open lawsuits, December 31
 
2,840

 
2,609

 
2,321

Nearly half of the open lawsuits at December 31, 2013 have had a de minimus level of activity over the last five years. It is possible that these cases could become active again at any point due to changes in circumstances.
With some common contract exclusions, we maintain insurance for cumulative trauma product liability claims. We have purchased insurance policies for the policy years from 1952-1986 from over 20 different insurance carriers that provide coverage for cumulative trauma product liability losses and, in many instances, related defense costs. In the normal course of business, we make payments to settle product liability claims and for related defense costs. We record receivables for the amounts that are covered by insurance. The available limits of these policies are many times our recorded insurance receivable balance.
Various factors could affect the timing and amount of recovery of our insurance receivables, including the outcome of negotiations with insurers, legal proceedings with respect to product liability insurance coverage and the extent to which insurers may become insolvent in the future.
Our insurance receivables at December 31, 2013 and 2012 totaled $124.8 million and $130.0 million, respectively, all of which is reported in other non-current assets.

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A summary of insurance receivable balances and activity related to cumulative trauma product liability losses follows:
(In millions)
 
2013
 
2012
 
2011
Balance January 1
 
$
130.0

 
$
112.1

 
$
89.0

Additions
 
34.0

 
29.7

 
35.6

Collections and settlements
 
(39.2
)
 
(11.8
)
 
(12.5
)
Balance December 31
 
124.8

 
130.0

 
112.1

Additions to insurance receivables in the above table represent insured cumulative trauma product liability losses and related defense costs. Uninsured cumulative trauma product liability losses during the years ended December 31, 2013, 2012, and 2011 were $1.7 million, $2.1 million and $1.1 million, respectively. Collections primarily represent agreements with insurance companies to pay amounts due that are applicable to cumulative trauma claims. In cases where the payment stream covers multiple years, the present value of the payments is recorded as a note receivable (current and long term) in the balance sheet within prepaid expenses and other current assets and other noncurrent assets.
Our aggregate cumulative trauma product liability losses and administrative and defense costs for the three years ended December 31, 2013, totaled approximately $104.2 million, substantially all of which was insured.
We believe that the increase in the insurance receivable balance that we have experienced since 2005 is primarily due to disagreements among our insurance carriers, and consequently with us, as to when their individual obligations to pay us are triggered and the amount of each insurer’s obligation, as compared to other insurers. We believe that our insurers do not contest that they have issued policies to us or that these policies cover certain cumulative trauma product liability claims. We believe that our ability to successfully resolve our insurance litigation with various insurance carriers in recent years demonstrates that we have strong legal positions concerning our rights to coverage.
We regularly evaluate the collectability of the insurance receivables and record the amounts that we conclude are probable of collection. Our conclusions are based on our analysis of the terms of the underlying insurance policies, our experience in successfully recovering cumulative trauma product liability claims from our insurers under other policies, the financial ability of our insurance carriers to pay the claims, our understanding and interpretation of the relevant facts and applicable law and the advice of legal counsel, who believe that our insurers are required to provide coverage based on the terms of the policies.
Although the outcome of cumulative trauma product liability matters cannot be predicted with certainty and unfavorable resolutions could materially affect our results of operations on a quarter-to-quarter basis, based on information currently available and the amounts of insurance coverage available to us, we believe that the disposition of cumulative trauma product liability lawsuits that are pending against us will not have a materially adverse effect on our future results of operations, financial condition, or liquidity.
We are currently involved in insurance coverage litigations with a number of our insurance carriers.
In 2009, we sued The North River Insurance Company (North River) in the United States District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania, alleging that North River breached one of its insurance policies by failing to pay amounts owed to us and that it engaged in bad-faith claims handling. We believe that North River’s refusal to indemnify us under the policy for product liability losses and legal fees paid by us is wholly contrary to Pennsylvania law and we are vigorously pursuing the legal actions necessary to collect all due amounts. Motions for summary judgment on certain issues will be submitted to the court at the earliest possible date. A trial date has not yet been scheduled.
In 2010, North River sued us in the Court of Common Pleas of Allegheny County, Pennsylvania seeking a declaratory judgment concerning their responsibilities under three additional policies. We assert claims against North River for breaches of contract for failures to pay amounts owed to us. We also allege that North River engaged in bad-faith claims handling. We believe that North River’s refusal to indemnify us under these policies for product liability losses and legal fees paid by us is wholly contrary to Pennsylvania law and we are vigorously pursuing the legal actions necessary to collect all due amounts. Summary judgment on certain issues is pending with the court. A trial date has not yet been scheduled.
In July 2010, we filed a lawsuit in the Superior Court of the State of Delaware seeking declaratory and other relief from the majority of our excess insurance carriers concerning the future rights and obligations of MSA and our excess insurance carriers under various insurance policies. The reason for this insurance coverage action is to secure a comprehensive resolution of our rights under the insurance policies issued by our insurers. The case is currently in discovery. We have resolved our claims against certain of our insurance carriers on some of their policies through negotiated settlements. When settlement is reached, we dismiss the settling carrier from this action in Delaware.

