10Q - Q3 2014


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549 
FORM 10-Q
 
QUARTERLY REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF
THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarter ended September 30, 2014
Commission File No. 1-15579
 
MSA SAFETY INCORPORATED
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Pennsylvania
 
 46-4914539

(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(IRS Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
1000 Cranberry Woods Drive
Cranberry Township, Pennsylvania
 
16066-5207
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (724) 776-8600
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x   No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filer  x
 
Accelerated filer   ¨
 
Non-accelerated filer   ¨
 
Smaller reporting company  ¨
 
 
 
 
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).     Yes  ¨    No  x
As of October 20, 2014, 37,439,243 shares of common stock, of the registrant were outstanding.




PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements
MSA SAFETY INCORPORATED
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF INCOME
Unaudited
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
(In thousands, except per share amounts)
 
2014
 
2013
 
2014
 
2013
Net sales
 
$
275,159

 
$
264,884

 
$
822,697

 
$
820,629

Other income, net
 
585

 
638

 
986

 
1,015

 
 
275,744

 
265,522

 
823,683

 
821,644

Costs and expenses
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of products sold
 
151,436

 
149,458

 
447,489

 
453,835

Selling, general and administrative
 
77,301

 
71,390

 
245,377

 
232,097

Research and development
 
13,420

 
12,298

 
36,604

 
34,280

Restructuring and other charges (Note 4)
 
3,640

 
1,515

 
6,397

 
3,942

Interest expense
 
2,493

 
2,741

 
7,617

 
8,151

Currency exchange losses, net
 
315

 
1,836

 
358

 
4,148

 
 
248,605

 
239,238

 
743,842

 
736,453

Income from continuing operations before income taxes
 
27,139

 
26,284

 
79,841

 
85,191

Provision for income taxes (Note 10)
 
8,699

 
7,750

 
26,056

 
24,675

 
 


 
 
 
 
 
 
Income from continuing operations
 
18,440

 
18,534

 
53,785

 
60,516

Income from discontinued operations (Note 18)
 
765

 
643

 
1,832

 
2,447

Net income
 
19,205

 
19,177

 
55,617

 
62,963

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss (income) attributable to noncontrolling interests
 
100

 
324

 
202

 
(127
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income attributable to MSA Safety Incorporated
 
19,305

 
19,501

 
55,819

 
62,836

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Amounts attributable to MSA Safety Incorporated common shareholders:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income from continuing operations
 
18,674

 
18,987

 
54,328

 
60,929

Income from discontinued operations (Note 18)
 
631

 
514

 
1,491

 
1,907

Net income
 
19,305

 
19,501

 
55,819

 
62,836

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings per share attributable to MSA Safety Incorporated common shareholders:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income from continuing operations
 
$
0.50

 
$
0.51

 
$
1.45

 
$
1.64

Income from discontinued operations (Note 18)
 
$
0.02

 
$
0.01

 
$
0.04

 
$
0.05

Net income
 
$
0.52

 
$
0.52

 
$
1.49

 
$
1.69

Diluted
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income from continuing operations
 
$
0.49

 
$
0.51

 
$
1.43

 
$
1.61

Income from discontinued operations (Note 18)
 
$
0.02

 
$
0.01

 
$
0.04

 
$
0.05

Net income
 
$
0.51

 
$
0.52

 
$
1.47

 
$
1.66

Dividends per common share
 
$
0.31

 
$
0.30

 
$
0.92

 
$
0.88

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

-2-



MSA SAFETY INCORPORATED
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
Unaudited
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
(In thousands)
 
2014
 
2013
 
2014
 
2013
Net income
 
$
19,205

 
$
19,177

 
$
55,617

 
$
62,963

Foreign currency translation adjustments
 
(20,563
)
 
6,158

 
(21,467
)
 
(7,068
)
Pension and post-retirement plan adjustments, net of tax
 
1,418

 
2,107

 
5,718

 
6,321

Total other comprehensive (loss) income, net of tax
 
(19,145
)
 
8,265

 
(15,749
)
 
(747
)
Comprehensive income
 
60

 
27,442

 
39,868

 
62,216

Comprehensive loss attributable to noncontrolling interests
 
380

 
320

 
624

 
790

Comprehensive income attributable to MSA Safety Incorporated
 
440

 
27,762

 
40,492

 
63,006

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

-3-



MSA SAFETY INCORPORATED
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET
Unaudited 
(In thousands, except share amounts)
 
September 30, 2014
 
December 31, 2013
Assets
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
97,355

 
$
96,265

Trade receivables, less allowance for doubtful accounts of $7,314 and $7,306
 
200,634

 
200,364

Inventories (Note 3)
 
145,217

 
136,837

Deferred tax assets (Note 10)
 
20,136

 
22,458

Prepaid income taxes
 
9,580

 
9,181

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
 
28,394

 
35,861

Total current assets
 
501,316

 
500,966

 
 
 
 
 
Property, plant and equipment (Note 5)
 
152,377

 
152,755

Prepaid pension cost
 
130,414

 
121,054

Deferred tax assets (Note 10)
 
16,523

 
14,996

Goodwill (Note 13)
 
255,049

 
260,134

Intangible assets (Note 13)
 
31,909

 
35,029

Other noncurrent assets
 
172,717

 
149,336

Total assets
 
1,260,305

 
1,234,270

 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities
 
 
 
 
Notes payable and current portion of long-term debt (Note 12)
 
$
6,671

 
$
7,500

Accounts payable
 
67,253

 
66,902

Employees’ compensation
 
42,520

 
38,164

Insurance and product liability
 
14,339

 
14,251

Tax liabilities (Note 10)
 
4,582

 
3,662

Other current liabilities
 
58,965

 
61,085

Total current liabilities
 
194,330

 
191,564

 
 
 
 
 
Long-term debt (Note 12)
 
270,667

 
260,667

Pensions and other employee benefits
 
146,344

 
152,084

Deferred tax liabilities (Note 10)
 
48,365

 
49,621

Other noncurrent liabilities
 
10,941

 
7,987

Total liabilities
 
670,647

 
661,923

Commitments and contingencies (Note 17)
 

 

 
 
 
 
 
Equity
 
 
 
 
Preferred stock, 4 1/2% cumulative, $50 par value (Note 7)
 
3,569

 
3,569

Common stock, no par value (Note 7)
 
146,808

 
132,055

Stock compensation trust (Note 7)
 

 
(1,585
)
Treasury shares, at cost (Note 7)
 
(286,461
)
 
(281,524
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
 
(93,596
)
 
(78,269
)
Retained earnings
 
813,982

 
792,206

Total MSA Safety Incorporated shareholders' equity
 
584,302

 
566,452

Noncontrolling interests
 
5,356

 
5,895

Total shareholders’ equity
 
589,658

 
572,347

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity
 
1,260,305

 
1,234,270

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

-4-



MSA SAFETY INCORPORATED
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS
Unaudited
 
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
(In thousands)
 
2014
 
2013
Operating Activities
 
 
 
 
Net income
 
$
55,617

 
$
62,963

Depreciation and amortization
 
22,311

 
23,392

Pensions (Note 14)
 
4,206

 
8,639

Net gain from investing activities—disposal of assets
 

 
(505
)
Stock-based compensation (Note 11)
 
7,887

 
9,147

Deferred income tax benefit (Note 10)
 
(1,121
)
 
(802
)
Other noncurrent assets and liabilities
 
(27,853
)
 
(23,881
)
Currency exchange losses, net
 
295

 
3,845

Excess tax benefit related to stock plans
 
(2,436
)
 
(1,490
)
Other, net
 
(2,262
)
 
1,689

Operating cash flow before changes in certain working capital items
 
56,644

 
82,997

(Increase) in trade receivables
 
(7,263
)
 
(6,855
)
(Increase) in inventories (Note 3)
 
(16,192
)
 
(12,321
)
Increase in accounts payable and accrued liabilities
 
11,777

 
9,061

Decrease (increase) in income taxes receivable, prepaid expenses and other current assets
 
5,836

 
(8,176
)
(Increase) in certain working capital items
 
(5,842
)
 
(18,291
)
Cash Flow From Operating Activities
 
50,802

 
64,706

Investing Activities
 
 
 
 
Capital expenditures
 
(24,233
)
 
(26,214
)
Property disposals and other investing
 

 
1,333

Cash Flow From Investing Activities
 
(24,233
)
 
(24,881
)
Financing Activities
 
 
 
 
(Payments on) proceeds from short-term debt, net (Note 12)
 
(829
)
 
284

Proceeds from long-term debt (Note 12)
 
356,000

 
233,100

(Payments on) long-term debt (Note 12)
 
(346,000
)
 
(223,100
)
Restricted cash
 
499

 

Cash dividends paid
 
(34,043
)
 
(32,694
)
Distributions to noncontrolling interests
 

 
(556
)
Company stock purchases
 
(5,396
)
 
(11,253
)
Exercise of stock options
 
6,474

 
9,138

Excess tax benefit related to stock plans
 
2,436

 
1,490

Cash Flow From Financing Activities
 
(20,859
)
 
(23,591
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
 
(4,620
)
 
(2,942
)
Increase in cash and cash equivalents
 
1,090

 
13,292

Beginning cash and cash equivalents
 
96,265

 
82,718

Ending cash and cash equivalents
 
97,355

 
96,010

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

-5-



MSA SAFETY INCORPORATED
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN RETAINED EARNINGS AND
ACCUMULATED OTHER COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
Unaudited
(In thousands)
Retained
Earnings
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
(Loss)
Balances June 30, 2013
$
769,755

 
$
(135,163
)
Net income
19,177

 

Foreign currency translation adjustments

 
6,158

Pension and post-retirement plan adjustments net of tax of $1,275

 
2,107

Loss (income) attributable to noncontrolling interests
324

 
(4
)
Common dividends
(11,151
)
 

Preferred dividends
(10
)
 

Balances September 30, 2013
778,095

 
(126,902
)
 
 
 
 
Balances June 30, 2014
806,219

 
(74,731
)
Net income
19,205

 

Foreign currency translation adjustments

 
(20,563
)
Pension and post-retirement plan adjustments, net of tax of $805

 
1,418

Loss attributable to noncontrolling interests
100

 
280

Common dividends
(11,532
)
 

Preferred dividends
(10
)
 

Balances September 30, 2014
813,982

 
(93,596
)
(In thousands)
Retained
Earnings
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
(Loss)
Balances December 31, 2012
$
747,953

 
$
(127,072
)
Net income
62,963

 

Foreign currency translation adjustments

 
(7,068
)
Pension and post-retirement plan adjustments net of tax of $3,831

 
6,321

(Income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests
(127
)
 
917

Common dividends
(32,664
)
 

Preferred dividends
(30
)
 

Balances September 30, 2013
778,095

 
(126,902
)
 
 
 
 
Balances December 31, 2013
792,206

 
(78,269
)
Net income
55,617

 

Foreign currency translation adjustments

 
(21,467
)
Pension and post-retirement plan adjustments, net of tax $3,239

 
5,718

Loss attributable to noncontrolling interests
202

 
422

Common dividends
(34,013
)
 

Preferred dividends
(30
)
 

Balances September 30, 2014
813,982

 
(93,596
)
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

-6-



MSA SAFETY INCORPORATED
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Unaudited
Note 1—Basis of Presentation
The Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements of MSA Safety Incorporated and its subsidiaries ("MSA" or the "Company") are unaudited. These Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements include all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring adjustments, considered necessary by management to fairly state the Company's results. Intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated. The results reported in these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the entire year. The 2013 year-end balance sheet data was derived from the audited financial statements but does not include all disclosures required by generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). This Form 10-Q report should be read in conjunction with MSA's Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013, which includes all disclosures required by GAAP.
Certain amounts in previously issued financial statements were reclassified to conform to the current period presentation. Refer to Note 8 for further information regarding MSA's sales allocation methodology and Note 18 for further information regarding Discontinued Operations.
Note 2— Recently Adopted and Recently Issued Accounting Standards
In April 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-08, Reporting Discontinued Operations and Disclosures of Disposals of an Entity. This ASU amends the definition of a discontinued operation to include a disposal of a component or group of components that is disposed of or is classified as held for sale and represents a strategic shift that has (or will have) a major effect on an entity's operations and financial results. This ASU will be effective beginning in 2015. The adoption of this ASU may have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements in the event that we were to divest of a component that meets the definition of a discontinued operation.
In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09, Revenue with Contracts from Customers. This ASU clarifies the principles for recognizing revenue such that an entity should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. This ASU will be effective beginning in 2017. The Company is currently evaluating the impact that the adoption of this ASU will have on the consolidated financial statements.
In June 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-12, Accounting for Share-Based Payments When the Terms of an Award Provide That a Performance Target Could be Achieved after the Requisite Service Period. This ASU clarifies the accounting treatment for share based payment awards that contain performance targets. This ASU will be effective beginning in 2016. The adoption of this ASU is not expected to have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.
In August 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-15, Presentation of Financial Statements - Going Concern. This ASU clarifies management's responsibility to evaluate whether there is a substantial doubt about the entity's ability to continue as a going concern and provides guidance for related footnote disclosures. This ASU will be effective beginning in 2016. The adoption of this ASU is not expected to have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.
Note 3—Inventories
(In thousands)
 
September 30, 2014
 
December 31, 2013
Finished products
 
$
78,650

 
$
74,466

Work in process
 
10,798

 
8,108

Raw materials and supplies
 
55,769

 
54,263

Total inventories
 
145,217

 
136,837


-7-



Note 4—Restructuring and Other Charges
During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014, we recorded restructuring charges of $3.6 million ($2.5 million after tax) and $6.4 million ($4.3 million after tax), respectively. European segment charges of $3.0 million for the three months ended September 30, 2014 were related to severance costs for workforce reductions in Germany, Italy, and Spain and continued steps to execute our Europe 2.0 initiative. International segment charges of $0.6 million for the three months ended September 30, 2014 were related to severance costs for staff reductions associated with ongoing initiatives to right size our operations in Australia and South Africa.
European segment charges for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 of $4.5 million related primarily to severance from staff reductions in Germany, Italy, and Spain and reorganization costs in Germany. International segment charges for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 of $1.9 million were related to severance from staff reductions in South Africa, Australia and Brazil.
During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2013, we recorded charges of $1.5 million ($1.1 million after tax) and $3.9 million ($2.8 million after tax), respectively. European segment charges of $1.1 million for the three months ended September 30, 2013 primarily related to staff reductions in Germany and the Netherlands. International segment charges of $0.4 million were related to staff reductions in South Africa and Australia.
European segment charges for the nine months ended September 30, 2013 of $2.2 million primarily related to staff reductions in Germany and the Netherlands. International segment charges for the nine months ended September 30, 2013 of $1.7 million were related to staff reductions in Australia.
Activity and reserve balances for restructuring charges by segment were as follows:
(in millions)
North America
Europe
International
Total
Reserve balances at December 31, 2012
$
0.3

$
2.5

$
0.2

$
3.0

Cash payments
(0.3
)
(3.8
)
(2.5
)
(6.6
)
Restructuring charges

3.0

2.3

5.3

Reserve balances at December 31, 2013
$

$
1.7

$

$
1.7

Cash payments

(1.7
)
(1.6
)
(3.3
)
Restructuring charges

4.5

1.9

6.4

Reserve balances at September 30, 2014
$

$
4.5

$
0.3

$
4.8

Note 5—Property, Plant and Equipment
(In thousands)
September 30, 2014
 
December 31, 2013
Land
$
3,634

 
$
3,835

Buildings
110,412

 
110,534

Machinery and equipment
355,999

 
349,667

Construction in progress
19,707

 
16,364

Total
489,752

 
480,400

Less accumulated depreciation
(337,375
)
 
(327,645
)
Net property
152,377

 
152,755


-8-



Note 6—Reclassifications Out of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
The changes in Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss by component were as follows:
 
 
MSA Safety Incorporated
 
Noncontrolling Interests
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2014
 
2013
 
2014
 
2013
Pension and other postretirement benefits
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at beginning of period
 
$
(72,780
)
 
$
(127,817
)
 