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During September 2013, we resolved coverage litigation with Associated International Insurance Company, through a negotiated settlement. As part of this settlement, we dismissed all claims against Associated International Insurance Company in the above-referenced coverage litigation in the Superior Court of the State of Delaware. The settlement did not have an impact on our operating results.
During December 2013, we resolved coverage litigation with Allstate Insurance Company, through a negotiated settlement. As part of this settlement, both parties dismissed all claims against one another under the above-referenced coverage litigations in the Court of Common Pleas of Allegheny County, Pennsylvania and the Superior Court of the State of Delaware. The settlement did not have an impact on our operating results.
During December 2013, we resolved coverage litigation with Columbia Casualty Company, through a negotiated settlement. As part of this settlement, we dismissed all claims against Columbia Casualty Company in the above-referenced coverage litigation in the Superior Court of the State of Delaware. The settlement did not have an impact on our operating results.
CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND ESTIMATES
We prepare our consolidated financial statements in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). The preparation of these financial statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses and the related disclosures. We evaluate these estimates and judgments on an on-going basis based on historical experience and various assumptions that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances. However, different amounts could be reported if we had used different assumptions and in light of different facts and circumstances. Actual amounts could differ from the estimates and judgments reflected in our financial statements. A summary of the Company's significant accounting policies is included in Note 1 to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Form 10-K.
We believe that the following are the more critical judgments and estimates used in the preparation of our financial statements.
Accounting for contingencies. We accrue for contingencies when we believe that it is probable that a liability or loss has been incurred and the amount can be reasonably estimated. Contingencies relate to uncertainties that require our judgment both in assessing whether or not a liability or loss has been incurred and in estimating the amount of the probable loss. Significant contingencies affecting our financial statements include pending or threatened litigation, including product liability claims and product warranties.
Product liability. We face an inherent business risk of exposure to product liability claims arising from the alleged failure of our products to prevent the types of personal injury or death against which they are designed to protect. We categorize the product liability losses that we experience into two main categories; single incident and cumulative trauma. Single incident product liability claims are discrete incidents that are typically known to us when they occur and involve observable injuries and, therefore, more quantifiable damages. We maintain a reserve for single incident product liability claims, based on expected settlement costs for pending claims and an estimate of costs for unreported claims derived from experience, sales volumes and other relevant information. We evaluate our single incident product liability exposures on an ongoing basis and make adjustments to the reserve as new information becomes available.
Cumulative trauma product liability claims involve exposures to harmful substances that occurred many years ago and may have developed over long periods of time into diseases such as silicosis, asbestosis, or coal worker’s pneumoconiosis. In our experience, until late in a lawsuit, we cannot reasonably determine whether it is probable that any given cumulative trauma lawsuit will ultimately result in a liability. This uncertainty is caused by many factors, including the following: cumulative trauma complaints generally do not provide information sufficient to determine if a loss is probable; cumulative trauma litigation is inherently unpredictable and information is often insufficient to determine if a lawsuit will develop into an actively litigated case; and even when a case is actively litigated, it is often difficult to determine if the lawsuit will be dismissed or otherwise resolved until late in the lawsuit. Moreover, even once it is probable that such a lawsuit will result in a loss, it is difficult to reasonably estimate the amount of actual loss that will be incurred. These amounts are highly variable and turn on a case-by-case analysis of the relevant facts, which are often not learned until late in the lawsuit. Therefore, we do not record cumulative trauma product liability losses when a lawsuit is filed, but rather, when we learn sufficient information to determine that it is probable that we will incur a loss and the amount of loss can be reasonably estimated.
We cannot estimate any amount or range of possible losses related to resolving pending and future cumulative trauma product liability claims that we may face because of the factors described above. As new information about cumulative trauma product liability claims and future developments becomes available, we reassess our potential exposures.

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We record expenses for defense costs associated with open product liability lawsuits as incurred.
With some common contract exclusions, we maintain insurance for single incident and pre-1986 cumulative trauma product liability claims and related defense costs. In the normal course of business, we make payments to settle product liability claims and for related defense costs. We record receivables for the amounts that are covered by insurance.
Due to uncertainty as to the ultimate outcome of pending and threatened claims, as well as the incidence of future claims, it is possible that future results could be materially affected by changes in our assumptions and estimates related to product liability matters, including our estimates of amounts receivable from insurance carriers. Our product liability expense averaged less than 1% of net sales during the three years ended December 31, 2013.
Product warranties. We accrue for the estimated probable cost of product warranties at the time that sales are recognized. Our estimates are principally based on historical experience. We also accrue for our estimates of the probable costs of corrective action when significant product quality issues are identified. These estimates are principally based on our assumptions regarding the cost of corrective action and the probable number of units to be repaired or replaced. Our product warranty obligation is affected by product failure rates, material usage and service delivery costs incurred in correcting a product failure. Due to the uncertainty and potential volatility of these factors, it is possible that future results could be materially affected by changes in our assumptions or the effectiveness of our strategies related to these matters. Our product warranty expense averaged approximately 1% of net sales during the three years ended December 31, 2013.
Income taxes. We recognize deferred tax assets and liabilities using enacted tax rates to record the tax effect of temporary differences between the book and tax basis of recorded assets and liabilities. We record valuation allowances to reduce deferred tax assets to the amounts that we estimate are probable to be realized. When assessing the need for valuation allowances, we consider projected future taxable income and prudent and feasible tax planning strategies. Should a change in circumstances lead to a change in our judgments about the realizability of deferred tax assets in future years, we adjust the related valuation allowances in the period that the change in circumstances occurs. We had valuation allowances of $4.9 million and $4.0 million at December 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively.
We record an estimated income tax liability based on our best judgment of the amounts likely to be paid in the various tax jurisdictions in which we operate. We record tax benefits related to uncertain tax positions taken or expected to be taken on a tax return when such benefits meet a more likely than not threshold. We recognize interest related to unrecognized tax benefits in interest expense and penalties in operating expenses. The tax liabilities ultimately paid are dependent on a number of factors, including the resolution of tax audits, and may differ from the amounts recorded. Tax liabilities are adjusted through income when it becomes probable that the actual liability differs from the amount recorded.
No deferred U.S. income taxes have been provided on undistributed earnings of non-U.S. subsidiaries, which amounted to $290.5 million as of December 31, 2013. These earnings are considered to be reinvested for an indefinite period of time. Because we currently do not have any plans to repatriate these funds, we cannot determine the impact of local taxes, withholding taxes and foreign tax credits associated with the future repatriation of such earnings and, therefore, cannot reasonably estimate the associated tax liability. In cases where we intend to repatriate a portion of the undistributed earnings of our foreign subsidiaries, we provide U.S. income taxes on such earnings.
Pensions and other postretirement benefits. We sponsor certain pension and other postretirement benefit plans. Accounting for the net periodic benefit costs and credits for these plans requires us to estimate the cost of benefits to be provided well into the future and to attribute these costs over the expected work life of the employees participating in these plans. These estimates require our judgment about discount rates used to determine these obligations, expected returns on plan assets, rates of future compensation increases, rates of increase in future health care costs, participant withdrawal and mortality rates and participant retirement ages. Differences between our estimates and actual results may significantly affect the cost of our obligations under these plans and could cause net periodic benefit costs and credits to change materially from year-to-year. The discount rate assumptions used in determining projected benefit obligations are based on published long-term bond indices or a company-specific yield curve model.
Goodwill. In the third quarter of each year, or more frequently if indicators of impairment exist or if a decision is made to sell a business, we evaluate goodwill for impairment. A significant amount of judgment is involved in determining if an indicator of impairment has occurred. Such indicators may include a decline in expected cash flows, a significant adverse change in the business climate, unanticipated competition, slower growth rates, or negative developments in equity and credit markets, among others.