$

 
$

Amounts reclassified from Accumulated other comprehensive loss:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Amortization of prior service cost
 
(63
)
 
(80
)
 

 

Recognized net actuarial losses
 
2,286

 
3,462

 

 

Tax benefit
 
(805
)
 
(1,275
)
 

 

Total amount reclassified from Accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of tax
 
1,418

 
2,107

 

 

Balance at end of period
 
$
(71,362
)
 
$
(125,710
)
 
$

 
$

Foreign Currency Translation
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at beginning of period
 
$
(1,951
)
 
$
(7,346
)
 
$
(1,744
)
 
$
(1,390
)
Foreign currency translation adjustments
 
(20,283
)
 
6,154

 
(280
)
 
4

Balance at end of period
 
$
(22,234
)
 
$
(1,192
)
 
$
(2,024
)
 
$
(1,386
)
 
 
MSA Safety Incorporated
 
Noncontrolling Interests
 
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2014
 
2013
 
2014
 
2013
Pension and other postretirement benefits
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at beginning of period
 
$
(77,080
)
 
$
(132,031
)
 
$

 
$

Amounts reclassified from Accumulated other comprehensive loss:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Amortization of prior service cost
 
(189
)
 
(240
)
 

 

Recognized net actuarial losses
 
9,146

 
10,392

 

 

Tax benefit
 
(3,239
)
 
(3,831
)
 

 

Total amount reclassified from Accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of tax
 
5,718

 
6,321

 

 

Balance at end of period
 
$
(71,362
)
 
$
(125,710
)
 
$

 
$

Foreign Currency Translation
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at beginning of period
 
$
(1,189
)
 
$
4,959

 
$
(1,602
)
 
$
(469
)
Foreign currency translation adjustments
 
(21,045
)
 
(6,151
)
 
(422
)
 
(917
)
Balance at end of period
 
$
(22,234
)
 
$
(1,192
)
 
$
(2,024
)
 
$
(1,386
)
The reclassifications out of accumulated other comprehensive loss are included in the computation of net periodic pension and other post-retirement benefit costs (see Note 14—Pensions and Other Post-Retirement Benefits).
Note 7—Capital Stock
Preferred Stock - The Company has authorized 100,000 shares of $50 par value 4.5% cumulative preferred nonvoting stock which is callable at $52.50. There are 71,373 shares issued and 52,878 shares held in treasury at September 30, 2014. There were no treasury purchases of preferred stock during the quarter or nine months ended September 30, 2014. The Company has also authorized 1,000,000 shares of $10 par value second cumulative preferred voting stock. No shares have been issued as of September 30, 2014.

-9-



Common Stock - The Company has authorized 180,000,000 shares of no par value common stock. There were 37,439,243 and 37,202,099 shares outstanding at September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, respectively.
Stock Compensation Trust - The MSA Safety Incorporated Stock Compensation Trust was established to provide shares for certain benefit plans, including the management equity incentive plan. Shares held by the Stock Compensation Trust and the corresponding cost of those shares, were reported as a reduction of common shares issued. Differences between the cost of the shares held by the Stock Compensation Trust and the market value of shares released for stock-related benefits were reflected in common stock issued. The Stock Compensation Trust was depleted at September 30, 2014 and the Company now issues common stock from Treasury Shares. There were 303,668 Stock Compensation Trust shares available at December 31, 2013.
Treasury Shares - In November 2005, the Board of Directors authorized the purchase of up to $100.0 million of MSA common stock either through private transactions or open market transactions. The share purchase program has no expiration date. The maximum shares that may be purchased is calculated based on the dollars remaining under the program and the respective month-end closing share price. We do not have any other share purchase programs. There were 24,642,148 and 24,575,624 Treasury Shares at September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, respectively.
The Company began issuing Treasury Shares for all Board of Director share based benefit plans in April, 2014. The Company subsequently began issuing Treasury Shares for all share based benefit plans when the stock compensation trust was depleted in September 2014. Shares are issued from Treasury at the average Treasury Share cost on the date of the transaction. There were 39,711 Treasury Shares issued for these purposes during the nine months ended September 30, 2014.
Note 8—Segment Information
We are organized into nine geographic operating segments based on management responsibilities. The operating segments have been aggregated (based on economic similarities, the nature of their products, end-user markets and methods of distribution) into three reportable segments: North America, Europe, and International.
The Company's sales are allocated to each country based primarily on the destination of the end-customer. Effective January 1, 2014, the General Monitors business has been fully integrated into MSA. As such, sales made by General Monitors companies now follow a similar allocation methodology by which sales are allocated to each country based on the destination of the end-customer and based on the value added to that order. In prior years, sales made by General Monitors companies were reported as domestic sales based on the country from which the product was shipped. The 2013 results presented below have been restated to reflect this change in allocation methodology.
Reportable segment information is presented in the following table:
(In thousands)
 
North
America
 
Europe
 
International
 
Reconciling
Items
 
Consolidated
Totals
Three Months Ended September 30, 2014
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sales to external customers
 
$
131,844

 
$
75,785

 
$
67,530

 
$

 
$
275,159

Intercompany sales
 
28,654

 
24,424

 
4,050

 
(57,128
)
 

Net income:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Continuing operations
 
18,018

 
2,587

 
2,821

 
(4,752
)
 
18,674

Discontinued operations
 

 

 
631

 

 
631

Nine Months Ended September 30, 2014
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sales to external customers
 
$
400,147

 
$
229,606

 
$
192,944

 
$

 
$
822,697

Intercompany sales
 
87,247

 
81,520

 
12,688

 
(181,455
)
 

Net income:
 


 


 


 


 


Continuing operations
 
49,658

 
13,027

 
9,040

 
(17,397
)
 
54,328

Discontinued operations
 

 

 
1,491

 

 
1,491


-10-



(In thousands)
 
North
America
 
Europe
 
International
 
Reconciling
Items
 
Consolidated
Totals
Three Months Ended September 30, 2013
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sales to external customers
 
$
130,919

 
$
66,360

 
$
67,605

 
$

 
$
264,884

Intercompany sales
 
30,696

 
23,566

 
6,581

 
(60,843
)
 

Net income:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Continuing operations
 
17,001

 
3,141

 
5,004

 
(6,159
)
 
18,987

Discontinued operations
 

 

 
514

 

 
514

Nine Months Ended September 30, 2013
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sales to external customers
 
$
402,539

 
$
207,480

 
$
210,610

 
$

 
$
820,629

Intercompany sales
 
91,037

 
71,235

 
17,497

 
(179,769
)
 

Net income:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


Continuing operations
 
46,638

 
11,734

 
20,570

 
(18,013
)
 
60,929

Discontinued operations
 

 

 
1,907

 

 
1,907

Reconciling items consist primarily of intercompany eliminations and items reported at the corporate level.
Note 9—Earnings per Share
Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing net income, after the deduction of preferred stock dividends and undistributed earnings allocated to participating securities, by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share assumes the issuance of common stock for all potentially dilutive share equivalents outstanding not classified as participating securities. Participating securities are defined as unvested stock-based payment awards that contain nonforfeitable rights to dividends.
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
(In thousands, except per share amounts)
 
2014
 
2013
 
2014
 
2013
Net income attributable to continuing operations
 
$
18,674

 
$
18,987

 
$
54,328

 
$
60,929

Preferred stock dividends
 
(10
)
 
(10
)
 
(30
)
 
(30
)
Income from continuing operations available to common equity
 
18,664

 
18,977

 
54,298

 
60,899

Dividends and undistributed earnings allocated to participating securities
 
(115
)
 
(134
)
 
(342
)
 
(471
)
Income from continuing operations available to common shareholders
 
18,549

 
18,843

 
53,956

 
60,428

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income attributable to discontinued operations
 
$
631

 
$
514

 
$
1,491

 
$
1,907

Preferred stock dividends
 

 

 

 

Income from discontinued operations available to common equity
 
631

 
514

 
1,491

 
1,907

Dividends and undistributed earnings allocated to participating securities
 
(4
)
 
(4
)
 
(9
)
 
(15
)
Income from discontinued operations available to common shareholders
 
627

 
510

 
1,482

 
1,892

 
 
 
 


 
 
 
 
Basic weighted-average shares outstanding
 
37,187

 
36,915

 
37,111

 
36,845

Stock options and other stock compensation
 
597

 
592

 
597

 
593

Diluted weighted-average shares outstanding
 
37,784

 
37,507

 
37,708

 
37,438

Antidilutive stock options
 

 

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings per share attributable to continuing operations:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
$0.50
 
$0.51
 
$1.45
 
$1.64
Diluted
 
$0.49
 
$0.51
 
$1.43
 
$1.61
 
 


 


 
 
 
 
Earnings per share attributable to discontinued operations:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
$0.02
 
$0.01
 
$0.04
 
$0.05
Diluted
 
$0.02
 
$0.01
 
$0.04
 
$0.05

-11-



Note 10—Income Taxes
The effective tax rate for the third quarter of 2014 and 2013 was 32.1% and 29.5%, respectively. The rate for the third quarter of 2014 differs from the U.S. federal statutory rate of 35% primarily due to tax benefits of earnings in low tax foreign jurisdictions. The rate for the third quarter of 2013 differs from the U.S. federal statutory rate of 35% primarily due to the one-time benefit from the recognition of the 2012 research and development tax credit as well as tax benefits of earning income in low tax foreign jurisdictions.
The effective tax rate for the nine month periods of 2014 and 2013 was 32.6% and 29.0%, respectively. The rate for the nine month period of 2014 differs from the U.S. federal statutory rate of 35% primarily due to tax benefits of earning income in low tax foreign jurisdictions. The rate for the nine month period of 2013 differs from the U.S. federal statutory rate of 35% primarily due to the one-time benefit from the recognition of the 2012 research and development tax credit as well as tax benefits of earning income in low tax foreign jurisdictions.
At September 30, 2014, we had a gross liability for unrecognized tax benefit of $9.5 million. We have recognized tax benefits associated with these liabilities of $5.1 million at September 30, 2014. The balance of the gross liability reflects a new amount associated with a foreign tax exposure. This amount is offset by an equal deferred tax asset for the foreign tax credits associated with the exposure.
We recognize interest related to unrecognized tax benefits in interest expense and penalties in operating expenses. Our liability for accrued interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions was $0.9 million at September 30, 2014.
Note 11—Stock Plans
The 2008 Management Equity Incentive Plan provides for various forms of stock-based compensation for eligible employees through May 2018. Management stock-based compensation includes stock options, restricted stock, and performance stock units. The 2008 Non-Employee Directors’ Equity Incentive Plan provides for grants of stock options and restricted stock to non-employee directors through May 2018. Stock options are granted at market value option prices and expire after ten years. Stock options are exercisable beginning three years after the grant date. Restricted stock is granted without payment to the company and generally vests three years after the grant date. Restricted stock is valued at the market value of the stock on the grant date. Performance stock units with a market condition are valued at an estimated fair value using a Monte Carlo model. The final number of shares to be issued for performance stock units may range from zero to 200% of the target award based on achieving the specified performance targets over the performance period. We issue Stock Compensation Trust shares or treasury shares for stock option exercises, restricted stock grants, and performance stock unit grants. Please refer to Note 7 for further information regarding stock compensation share issuance.
Stock compensation expense is as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
(In thousands)
 
2014
 
2013
 
2014
 
2013
Stock compensation expense
 
$
1,077

 
$
1,198

 
$
7,887

 
$
9,147

Income tax benefit
 
381

 
432

 
2,871

 
3,380

Stock compensation expense, net of income tax benefit
 
696

 
766

 
5,016

 
5,767

Stock option expense is based on the fair value of stock option grants estimated on the grant dates using the Black-Scholes option pricing model and the following weighted average assumptions for options granted in 2014.
 
2014
Fair value per option
$
17.26

Risk-free interest rate
2.06
%
Expected dividend yield
2.41
%
Expected volatility
40.50
%
Expected life (years)
6.6

The risk-free interest rate is based on the U.S. Treasury Constant Maturity rates as of the grant date converted into an implied spot rate yield curve. Expected dividend yield is based on the most recent annualized dividend divided by the 1 year average closing share price. Expected volatility is based on the historical volatility using daily stock prices. Expected life is based on historical stock option exercise data.

-12-



A summary of stock option activity for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 follows:
 
 
Shares
 
Weighted Average
Exercise Price
Outstanding at January 1, 2014
 
1,695,380

 
$
34.55

Granted
 
138,519

 
51.69

Exercised
 
(176,937
)
 
36.59

Forfeited
 
(23,524
)
 
38.82

Expired
 
(1,071
)
 
45.68

Outstanding at September 30, 2014
 
1,632,367

 
35.71

Exercisable at September 30, 2014
 
1,161,518

 
31.64

A summary of restricted stock activity for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 follows:
 
 
Shares
 
Weighted Average
Grant Date Fair Value
Unvested at January 1, 2014
 
303,419

 
$
39.79

Granted
 
83,343

 
51.91

Vested
 
(107,824
)
 
34.89

Forfeited
 
(9,408
)
 
44.35

Unvested at September 30, 2014
 
269,530

 
45.34

A summary of performance stock unit activity for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 follows:
 
 
Shares
 
Weighted Average
Grant Date Fair Value
Unvested at January 1, 2014
 
149,389

 
$
46.32

Granted
 
46,242

 
57.42

Performance adjustments
 
41,428

 
39.42

Vested
 
(91,696
)
 
39.19

Forfeited
 
(1,402
)
 
48.85

Unvested at September 30, 2014
 
143,961

 
52.42

The performance adjustments above relate to the final number of shares issued for the 2011 Management Performance Units, which were 200% of the target award based on Total Shareholder Return during the three year performance period, and vested in the first quarter of 2014.
Note 12—Long-Term Debt
(In thousands)
September 30, 2014
 
December 31, 2013
Industrial development debt issues payable through 2022, 0.30%
$

 
$
4,000

2006 Senior Notes payable through 2021, 5.41%
53,334

 
53,334

2010 Senior Notes payable through 2021, 4.00%
100,000

 
100,000

Senior revolving credit facility maturing in 2019
124,000

 
110,000

Total
277,334

 
267,334

Amounts due within one year
6,667

 
6,667

Long-term debt
270,667

 
260,667

The Company completed a legal Reorganization on March 7, 2014. The Company's existing debt agreements, including its senior revolving credit facility and note purchase agreements were revised to reflect the changes in the Company's legal structure.

-13-



In connection with the legal Reorganization, the Company amended its unsecured senior revolving credit facility and extended the term of the facility until March 2019. The senior revolving facility provides for borrowings up to $300.0 million, with sub-limits for the issuance of letters of credit, swingline borrowings and foreign currency denominated borrowings; and may be used for general corporate purposes, including working capital, permitted acquisitions, capital expenditures and repayment of existing indebtedness. The credit agreement also allows the Company to request increases in the aggregate commitments of the lenders of up to an additional $150.0 million. Loans under the revolving facility will bear interest, at a variable rate based on LIBOR or the federal funds rate, at the Company's option. At September 30, 2014, $173.3 million of the $300.0 million senior revolving credit facility was unused including letters of credit.
The Company also entered into a $175.0 million senior unsecured shelf facility with a bank. Under this agreement, the Company may request the bank to purchase additional senior notes from time to time prior to March 7, 2017. The Company would be required to pay the bank an issuance fee in addition to fees defined in the note purchase agreement upon issuance of additional senior notes.
Effective June 2, 2014, The Company entered into an additional $100.0 million note facility with a bank. Under this agreement, the Company may issue senior notes to the bank from time to time prior to June 2, 2017. The Company would be required to pay fees defined in the master note agreement upon issuance of senior notes.
The revolving credit facility and note purchase agreements require the Company to comply with specified financial covenants. In addition, the credit facility and the note purchase agreements contain negative covenants limiting the ability of the Company and its subsidiaries to enter into specified transactions. The Company was in compliance with all covenants at September 30, 2014.
The Company had outstanding bank guarantees and standby letters of credit with banks as of September 30, 2014 totaling $6.3 million, of which $2.7 million relate to the senior revolving credit facility. The letters of credit serve to cover customer requirements in connection with certain sales orders and insurance companies. No amounts were drawn on these arrangements at September 30, 2014. The Company is also required to provide cash collateral in connection with certain arrangements. At September 30, 2014, the Company has $2.3 million of restricted cash in support of these arrangements. At September 30, 2014, the Company also has a $4.1 million guarantee relating to voluntary retirement payments for its unionized workers in Germany.
The Company redeemed $4.0 million of Industrial development debt in February 2014.
Note 13—Goodwill and Intangible Assets
Changes in goodwill during the nine months ended September 30, 2014 are as follows:
(In thousands)
Goodwill
Balance at January 1
$
260,134