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All goodwill is assigned to reporting units. For goodwill impairment testing purposes, we consider our operating segments to be our reporting units. We test goodwill for impairment by either performing a qualitative evaluation or a two-step quantitative test. The qualitative evaluation is an assessment of factors to determine whether it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying value, including goodwill. Factors considered as part of the qualitative assessment include entity-specific industry, market and general economic conditions. In 2013 we performed a qualitative assessment for all of our reporting units. However, in the future, we may elect to bypass this qualitative evaluation for some or all of our reporting units and perform a two-step quantitative test. Quantitative testing involves comparing the estimated fair value of each reporting unit to its carrying value. We estimate reporting unit fair value using discounted cash flow (DCF) methodologies, as we believe forecasted cash flows are the best indicator of fair value. A number of significant assumptions and estimates are involved in the application of the DCF model, including sales volumes and prices, costs to produce, tax rates, capital spending, discount rates, and working capital changes. Cash flow forecasts are generally based on approved business unit operating plans for the early years and historical relationships in later years. The betas used in calculating the individual reporting units’ weighted average cost of capital (WACC) rate are estimated for each reporting unit based on peer data.
In the event the estimated fair value of a reporting unit per the DCF model is less than the carrying value, additional analysis would be required. The additional analysis would compare the carrying amount of the reporting unit’s goodwill with the implied fair value of that goodwill, which may involve the use of valuation experts. The implied fair value of goodwill is the excess of the fair value of the reporting unit over the fair value amounts assigned to all of the assets and liabilities of that unit as if the reporting unit had been acquired in a business combination and the fair value of the reporting unit represented the purchase price. If the carrying value of goodwill exceeds its implied fair value, an impairment loss equal to such excess would be recognized, which could significantly and adversely impact reported results of operations and shareholders’ equity. For 2013, based on our qualitative valuation, none of our reporting units were close to an impairment.
RECENTLY ADOPTED AND RECENTLY ISSUED ACCOUNTING STANDARDS
In July, 2013, the FASB issued ASU 2013-11, Presentation of an Unrecognized Tax Benefit When a Net Operating Loss Carryforward, a Similar Tax Loss, or a Tax Credit Carryforward Exists. This ASU requires an unrecognized tax benefit, or a portion of an unrecognized tax benefit, to be presented in the financial statements as a reduction to a deferred tax asset for a net operating loss carryforward, a similar tax loss, or a tax credit carryforward. The ASU will be effective beginning in 2014. The adoption of this ASU will not have a material effect on our consolidated statements.
In March 2013, FASB issued ASU 2013-05, Parent's Accounting for the Cumulative Translation Adjustment upon Derecognition of Certain Subsidiaries or Groups of Assets within a Foreign Entity or of an Investment in a Foreign Entity. This ASU 2013-05 addresses the accounting for the cumulative translation adjustment when a parent either sells a part or all of its investment in a foreign entity or no longer holds a controlling financial interest in a subsidiary or group of assets that is a business within a foreign entity. The guidance outlines the events when cumulative translation adjustments should be released into net income. This ASU will be effective beginning in 2014. The adoption of this ASU may have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements, in the event that we were to divest of a foreign affiliate.
In February 2013, the FASB issued ASU 2013-02, Comprehensive Income-Reporting of Amounts Reclassified Out of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income. This ASU requires additional information about the amounts reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income by component. The adoption of this ASU on January 1, 2013 did not have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.
Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Market risk represents the risk of adverse changes in the value of a financial instrument caused by changes in currency exchange rates, interest rates and equity prices. We are exposed to market risks related to currency exchange rates and interest rates.
Currency exchange rates. We are subject to the effects of fluctuations in currency exchange rates on various transactions and on the translation of the reported financial position and operating results of our non-U.S. companies from local currencies to U.S. dollars. A hypothetical 10% strengthening or weakening of the U.S. dollar would increase or decrease our reported sales and net income for the year ended December 31, 2013 by approximately $57.5 million and $4.6 million, respectively.
When appropriate, we may attempt to limit our transactional exposure to changes in currency exchange rates through contracts or other actions intended to reduce existing exposures by creating offsetting currency exposures. At December 31, 2013, we had open foreign currency forward contracts with a U.S. dollar notional value of $54.4 million. A hypothetical 10% increase in December 31, 2013 forward exchange rates would result in a $5.4 million increase in the fair value of these contracts.