Currency translation
(5,085
)
Balance at September 30
255,049

At September 30, 2014, goodwill of $196.5 million, $56.4 million, and $2.1 million related to the North American, European, and International reportable segments, respectively.
Changes in intangible assets, net of accumulated amortization during the nine months ended September 30, 2014 are as follows:
(In thousands)
Intangible Assets
Net balance at January 1
$
35,029

Amortization expense
(2,769
)
Currency translation
(351
)
Net balance at September 30
31,909


-14-



Note 14—Pensions and Other Postretirement Benefits
Components of net periodic benefit cost consisted of the following:
 
 
Pension Benefits
 
Other Benefits
(In thousands)
 
2014
 
2013
 
2014
 
2013
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Service cost
 
$
2,481

 
$
2,784

 
$
156

 
$
172

Interest cost
 
4,891

 
4,468

 
299

 
262

Expected return on plan assets
 
(8,251
)
 
(7,725
)
 

 

Amortization of prior service cost
 
21

 
26

 
(84
)
 
(106
)
Recognized net actuarial losses
 
2,203

 
3,325

 
83

 
137

Settlements
 
57

 

 

 

Net periodic benefit cost
 
1,402

 
2,878

 
454

 
465

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Service cost
 
$
7,443

 
$
8,353

 
$
468

 
$
516

Interest cost
 
14,673

 
13,404

 
897

 
787

Expected return on plan assets
 
(24,753
)
 
(23,175
)
 

 

Amortization of prior service cost
 
63

 
78

 
(252
)
 
(318
)
Recognized net actuarial losses
 
6,609

 
9,979

 
249

 
413

Settlements
 
171

 

 

 

Net periodic benefit cost
 
4,206

 
8,639

 
1,362

 
1,398

We made contributions of $3.4 million to our pension plans during the nine months ended September 30, 2014. We expect to make total contributions of approximately $4.5 million to our pension plans in 2014.
Note 15—Derivative Financial Instruments
As part of our currency exchange rate risk management strategy, we may enter into certain derivative foreign currency forward contracts that do not meet the U.S. GAAP criteria for hedge accounting, but which have the impact of partially offsetting certain foreign currency exposures. We account for these forward contracts at fair value and report the related gains or losses in currency exchange gains or losses. The notional amount of open forward contracts was $60.9 million and $54.5 million, with an unrealized loss on these contracts of $0.6 million and an unrealized gain of $0.3 million at September 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively.
The following table presents the balance sheet location and fair value of assets associated with derivative financial instruments: 
(In thousands)
 
September 30, 2014
 
December 31, 2013
Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments:
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange contracts: Prepaid expenses and other current assets
 
$
(607
)
 
$
1,308

The following table presents the income statement location and impact of derivative financial instruments:
 
 
 
 
Loss
Recognized in Income
 
 
 
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
(In thousands)
 
Income Statement
Location
 
2014
 
2013
Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments:
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange contracts
 
Currency exchange losses, net
 
$
2,060

 
$
233


-15-



Note 16—Fair Value Measurements
Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. The fair value hierarchy consists of three broad levels, which gives the highest priority to unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities (Level 1) and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs (Level 3). The three levels of the fair value hierarchy are:
Level 1—Observable inputs that reflect unadjusted quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in active markets.
Level 2—Inputs other than quoted prices included within Level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly.
Level 3—Unobservable inputs for the asset or liability.
The valuation methodologies we used to measure financial assets and liabilities were limited to the derivative financial instruments described in Note 15. We estimate the fair value of the derivative financial instruments, consisting of foreign currency forward contracts, based upon valuation models with inputs that generally can be verified by observable market conditions and do not involve significant management judgment. Accordingly, the fair values of the derivative financial instruments are classified within Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy.
With the exception of fixed rate long-term debt, we believe that the reported carrying amounts of our financial assets and liabilities approximate their fair values. The reported carrying amount of our fixed rate long-term debt (including the current portion) was $153.3 million and $160.0 million at September 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively. The fair value of this debt was $162.7 million and $167.1 million at September 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively. The fair value of our long-term debt was determined using cash flow valuation models to estimate the market value of similar instruments as of the respective balance sheet dates. The fair value of this debt was determined using Level 2 inputs as described above.
Note 17—Contingencies
We categorize the product liability losses that our various subsidiaries experience into two main categories: single incident and cumulative trauma. Single incident product liability claims are discrete incidents that are typically known to us when they occur and involve observable injuries and, therefore, more quantifiable damages. Therefore, MSA LLC, a subsidiary of MSA Safety, Inc. (formerly Mine Safety Appliances Company), maintains a reserve for single incident product liability claims based on expected settlement costs for pending claims and an estimate of costs for unreported claims derived from experience, sales volumes and other relevant information. This reserve for single incident product liability claims was $3.5 million at September 30, 2014 and $4.0 million at December 31, 2013. Single incident product liability expense during the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and September 30, 2013 was not significant. Subsidiaries single incident product liability exposures are evaluated on an ongoing basis and adjustments are made to the reserve as new information becomes available.
Cumulative trauma product liability claims involve exposures to harmful substances (e.g., silica, asbestos and coal dust) that occurred many years ago and may have developed over long periods of time into diseases such as silicosis, asbestosis or coal worker’s pneumoconiosis. MSA LLC, a subsidiary of MSA Safety, Inc. (formerly Mine Safety Appliances Company), is presently named as a defendant in 3,096 lawsuits in which plaintiffs allege to have contracted certain cumulative trauma diseases related to exposure to silica, asbestos, and/or coal dust. These lawsuits mainly involve respiratory protection products allegedly manufactured and sold by MSA LLC or its predecessors. MSA LLC are unable to estimate total damages sought in these lawsuits as they generally do not specify the injuries alleged or the amount of damages sought, and potentially involve multiple defendants.
MSA LLC regularly assesses opportunities to mitigate its product liability risk.
Cumulative trauma product liability litigation is difficult to predict. In our experience, until late in a lawsuit, we cannot reasonably determine whether it is probable that any of MSA LLC's cumulative trauma lawsuits will ultimately result in a liability. This uncertainty is caused by many factors, including the following: cumulative trauma complaints generally do not provide information sufficient to determine if a loss is probable; cumulative trauma litigation is inherently unpredictable and information is often insufficient to determine if a lawsuit will develop into an actively litigated case; and even when a case is actively litigated, it is often difficult to determine if the lawsuit will be dismissed or otherwise resolved until late in the lawsuit. Moreover, even once it is probable that such a lawsuit will result in a loss, it is difficult to reasonably estimate the amount of actual loss that will be incurred. These amounts are highly variable and turn on a case-by-case analysis of the relevant facts, which are often not learned until late in the lawsuit.

-16-



Because of these factors, MSA LLC's potential liability for such claims cannot be reliably determined until late in the lawsuit. MSA LLC, therefore, does not record cumulative trauma product liability losses when a lawsuit is filed, but rather, when it learns sufficient information to determine that it is probable that we will incur a loss and the amount of loss can be reasonably estimated. MSA LLC records expenses for defense costs associated with open cumulative trauma product liability lawsuits as incurred.
Any amount or range of possible losses related to MSA LLC's resolution of pending and future cumulative trauma product liability claims that it may face, cannot be estimated because of the factors described above. As new information about cumulative trauma product liability cases and future developments becomes available, MSA LLC's potential exposures are reassessed.
A summary of cumulative trauma product liability lawsuit activity follows:
 
 
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2014
 
Year Ended December 31, 2013
Open lawsuits, beginning of period
 
2,840

 
2,609

New lawsuits
 
437

 
489

Settled and dismissed lawsuits
 
(181
)
 
(258
)
Open lawsuits, end of period
 
3,096

 
2,840

Nearly half of the open lawsuits at September 30, 2014 have had a de minimus level of activity over the last 5 years. It is possible that these cases could become active again at any point due to changes in circumstances.
With some common contract exclusions, we maintain insurance for cumulative trauma product liability claims. We have purchased insurance policies for the policy years from 1952-1986 from over 20 different insurance carriers that provide coverage for cumulative trauma product liability losses, and in many instances, related defense costs (the "Occurrence-Based Policies"). In the normal course of business, we make payments to settle product liability claims and for related defense costs. We record receivables for the amounts that are covered by insurance. Since December 31, 2013, the insurance receivable increased by $22.9 million as a result of these settlements and defense costs.
The available limits of these policies are many times our recorded insurance receivable balance.
Various factors could affect the timing and amount of recovery of our insurance receivables, including the outcome of negotiations with insurers, legal proceedings with respect to product liability insurance coverage and the extent to which insurers may become insolvent in the future.
Our insurance receivables at September 30, 2014 totaled $147.7 million, of which $2.0 million is reported in other current assets and $145.7 million in other non-current assets. Our insurance receivables at December 31, 2013 totaled $124.8 million, all of which is reported in other non-current assets.
A summary of insurance receivable balances and activity related to cumulative trauma product liability losses follows:
(In millions)
 
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2014
 
Year Ended December 31, 2013
Balance beginning of period
 
$
124.8

 
$
130.0

Additions
 
25.1

 
34.0

Collections and settlements
 
(2.2
)
 
(39.2
)
Balance end of period
 
147.7

 
124.8

Additions to insurance receivables in the above table represent insured cumulative trauma product liability losses and related defense costs. Uninsured cumulative trauma product liability losses during the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013 were $2.3 million and $1.4 million, respectively. Collections primarily represent agreements with insurance companies to pay amounts due that are applicable to cumulative trauma claims. In cases where the payment stream covers multiple years, the present value of the payments is recorded as a note receivable (current and long term) in the balance sheet within prepaid expenses and other current assets and other noncurrent assets.
Our aggregate cumulative trauma product liability losses and administrative and defense costs for the three years ended December 31, 2013, totaled approximately $104.2 million, substantially all of which was insured.

-17-



MSA LLC believes that the increase in its insurance receivable balance that it has experienced since 2005 is primarily due to disagreements among its insurance carriers, and consequently with MSA LLC, as to when their individual obligations to pay us are triggered and the amount of each insurer’s obligation, as compared to other insurers. MSA LLC believes that its insurers do not contest that they have issued policies to our subsidiaries or that these policies cover cumulative trauma product liability claims. We believe that successful resolution of insurance litigation with various insurance carriers in recent years demonstrates that we have strong legal positions concerning MSA LLC's rights to coverage.
The collectability of MSA LLC's insurance receivables is regularly evaluated and the amounts recorded are probable of collection. These conclusions are based on analysis of the terms of the underlying insurance policies, experience in successfully recovering cumulative trauma product liability claims from our insurers under other policies, the financial ability of the insurance carriers to pay the claims, understanding and interpretation of the relevant facts and applicable law and the advice of MSA LLC's legal counsel, who believe that the insurers are required to provide coverage based on the terms of the policies.
Although it is impossible to predict the ultimate outcome of current open claims, based on current information, our experience in handling these matters, and our substantial insurance program, we do not believe that these claims will have a material adverse effect on our future financial condition or liquidity.
The Company regularly reviews MSA LLC's cumulative trauma product liability claims to determine if the liability for such claims is probable and estimable. Our cumulative claims experience, including recent claims trends, and the development of enhanced data analytics have led us to undertake a review with the assistance of a third party advisor. This review, anticipated to be completed in late 2014 or early 2015, employs new methods for analyzing and evaluating the claims in order to help us assess whether a reasonable estimate of the liability for these claims and associated costs can be made.
It is possible that the estimated costs of these claims, net of expected insurance recoveries, may be material to our results of operations in the period when recorded.
MSA LLC is currently involved in insurance coverage litigations with a number of our insurance carriers regarding its Occurrence-Based Policies.
In 2009, MSA LLC (as Mine Safety Appliances Company) sued The North River Insurance Company (North River) in the United States District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania, alleging that North River breached one of its insurance policies by failing to pay amounts owed to MSA LLC and that it engaged in bad-faith claims handling. MSA LLC believes that North River’s refusal to indemnify it under the policy for product liability losses and legal fees paid by MSA LLC is wholly contrary to Pennsylvania law and MSA LLC is vigorously pursuing the legal actions necessary to collect all due amounts. Motions for summary judgment on certain issues will be submitted to the court at the earliest possible date. A trial date has not yet been scheduled.
In 2010, North River sued MSA LLC (as Mine Safety Appliances Company) in the Court of Common Pleas of Allegheny County, Pennsylvania seeking a declaratory judgment concerning their responsibilities under three additional policies. MSA LLC asserted claims against North River for breaches of contract for failures to pay amounts owed to MSA LLC. MSA LLC also allege that North River engaged in bad-faith claims handling. MSA LLC believes that North River’s refusal to indemnify us under these policies for product liability losses and legal fees paid by MSA LLC is wholly contrary to Pennsylvania law and MSA LLC is vigorously pursuing the legal actions necessary to collect all due amounts. Summary judgment on certain issues is pending with the court. A trial date has not yet been scheduled.
In July 2010, MSA LLC (as Mine Safety Appliances Company) filed a lawsuit in the Superior Court of the State of Delaware seeking declaratory and other relief from the majority of its excess insurance carriers concerning the future rights and obligations of MSA LLC and its excess insurance carriers under various insurance policies. The reason for this insurance coverage action is to secure a comprehensive resolution of its rights under the insurance policies issued by the insurers. The case is currently in discovery.
MSA LLC has resolved claims against certain of its insurance carriers on some of their policies, including the Occurrence-Based Policies through negotiated settlements. When a settlement is reached, MSA LLC dismisses the settling carrier from relevant above noted lawsuit(s). Assuming satisfactory resolution, once disputes are resolved with each of the remaining carriers responsible for the Occurrence-Based Policies, MSA LLC anticipates having commitments to provide future payment streams which should be sufficient to satisfy its current receivables due from insurance carriers. In addition, MSA LLC likely will retain some coverage through coverage-in-place agreements, although that coverage may not be immediately accessible. When these insurance coverage matters are fully resolved, MSA LLC (and its coverage-in-place carriers, where applicable) will be responsible for expenses related to cumulative trauma product liability claims.

-18-



Note 18—Assets Held for Sale and Discontinued Operations
Assets Held for Sale - In September 2013, the Company entered into an agreement to sell the detector tube assets. The transaction closed in January, 2014. In addition to the asset sale agreement, the Company entered into transitional manufacturing and sales agreements with the buyer. Under the terms of the transitional agreements, the Company continued to manufacture and sell detector tubes on behalf of the buyer through August, 2014. The gain on the transaction of approximately $2.3 million will be recognized in 2014, when the buyer assumes ownership of the detector tube assets.
Certain assets related to detector tube manufacturing are classified as held for sale at September 30, 2014. These assets are reported in the following balance sheet lines:
(In millions)
September 30, 2014
Inventory, net of reserve
$
1.8

Property, net of depreciation
0.2

Total assets
2.0

Discontinued Operations - The Company is actively negotiating the sale of substantially all of the assets and liabilities of its South African personal protective equipment distribution business and its Zambian operations. Management has deemed it probable that the sale of these assets and liabilities will close within the next twelve months. The operations of this business qualify as a component of an entity under FASB ASC 205-20 "Presentation of Financial Statements - Discontinued Operations", and thus the operations have been reclassified as discontinued operations and prior periods have been reclassified to conform to this presentation. Management does not believe the assets associated with the South African distribution business or the Zambian operations are impaired at September 30, 2014.
Summarized financial information for discontinued operations is as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
(In thousands)
 