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Interest rates. We are exposed to changes in interest rates primarily as a result of borrowing and investing activities used to maintain liquidity and fund business operations. Because of the relatively short maturities of temporary investments and the variable rate nature of our revolving credit facility and industrial development debt, these financial instruments are reported at carrying values which approximate fair values.
We have $160.0 million of fixed rate debt which matures at various dates through 2021. The incremental increase in the fair value of fixed rate long-term debt resulting from a hypothetical 10% decrease in interest rates would be approximately $2.6 million. However, our sensitivity to interest rate declines and the corresponding increase in the fair value of our debt portfolio would unfavorably affect earnings and cash flows only to the extent that we elected to repurchase or retire all or a portion of our fixed rate debt portfolio at prices above carrying values.
Actuarial assumptions. The most significant actuarial assumptions affecting our net periodic pension credit and pension obligations are discount rates, expected returns on plan assets and plan asset valuations. Discount rates and plan asset valuations are point-in-time measures. Expected returns on plan assets are based on our historical returns by asset class.
The following table summarizes the impact of changes in significant actuarial assumptions on our December 31, 2013 actuarial valuations.
 
Impact of Changes in Actuarial Assumptions
 
Change in Discount
Rate
 
Change in Expected
Return
 
Change in Market Value of
Assets
(In thousands)
1%
 
(1)%
 
1%
 
(1)%
 
5%
 
(5)%
(Decrease) increase in net benefit cost
$
(5,610
)
 
$
6,742

 
$
(3,815
)
 
$
3,813

 
$
(898
)
 
$
894

(Decrease) increase in projected benefit obligation
(55,802
)
 
64,198

 

 

 

 

Increase (decrease) in funded status
55,802

 
(64,198
)
 

 

 
21,728

 
(21,728
)

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Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

Management’s Reports to Shareholders
Management’s Report on Responsibility for Financial Reporting
Management of Mine Safety Appliances Company (the Company) is responsible for the preparation of the financial statements included in this annual report. The financial statements were prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America and include amounts that are based on the best estimates and judgments of management. The other financial information contained in this annual report is consistent with the financial statements.
Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
Management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting. The Company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles.
The Company’s internal control over financial reporting includes policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect transactions and dispositions of assets; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and the directors of the Company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use or disposition of the Company’s assets that could have a material effect on our financial statements.
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
Management assessed the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2013. In making this assessment, management used the criteria set forth by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO) in Internal Control-Integrated Framework (1992). Based on our assessment and those criteria, management has concluded that the Company maintained effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2013.
The effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2013 has been audited by PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm, as stated in their report, which is included herein.
 
 
/s/    WILLIAM M. LAMBERT      
William M. Lambert
Chief Executive Officer
 
/s/    STACY P. McMAHAN    
Stacy P. McMahan
Senior Vice President of Finance and Chief Financial Officer
February 24, 2014

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Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
To the Shareholders and Board of Directors of Mine Safety Appliances Company:
In our opinion, the consolidated balance sheets and related consolidated statements of income, comprehensive income, cash flows and changes in retained earnings and accumulated other comprehensive loss present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Mine Safety Appliances Company and its subsidiaries (the “Company”) at December 31, 2013 and 2012, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2013 in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. In addition, in our opinion, the financial statement schedule listed in the index appearing under Item 15 presents fairly, in all material respects, the information set forth therein when read in conjunction with the related consolidated financial statements. Also in our opinion, the Company maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2013, based on criteria established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework (1992) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). The Company’s management is responsible for these financial statements and financial statement schedule, for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting appearing under Item 8. Our responsibility is to express opinions on these financial statements, on the financial statement schedule, and on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our integrated audits. We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement and whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audits of the financial statements included examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, and evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. Our audit of internal control over financial reporting included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk. Our audits also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinions.
A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
/s/ PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP
PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
February 24, 2014

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MINE SAFETY APPLIANCES COMPANY
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF INCOME
 
Year ended December 31,
(In thousands, except per share amounts)
2013
 
2012
 
2011
Net sales
$
1,112,058

 
$
1,110,443

 
$
1,112,814

Other (loss) income, net (Note 14)
(175
)
 
10,876

 
5,458

 
1,111,883

 
1,121,319

 
1,118,272

Costs and expenses
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of products sold
615,213

 
620,895

 
654,447

Selling, general and administrative
309,206

 
312,858

 
297,779

Research and development
45,858

 
40,900

 
39,245

Restructuring and other charges (Note 2)
5,344

 
2,787

 
8,559

Interest expense
10,677

 
11,344

 
14,116

Currency exchange losses, net
5,452

 
3,192

 
3,051

 
991,750

 
991,976

 
1,017,197

Income from continuing operations before income taxes
120,133

 
129,343

 
101,075

Provision for income taxes (Note 9)
35,145

 
41,401

 
33,807

 
 
 
 
 
 
Income from continuing operations
84,988

 
87,942

 
67,268

Income from discontinued operations (Note 19)
3,061

 
3,819

 
2,777

Net income
88,049

 
91,761

 
70,045

 
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss (income) attributable to noncontrolling interests
198

 
(1,124
)
 
(193
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income attributable to Mine Safety Appliances Company
88,247

 
90,637

 
69,852

Amounts attributable to Mine Safety Appliances Company common shareholders:
 
 
 
 
 
Income from continuing operations
85,858

 
87,557

 
67,518

Income from discontinued operations (Note 19)
2,389

 
3,080

 
2,334

Net income
88,247

 
90,637

 
69,852

 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings per share attributable to Mine Safety Appliances Company common shareholders (Note 8)
 
 
 
 
 
Basic


 


 


Income from continuing operations
$
2.31

 
$
2.37

 
$
1.85

Income from discontinued operations (Note 19)
$
0.06

 
$
0.08

 
$
0.06

Net income
$
2.37

 
$
2.45

 
$
1.91

Diluted


 


 


Income from continuing operations
$
2.28

 
$
2.34

 
$
1.81

Income from discontinued operations (Note 19)
$
0.06

 
$
0.08

 
$
0.06

Net income
$
2.34

 
$
2.42

 
$
1.87


The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

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MINE SAFETY APPLIANCES COMPANY
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
 
Year ended December 31,
(In thousands)
2013
 
2012
 
2011
Net income
$
88,049

 
$
91,761

 
$
70,045

Foreign currency translation adjustments
(7,281
)
 
3,846

 
(15,980
)
Pension and post-retirement plan adjustments (Note 13)
54,951

 
(28,018
)
 
(44,218
)
Comprehensive income
135,719

 
67,589

 
9,847

Comprehensive loss (income) attributable to noncontrolling interests
1,331

 
(840
)
 
1,137

Comprehensive income attributable to Mine Safety Appliances
137,050

 
66,749

 
10,984


The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.