2014
 
2013
 
2014
 
2013
Discontinued Operations
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net sales
 
$
14,645

 
$
13,361

 
$
35,294

 
$
40,550

Other income (loss), net
 
26

 
(28
)
 
54

 
22

Cost and expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of products sold
 
12,007

 
10,570

 
28,158

 
31,466

Selling, general and administrative
 
1,637

 
1,922

 
4,796

 
5,822

Currency exchange losses (gains), net
 
6

 
(102
)
 
(63
)
 
(303
)
Income from discontinued operations before income taxes
 
1,021

 
943

 
2,457

 
3,587

Provision for income taxes
 
256

 
300

 
625

 
1,140

Income from discontinued operations, net of tax
 
765

 
643

 
1,832

 
2,447

Certain balance sheet items are related to the Company's South African personal protective equipment distribution business and its Zambian operations are reported as discontinued operations. These items are reported in the following balance sheet lines:
(In thousands)
September 30, 2014
 
December 31, 2013
Discontinued Operations assets and liabilities
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
1,538

 
$
2,980

Trade receivables, less allowance for doubtful accounts
8,162

 
7,452

Inventories
11,112

 
11,359

Net property
281

 
317

Other assets
778

 
1,326

Total assets
21,871

 
23,434

Accounts payable
3,965

 
5,447

Accrued and other liabilities
1,535

 
930

Total liabilities
5,500

 
6,377

Net assets
16,371

 
17,057


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The following summary provides financial information for discontinued operations related to net loss (income) related to noncontrolling interests:
 
Three Months Ended  September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
(In thousands)
2014
 
2013
 
2014
 
2013
Net loss (income) attributable to noncontrolling interests
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Loss from continuing operations
$
234

 
$
453

 
$
543

 
$
413

(Income) from discontinued operations
(134
)
 
(129
)
 
(341
)
 
(540
)
Net loss (income)
100

 
324

 
202

 
(127
)

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Item 2.
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
The following discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with the historical financial statements and other financial information included elsewhere in this report on Form 10-Q. This discussion may contain forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. The forward-looking statements are not historical facts, but rather are based on current expectations, estimates, assumptions and projections about our industry, business, and future financial results. Our actual results could differ materially from the results contemplated by these forward-looking statements due to a number of factors, including those discussed in the sections of our annual report entitled “Forward-Looking Statements” and “Risk Factors.”
On February 27, 2014, Mine Safety Appliances Company, a Pennsylvania corporation ("MSA"), approved the reorganization of the Company into a holding company structure (the “Reorganization”) in accordance with Section 1924(b)(4) of the Pennsylvania Business Corporation Law of 1988. As a result of the Reorganization, Mine Safety Appliances Company became a direct, wholly-owned subsidiary of MSA Safety Incorporated, a Pennsylvania corporation and currently a direct wholly-owned subsidiary of MSA (“New MSA”), and New MSA became the publicly traded holding company of MSA and its subsidiaries. The Reorganization was completed on March 7, 2014. New MSA and its subsidiaries continue to conduct the business and operations that MSA and its subsidiaries conducted immediately prior to the Reorganization. The consolidated assets and liabilities of New MSA and its subsidiaries are identical to the consolidated assets and liabilities of MSA and its subsidiaries immediately prior to the Reorganization.
MSA's South African personal protective equipment distribution business and MSA's Zambian operations had historically been part of the International reportable segment. The results of these operations are excluded from continuing operations and are presented as discontinued operations in all periods presented. Please refer to Note 18 Assets Held for Sale and Discontinued Operations, for further commentary on these discontinued operations.
Sales from MSA's General Monitors companies were historically reported in the country from which product was shipped. Effective January 1, 2014, the General Monitors business has been fully integrated into MSA. As such, sales made by General Monitors companies are now allocated to each country based on the destination of the end-customer and other criteria based on the value added to the order. The 2013 results presented below have been restated to reflect this change in allocation methodology. Please refer to Note 8 Segment Information, for further information.
BUSINESS OVERVIEW
We are a global leader in the development, manufacture and supply of products that protect people’s health and safety. Our safety products typically integrate any combination of electronics, mechanical systems and advanced materials to protect users against hazardous or life threatening situations. Our comprehensive lines of safety products are used by workers around the world in the oil and gas, fire service, mining, construction and other industries, as well as the military. We are committed to providing our customers with service unmatched in the safety industry and, in the process, enhancing our ability to provide a growing line of safety solutions for customers in key global markets.
We tailor our product offerings and distribution strategy to satisfy distinct customer preferences that vary across geographic regions. To best serve these customer preferences, we have organized our business into nine geographical operating segments that are aggregated into three reportable geographic segments: North America, Europe and International. Each segment includes a number of operating segments. In 2013, 50%, 26% and 24% of our net sales were made by our North American, European and International segments, respectively.
North America. Our largest manufacturing and research and development facilities are located in the United States. We serve our North American markets with sales and distribution functions in the U.S., Canada and Mexico.
Europe. Our European segment includes companies in most Western European countries, and a number of Eastern European countries along with locations in the Middle East and Russia. Our largest European companies, based in Germany and France, develop, manufacture and sell a wide variety of products. Operations in other European segment countries focus primarily on sales and distribution in their respective home country markets. While some of these companies may perform limited production, most of their sales are of products that are manufactured in our plants in Germany, France, the U.S. and China, or are purchased from third party vendors.
International. Our International segment includes companies in South America, Africa and the Asia Pacific region, some of which are in developing regions of the world. Principal International segment manufacturing operations are located in Australia, Brazil, China and South Africa. These companies manufacture products that are sold primarily in each company’s home country and regional markets. The other companies in the International segment focus primarily on sales and distribution in their respective home country markets. While some of these companies may perform limited production, most of their sales are of products that are manufactured in our plants in China, Germany, France and the U.S., or are purchased from third party vendors.

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PRINCIPAL PRODUCTS
The following is a brief description of each of our principal product categories:
Core products. MSA's strategy includes a focus on driving profitable core product sales. Core products include breathing apparatus, industrial head protection, fixed gas and flame detection, portable gas detection and fall protection products. These products receive the highest levels of investment and resources in alignment with our commitment to grow core products sales in both emerging and developed markets.
Adjacent products. MSA provides a series of adjacent product offerings to its customers that complement its core products. These products reinforce and extend the core, drawing upon our customer relationships, distribution channels, geographical presence and technical experience. These products tend to have their roots within the core product value chain, but receive a smaller allocation of corporate resources than core products. Adjacent product sales comprise approximately one fourth of consolidated sales.
Peripheral products. MSA provides a series of peripheral product offerings to its customers. MSA's competitive advantage in serving peripheral product customers tends to be related to our channels of distribution or customer access. These products are primarily sold to the mining industry and represent a small portion of consolidated sales.
A detailed listing of our significant product offerings in the aforementioned product groups above is included in the MSA's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013.


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RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Three Months Ended September 30, 2014 Compared to Three Months Ended September 30, 2013
Net sales. Net sales for the three months ended September 30, 2014 were $275.2 million, an increase of $10.3 million, or 4%, compared with $264.9 million for the three months ended September 30, 2013. The unfavorable translation effects of weakened foreign currencies decreased sales, when stated in U.S. dollars, by $1.6 million. Excluding the effects of weakening currencies, sales increased $11.9 million.
Net Sales
 
Three Months Ended  September 30,
 
Dollar
Increase
(Decrease)
 
Percent
Increase
(Decrease)
(In thousands)
 
2014
 
2013
 
North America
 
$
131,844

 
$
130,919

 
$
925

 
1
 %
Europe
 
75,785

 
66,360

 
9,425

 
14
 %
International
 
67,530

 
67,605

 
(75
)
 