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MINE SAFETY APPLIANCES COMPANY
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET 
 
December 31,
(In thousands, except share amounts)
2013
 
2012
Assets
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
96,265

 
$
82,718

Trade receivables, less allowance for doubtful accounts of $7,306 and $7,402
200,364

 
191,289

Inventories (Note 3)
136,837

 
136,300

Deferred tax assets (Note 9)
22,458

 
17,727

Income taxes receivable
9,181

 
6,342

Prepaid expenses and other current assets (Note 16)
35,861

 
29,172

Total current assets
500,966

 
463,548

 
 
 
 
Property, plant, and equipment (Note 4)
152,755

 
147,465

Prepaid pension cost (Note 13)
121,054

 
42,818

Deferred tax assets (Note 9)
14,996

 
17,018

Goodwill (Note 12)
260,134

 
258,400

Intangible assets (Note 12)
35,029

 
38,648

Other noncurrent assets
149,336

 
143,849

Total assets
1,234,270

 
1,111,746

 
 
 
 
Liabilities
 
 
 
Notes payable and current portion of long-term debt (Note 11)
$
7,500

 
$
6,823

Accounts payable
66,902

 
59,519

Employees’ compensation
38,164

 
41,602

Insurance and product liability
14,251

 
15,025

Taxes on income (Note 9)
3,662

 
4,389

Other current liabilities
61,085

 
61,442

Total current liabilities
191,564

 
188,800

 
 
 
 
Long-term debt (Note 11)
260,667

 
272,333

Pensions and other employee benefits (Note 13)
152,084

 
151,536

Deferred tax liabilities (Note 9)
49,621

 
17,249

Other noncurrent liabilities
7,987

 
11,124

Total liabilities
661,923

 
641,042

Commitments and Contingencies (Note 18)

 

 
 
 
 
Shareholders' Equity
 
 
 
Preferred stock, 4 1/2% cumulative, $50 par value (Note 6)
3,569

 
3,569

Common stock, no par value (Note 6)
132,055

 
112,135

Stock compensation trust (Note 10)
(1,585
)
 
(3,891
)
Treasury shares, at cost (Note 6)
(281,524
)
 
(269,739
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(78,269
)
 
(127,072
)
Retained earnings
792,206

 
747,953

Total shareholders’ equity
566,452

 
462,955

Noncontrolling interests
5,895

 
7,749

Total shareholders’ equity
572,347

 
470,704

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity
1,234,270

 
1,111,746

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.


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MINE SAFETY APPLIANCES COMPANY
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS
 
Year ended December 31,
(In thousands)
2013
 
2012
 
2011
Operating Activities
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
$
88,049

 
$
91,761

 
$
70,045

Depreciation and amortization
30,764

 
31,702

 
32,866

Pensions (Note 13)
12,268

 
3,673

 
(4,967
)
Net gain from investing activities—asset disposals (Note 14)
(436
)
 
(8,396
)
 
(3,328
)
Stock-based compensation (Note 10)
10,337

 
10,010

 
7,732

Deferred income tax provision (Note 9)
(3,234
)
 
213

 
8,800

Other noncurrent assets and liabilities
(18,162
)
 
(14,104
)
 
(24,130
)
Currency exchange losses, net
5,127

 
3,151

 
2,511

Excess tax benefit related to stock plans (Note 6)
(2,246
)
 
(2,799
)
 
(632
)
Other, net
4,386

 
1,103

 
(1,335
)
Operating cash flow before changes in certain working capital items
126,853

 
116,314

 
87,562

(Increase) decrease in trade receivables
(13,171
)
 
2,346

 
(217
)
(Increase) decrease in inventories (Note 3)
(6,296
)
 
2,677

 
(1,230
)
Increase (decrease) in accounts payable and accrued liabilities
10,732

 
17,776

 
(398
)
(Increase) decrease in income taxes receivable, prepaid expenses and other current assets
(7,337
)
 
11,363

 
(459
)
(Increase) decrease in certain working capital items
(16,072
)
 
34,162

 
(2,304
)
Cash Flow From Operating Activities
110,781

 
150,476

 
85,258

Investing Activities
 
 
 
 
 
Capital expenditures
(36,517
)
 
(32,209
)
 
(30,390
)
Property disposals
1,360

 
20,193

 
18,687

Other investing

 
(5,269
)
 

Cash Flow From Investing Activities
(35,157
)
 
(17,285
)
 
(11,703
)
Financing Activities
 
 
 
 
 
Proceeds from (payments on) short-term debt, net (Note 11)
662

 
(128
)
 
137

Payments on long-term debt (Note 11)
(306,766
)
 
(246,500
)
 
(199,000
)
Proceeds from long-term debt (Note 11)
295,100

 
183,500

 
164,000

Restricted cash
(2,790
)
 

 

Cash dividends paid
(43,994
)
 
(50,990
)
 
(37,741
)
Distributions to noncontrolling interests
(556
)
 

 

Company stock purchases (Note 6)
(11,785
)
 
(3,508
)
 
(624
)
Exercise of stock options (Note 6)
9,643

 
4,306

 
1,316

Excess tax benefit related to stock plans (Note 6)
2,246

 
2,799

 
632

Cash Flow From Financing Activities
(58,240
)
 
(110,521
)
 
(71,280
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
(3,837
)
 
110

 
(2,097
)
Increase in cash and cash equivalents
13,547

 
22,780

 
178

Beginning cash and cash equivalents
82,718

 
59,938

 
59,760

Ending cash and cash equivalents
96,265

 
82,718

 
59,938

Supplemental cash flow information:
 
 
 
 
 
Interest payments
$
10,884

 
$
10,772

 
$
13,969

Income tax payments
36,242

 
29,807

 
21,739

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

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MINE SAFETY APPLIANCES COMPANY
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN RETAINED EARNINGS AND
ACCUMULATED OTHER COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
(In thousands)
Retained
Earnings
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
(Loss)
Balances January 1, 2011
$
676,195

 
$
(44,316
)
Net income
70,045

 

Foreign currency translation adjustments

 
(15,980
)
Pension and post-retirement plan adjustments, net of tax of $28,636

 
(44,218
)
(Income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests
(193
)
 
1,330

Common dividends
(37,699
)
 

Preferred dividends
(42
)
 

Balances December 31, 2011
708,306

 
(103,184
)
Net income
91,761

 

Foreign currency translation adjustments

 
3,846

Pension and post-retirement plan adjustments, net of tax of $11,364

 
(28,018
)
(Income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests
(1,124
)
 
284

Common dividends
(50,948
)
 

Preferred dividends
(42
)
 

Balances December 31, 2012
747,953

 
(127,072
)
Net income
88,049

 

Foreign currency translation adjustments

 
(7,281
)
Pension and post-retirement plan adjustments, net of tax of $30,849

 
54,951

Loss attributable to noncontrolling interests
198

 
1,133

Common dividends
(43,952
)
 

Preferred dividends
(42
)
 

Balances December 31, 2013
792,206

 
(78,269
)

Components of accumulated other comprehensive loss are as follows:
 
December 31,
(In thousands)
2013
 
2012
 
2011
Cumulative translation adjustments
$
(1,189
)
 
$
4,959

 
$
829

Pension and post-retirement plan adjustments (Note 13)
(77,080
)
 
(132,031
)
 
(104,013
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(78,269
)
 
(127,072
)
 
(103,184
)

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.


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Table of Contents

MINE SAFETY APPLIANCES COMPANY
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Note 1—Significant Accounting Policies
Basis of Presentation—The Consolidated Financial Statements of Mine Safety Appliances Company are prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (GAAP) and require management to make certain judgments, estimates, and assumptions. These may affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements. They also may affect the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates upon subsequent resolution of identified matters. Certain amounts in previously issued financial statements were reclassified to conform to the 2013 presentation. See Note 19 for further information regarding Discontinued Operations.
Principles of Consolidation—The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the company and all subsidiaries. Intercompany accounts and transactions are eliminated.
Noncontrolling Interests—Noncontrolling interests reflect noncontrolling shareholders’ investments in certain consolidated subsidiaries and their proportionate share of the income and accumulated other comprehensive income of those subsidiaries.
Currency Translation—The functional currency of all significant non-U.S. subsidiaries is the local currency. Assets and liabilities of these operations are translated at year-end exchange rates. Income statement accounts are translated using the average exchange rates for the reporting period. Translation adjustments for these companies are reported as a component of shareholders’ equity and are not included in income. Foreign currency transaction gains and losses are included in net income for the reporting period.
Cash Equivalents—Cash equivalents include temporary deposits with financial institutions and highly liquid investments with original maturities of 90 days or less.
Restricted Cash—Restricted cash, which is designated for use other than current operations is included in the Prepaid Expenses and Other Current Assets in the Consolidated Balance Sheet. Restricted cash balances were $2.8 million at December 31, 2013 and were used to support letter of credit balances. The Company did not have restricted cash at December 31, 2012 or 2011.
Inventories—Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market. Most U.S. inventories are valued on the last-in, first-out (LIFO) cost method. Other inventories are valued on the average cost method or at standard costs which approximate actual costs.
Property and Depreciation—Property is recorded at cost. Depreciation is computed using straight-line and accelerated methods over the estimated useful lives of the assets, generally as follows: buildings 20 to 40 years and machinery and equipment 3 to 10 years. Expenditures for significant renewals and improvements are capitalized. Ordinary repairs and maintenance are expensed as incurred. Gains or losses on property dispositions are included in other income and the cost and related depreciation are removed from the accounts. Depreciation expense for the years ended December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011 was $27.1 million, $27.5 million and $27.1 million, respectively. Properties, plants, and equipment are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of such assets may not be recoverable. Recoverability of assets is determined by comparing the estimated undiscounted net cash flows of the operations related to the assets to their carrying amount. An impairment loss would be recognized when the carrying amount of the assets exceeds the estimated undiscounted net cash flows. The amount of the impairment loss to be recorded is calculated as the excess of the carrying value of the assets over their fair value, with fair value determined using the best information available, which generally is a discounted cash flow model.
Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets—Intangible assets are amortized on a straight-line basis over their useful lives. Intangible assets are reviewed for possible impairment whenever circumstances change such that the recorded value of the asset may not be recoverable. Goodwill is not amortized, but is subject to impairment write-down tests. We test the goodwill of each of our reporting units for impairment at least annually. The annual goodwill impairment tests are performed as of September 30 each year. All goodwill is assigned to reporting units. For this purpose, we consider our operating segments to be our reporting units. We test goodwill for impairment by either performing a qualitative evaluation or a two-step quantitative test. The qualitative evaluation is an assessment of various factors to determine whether it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying value, including goodwill.

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Factors considered as part of the qualitative assessment include entity-specific industry, market and general economic conditions. We may elect to bypass the qualitative assessment for some or all of our reporting units and perform a two-step quantitative test. Quantitative testing involves estimating a reporting unit’s fair value. We estimate reporting unit fair value using discounted cash flow methodologies. There has been no impairment of our goodwill as of December 31, 2013.
Revenue Recognition—Revenue from the sale of products is recognized when title, ownership and the risk of loss have transferred to the customer, which generally occurs either when product is shipped to the customer or, in the case of most U.S. distributor customers, when product is delivered to the customer’s delivery site. We establish our shipping terms according to local practice and market characteristics. We do not ship product unless we have an order or other documentation authorizing shipment to our customers. We make appropriate provisions for uncollectible accounts receivable and product returns, both of which have historically been insignificant in relation to our net sales. Certain distributor customers receive price rebates based on their level of purchases and other performance criteria that are documented in established distributor programs. These rebates are accrued as a reduction of net sales as they are earned by the customer.
Shipping and Handling—Shipping and handling expenses for products sold to customers are charged to cost of products sold as incurred. Amounts billed to customers for shipping and handling are included in net sales.
Product Warranties—Estimated expenses related to product warranties and additional service actions are charged to cost of products sold in the period in which the related revenue is recognized or when significant product quality issues are identified.
Research and Development—Research and development costs are expensed as incurred.
Income Taxes—Deferred income taxes are provided for temporary differences between financial and tax reporting. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates in effect for the year in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. If it is more likely than not that some portion or all of a deferred tax asset will not be realized, a valuation allowance is recognized. We record tax benefits related to uncertain tax positions taken or expected to be taken on a tax return when such benefits meet a more likely than not threshold. We recognize interest related to unrecognized tax benefits in interest expense and penalties in operating expenses. No provision is made for possible U.S. taxes on the undistributed earnings of foreign subsidiaries that are considered to be reinvested indefinitely.
Stock-Based Compensation—We account for stock-based compensation in accordance with the FASB guidance on share-based payment, which requires that we recognize compensation expense for employee and non-employee director stock-based compensation based on the grant date fair value. Except for retirement-eligible participants, for whom there is no requisite service period, this expense is recognized ratably over the requisite service periods following the date of grant. For retirement-eligible participants, this expense is recognized at the grant date.
Derivative Instruments—We may use derivative instruments to minimize the effects of changes in currency exchange rates. We do not enter into derivative transactions for speculative purposes and do not hold derivative instruments for trading purposes. Changes in the fair value of derivative instruments designated as fair value hedges are recorded in the balance sheet as adjustments to the underlying hedged asset or liability. Changes in the fair value of derivative instruments that do not qualify for hedge accounting treatment are recognized in the income statement as currency exchange (income) loss in the current period.
Commitments and Contingencies—For asserted claims and assessments, liabilities are recorded when an unfavorable outcome of a matter is deemed to be probable and the loss is reasonably estimable. Management determines the likelihood of an unfavorable outcome based on many factors such as the nature of the matter, available defenses and case strategy, progress of the matter, views and opinions of legal counsel and other advisors, applicability and success of appeals processes, and the outcome of similar historical matters, among others. Once an unfavorable outcome is deemed probable, management weighs the probability of estimated losses, and the most reasonable loss estimate is recorded. If an unfavorable outcome of a matter is deemed to be reasonably possible, then the matter is disclosed and no liability is recorded. With respect to unasserted claims or assessments, management must first determine that the probability that an assertion will be made is likely, then, a determination as to the likelihood of an unfavorable outcome and the ability to reasonably estimate the potential loss is made. Legal matters are reviewed on a continuous basis to determine if there has been a change in management’s judgment regarding the likelihood of an unfavorable outcome or the estimate of a potential loss.

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Table of Contents

Discontinued Operations and Assets Held For Sale—For those businesses where management has committed to a plan to divest, each business is valued at the lower of its carrying amount or estimated fair value less cost to sell. If the carrying amount of the business exceeds its estimated fair value, an impairment loss is recognized. Fair value is estimated using accepted valuation techniques such as a DCF model, valuations performed by third parties, earnings multiples, or indicative bids, when available. A number of significant estimates and assumptions are involved in the application of these techniques, including the forecasting of markets and market share, sales volumes and prices, costs and expenses, and multiple other factors. Management considers historical experience and all available information at the time the estimates are made; however, the fair value that is ultimately realized upon the divestiture of a business may differ from the estimated fair value reflected in the Consolidated Financial Statements. Depreciation and amortization expense is not recorded on assets of a business to be divested once they are classified as held for sale.
For businesses classified as discontinued operations, the results of operations are reclassified from their historical presentation to discontinued operations on the Consolidated Statement of Income, for all periods presented. The gains or losses associated with these divested businesses are recorded in discontinued operations on the Consolidated Statement of Income. Additionally, segment information does not include the operating results of businesses classified as discontinued operations for all periods presented. Management does not expect any continuing involvement with these businesses following their divestiture, and these businesses are expected to be disposed of within one year.
Recently Adopted and Recently Issued Accounting Standards—In July, 2013, the FASB issued ASU 2013-11, Presentation of an Unrecognized Tax Benefit When a Net Operating Loss Carryforward, a Similar Tax Loss, or a Tax Credit Carryforward Exists. This ASU requires an unrecognized tax benefit, or a portion of an unrecognized tax benefit, to be presented in the financial statements as a reduction to a deferred tax asset for a net operating loss carryforward, a similar tax loss, or a tax credit carryforward. The ASU will be effective beginning in 2014. The adoption of this ASU will not have a material effect on our consolidated statements.
In March 2013, FASB issued ASU 2013-05, Parent's Accounting for the Cumulative Translation Adjustment upon Derecognition of Certain Subsidiaries or Groups of Assets within a Foreign Entity or of an Investment in a Foreign Entity. This ASU 2013-05 addresses the accounting for the cumulative translation adjustment when a parent either sells a part or all of its investment in a foreign entity or no longer holds a controlling financial interest in a subsidiary or group of assets that is a business within a foreign entity. The guidance outlines the events when cumulative translation adjustments should be released into net income. This ASU will be effective beginning in 2014. The adoption of this ASU may have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements, in the event that we were to divest of a foreign affiliate.
In February 2013, the FASB issued ASU 2013-02, Comprehensive Income-Reporting of Amounts Reclassified Out of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income. This ASU requires additional information about the amounts reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income by component. The adoption of this ASU on January 1, 2013 did not have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.
Note 2—Restructuring and Other Charges
During the years ended December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011, we recorded restructuring charges of $5.3 million, $2.8 million and $8.6 million, respectively. These charges were primarily related to reorganization activities.
For the year ended December 31, 2013, European segment charges of $3.0 million were primarily related to staff reductions in Germany and the Netherlands. $1.7 million of the European restructuring charges are accrued at December 31, 2013 and are expected to be paid in the next year. International segment charges of $2.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2013 were primarily related to staff reductions in Australia and South Africa and were paid out in cash in 2013.
For the year ended December 31, 2012, North American, European and International segment charges of $1.5 million, $1.1 million and $0.2 million, respectively, were primarily related to severance costs associated with staff reductions. At December 31, 2012, the North American, European and International segments each had accrued restructuring charges of $0.3 million, $2.5 million and $0.2 million, respectively.
For the year ended December 31, 2011, European segment charges of $5.8 million related primarily to staff reductions and the transfer of certain production activities to China. $4.3 million of the European restructuring charges were accrued at December 31, 2011. North American segment charges for the year ended December 31, 2011 of $1.7 million included costs associated with the relocation of certain administrative and production activities. International segment charges for the year ended December 31, 2011 of $1.1 million were primarily related to severance costs associated with the relocation of our Wuxi, China operations to Suzhou, China.

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Table of Contents

Note 3—Inventories 
 
December 31,
(In thousands)
2013
 
2012
Finished products
$
74,466

 
$
72,658

Work in process
8,108

 
13,473

Raw materials and supplies
54,263

 
50,169

Total inventories
136,837

 
136,300

Excess of FIFO costs over LIFO costs
44,670

 
46,519

Total FIFO inventories
181,507

 
182,819

Inventories stated on the LIFO basis represent 15% and 16% of total inventories at December 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively.
Reductions in certain inventory quantities during the years ended December 31, 2013 and 2012 resulted in liquidations of LIFO inventories carried at lower costs prevailing in prior years. The effect of LIFO liquidations during 2013 reduced cost of sales by $2.1 million and increased net income by $1.4 million. The effect of LIFO liquidations during 2012 reduced cost of sales by $0.8 million and increased net income by $0.5 million.
Note 4—Property, Plant, and Equipment
 
December 31,
(In thousands)
2013
 
2012
Land
$
3,835

 
$
5,267

Buildings
110,534

 
107,082

Machinery and equipment
349,667

 
334,951

Construction in progress
16,364

 
10,444

Total
480,400

 
457,744

Less accumulated depreciation
(327,645
)
 
(310,279
)
Net property
152,755

 
147,465

Note 5—Reclassifications Out of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
 
Year ended December 31,
(In thousands)
2013
 
2012
 
2011
Amortization of prior service cost
$
(322
)
 
$
(353
)
 
$
(351
)
Recognized net actuarial losses
13,875

 
6,764

 
1,503

Total reclassifications
13,553

 
6,411

 
1,152

Tax benefit
5,066

 
2,469

 
411

Total reclassifications, net of tax
8,487

 
3,942

 
741

Note 6—Capital Stock
Preferred Stock - The Company has authorized 100,000 shares of $50 par value 4.5% cumulative preferred nonvoting stock which is callable at $52.50. There are 71,373 shares issued and 52,878 shares held in treasury at December 31, 2013. There were no treasury purchases of preferred stock during the three years ended December 31, 2013. The Company has also authorized 1,000,000 shares of $10 par value second cumulative preferred voting stock. No shares have been issued as of December 31, 2013.
Common Stock - The Company has authorized 180,000,000 shares of no par value common stock. There were 37,202,099 and 37,007,799 shares outstanding at December 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012, respectively. Common stock activity is summarized as follows:

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Table of Contents

 
Shares
 
Dollars
(Dollars in thousands)
Issued
 
Stock
Compensation
Trust
 
Treasury
 
Common
Stock
 
Stock
Compensation
Trust
 
Treasury
Cost
Balances January 1, 2011
62,081,391

 
(1,360,714
)
 
(24,200,951
)
 
$
88,629

 
$
(7,103
)
 
$
(263,855
)
Restricted stock awards

 
103,815

 

 
(542
)
 
542

 

Restricted stock expense

 

 

 
4,376

 

 

Restricted stock forfeitures

 

 
(7,469
)
 
(6
)
 

 

Stock options exercised

 
94,115

 

 
825

 
491

 

Stock option expense

 

 

 
2,343

 

 

Performance stock expense

 

 

 
1,019

 

 

Tax benefit related to stock plans

 

 

 
632

 

 

Treasury shares purchased

 

 
(17,597
)
 

 

 
(624
)
Balances December 31, 2011
62,081,391

 
(1,162,784
)
 
(24,226,017
)
 
97,276

 
(6,070
)
 
(264,479
)
Restricted stock awards

 
136,295

 

 
(711
)
 
711

 

Restricted stock expense

 

 

 
4,891

 

 

Restricted stock forfeitures

 

 
(10,815
)
 
(147
)
 

 

Stock options exercised

 
223,022

 

 
3,141

 
1,165

 

Stock option expense

 

 

 
2,435

 

 

Performance stock issued

 
58,037

 

 
(303
)
 
303

 

Performance stock expense

 

 

 
2,831

 

 

Tax benefit related to stock plans

 

 

 
2,799

 

 

Treasury shares purchased

 

 
(91,330
)
 

 

 
(3,508
)
Other, net

 

 

 
(77
)
 

 

Balances December 31, 2012<