 %
Total
 
275,159

 
264,884

 
10,275

 
4
 %
Net sales for the North American segment were $131.8 million in the third quarter of 2014, an increase of $0.9 million, or 1%, compared to $130.9 million in the third quarter of 2013. During the quarter, increased business was evidenced by growth in fixed gas and flame detection, ("FGFD") projects, up $3.3 million. Increased shipments of industrial head protection and respirators also drove growth over the prior year quarter, up $2.7 million and $1.4 million, respectively, as well as smaller increases across other core and adjacent products. These increases were offset by a decline in shipments of breathing apparatus, down $7.2 million. The next generation G1 Self Contained Breathing Apparatus, ("SCBA"), an entirely redesigned SCBA platform, has completed and passed all testing necessary for approval and is now in the final stages of the approval process. The Company currently has 14 patents pending for this product.
Net sales for the European segment were $75.8 million for the third quarter of 2014, an increase of $9.4 million, or 14%, compared to $66.4 million for the third quarter of 2013. Local currency sales in Europe increased $9.3 million over prior year sales in the same period, driven by increased FGFD project business in both Western Europe and in the Middle East, up $5.8 million, as well as increased ballistic helmet, self-contained breathing apparatus, and portable instruments shipments, up $3.6 million, $3.4 million, and $1.5 million, respectively. These increases were partially offset by a decline in shipments of fire helmets and gas masks, down $3.1 million and $1.2 million, respectively, as well as small decreases across a broad range of products. Currency translation effects increased European segment sales, when stated in U.S. dollars, by $0.1 million.
Net sales for the International segment were $67.5 million in the third quarter of 2014, a decrease of $0.1 million, compared to $67.6 million for the third quarter of 2013. Local currency sales in the International segment increased $1.9 million for the quarter on increased shipments of portable instruments and FGFD projects, up $2.3 million and $1.7 million, respectively. Non-core products also supported higher sales over the prior year quarter, up $1.5 million. These increases were partially offset by a lower level of self-contained breathing apparatus and industrial head protection sales, down $2.7 million and $1.3 million, respectively. Currency translation effects decreased International segment sales, when stated in U.S. dollars, by $2.0 million, primarily related to a weaker Argentine peso, Chilean peso, and South African rand. Weakening economic conditions in key emerging markets such as Brazil and South Africa have also contributed to the decline in sales revenue.
Gross profit. Gross profit for the third quarter of 2014 was $123.7 million, an increase of $8.3 million, compared to $115.4 million for the third quarter of 2013. The ratio of gross profit to net sales was 45.0% in the third quarter of 2014 compared to 43.6% in the same quarter last year. The higher gross profit ratio during the current quarter was primarily related to an improved sales order mix, pricing, and lower manufacturing costs.
Selling, general and administrative expenses. Selling, general and administrative expenses were $77.3 million during the third quarter of 2014, an increase of $5.9 million, or 8%, compared to $71.4 million in the third quarter of 2013. Selling, general and administrative expenses were 28.1% of net sales in the third quarter of 2014, compared to 27.0% of net sales in the third quarter of 2013. Local currency selling, general and administrative expenses were $6.4 million higher in the current quarter, on strategic initiatives primarily in the European segment, and increased selling and marketing costs. Currency translation effects decreased current quarter selling, general and administrative expenses, when stated in U.S. dollars, by $0.5 million, primarily related to the weakening of currencies in Latin America.
Research and development expense. Research and development expense was $13.4 million during the third quarter of 2014, an increase of $1.1 million, or 9%, compared to $12.3 million during the third quarter of 2013. The increase reflects general cost increases, our ongoing focus on developing innovative new core products, including the Company's next generation self-contained breathing apparatus.

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Restructuring and other charges. During the three months ended September 30, 2014, we recorded restructuring charges of $3.6 million ($2.5 million after tax). European segment charges of $3.0 million were related to workforce reductions in Germany, Italy, and Spain and continued steps to execute our Europe 2.0 initiative. International segment charges of $0.6 million were related to severance costs for staff reductions associated with ongoing initiatives to right size our operations in Australia and South Africa.
During the third quarter of 2013, we recorded charges of $1.5 million ($1.1 million after tax). European segment charges of $1.1 million primarily related to staff reductions in Germany and the Netherlands. International segment charges of $0.4 million were related to staff reductions in South Africa and Australia.
Currency exchange. Currency exchange losses were $0.3 million in the third quarter of 2014, compared to losses of $1.8 million in the third quarter of 2013. Currency exchange losses in both quarters were mostly unrealized and related primarily to the effect of the strengthening U.S. dollar on unsettled inter-company balances. Refer to Note 15 to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements in Part I Item I of this Form 10-Q, for information regarding our currency exchange rate risk management strategy.
Income taxes. The effective tax rate for the third quarter of 2014 was 32.1% compared to 29.5% for the same quarter last year. The increased effective tax rate in 2014 is primarily due to the lapse of the U.S. research and development (R&D) tax credit at the end of 2013 and a less favorable profile of earnings in the current quarter. The R&D tax credit has not been extended for 2014 as of the end of the third quarter; therefore no R&D tax benefits have been recognized.
Net income attributable to MSA Safety Incorporated. Net income from continuing operations was $18.7 million for the third quarter of 2014, or $0.50 per basic share, a decrease of $0.3 million, or 2%, compared to $19.0 million, or $0.51 per basic share, for the same quarter last year.
North American segment net income for the third quarter of 2014 was $18.0 million, an increase of $1.0 million, or 6%, compared to $17.0 million in the third quarter of 2013. Increased sales and strong gross profit margin, partially offset by a higher effective tax rate, drove performance growth over the third quarter of 2013.
European segment net income for the third quarter of 2014 was $2.6 million, a decrease of $0.5 million, or 16%, compared to net income of $3.1 million during the third quarter of 2013. Local currency net income decreased $0.5 million, reflecting higher selling, general, and administrative expense related to strategic initiatives and higher restructuring costs, partially offset by increased sales and strong profit margins. Currency translation effects, when stated in U.S. dollars, were inconsequential to European segment net income.
International segment net income for the third quarter of 2014 was $2.8 million, a decrease of $2.2 million, or 44%, compared to $5.0 million in the prior year quarter. Local currency net income in the International segment decreased $2.0 million in the current quarter, reflecting flat sales and higher operating expenses. Currency translation effects decreased current quarter International segment net income, when stated in U.S. dollars, by $0.2 million, reflecting a weakening in the Argentine peso and Chilean peso.
The net loss reported in reconciling items for the third quarter of 2014 was $4.8 million compared to a net loss of $6.2 million in the third quarter of 2013. The lower loss during the three months ended September 30, 2014 reflects a favorable currency exchange impact and lower interest expense.
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2014 Compared to Nine Months Ended September 30, 2013
Net sales. Net sales for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 were $822.7 million, an increase of $2.1 million, compared to $820.6 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2013. The unfavorable translation effects of weaker foreign currencies decreased sales, when stated in U.S. dollars, by $8.2 million. Excluding the effects of weakening currencies, sales increased $10.3 million.
Net Sales
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
Dollar
Increase
(Decrease)
 
Percent
Increase
(Decrease)
(In thousands)
 
2014
 
2013
 
North America
 
$
400,147

 
$
402,539

 
$
(2,392
)
 
(1
)%
Europe
 
229,606

 
207,480

 
22,126

 
11
 %
International
 
192,944

 
210,610

 
(17,666
)
 
(8
)%
Total
 
822,697

 
820,629

 
2,068

 
 %

-24-



Net sales by the North American segment were $400.1 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2014, a decrease of $2.4 million, or 1%, compared to $402.5 million for the same period in 2013. Continued industrial market growth was evidenced by increased shipments of portable instruments and head protection, both up $6.6 million, respectively, as well as strength in FGFD projects, up $1.9 million over the same period in 2013. These increases were offset by a decline in shipments of breathing apparatus, associated with approval delays for the G1 SCBA, down $17.5 million.
Net sales for the European segment were $229.6 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2014, an increase of $22.1 million, or 11%, compared to $207.5 million for the same period in 2013. Local currency sales in the European segment increased $16.8 million, driven by increased FGFD project business, up $9.5 million, large ballistic helmet shipments in Western Europe, up $9.3 million, and a $2.1 million increase across other core product lines. These increases were partially offset by decreased shipments of fire helmets and gas masks, down $2.2 million and $2.0 million, respectively. The favorable translation effects of a stronger euro earlier in the year increased European segment sales, when stated in U.S. dollars, by $5.3 million.
Net sales for the International segment were $192.9 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2014, a decrease of $17.7 million, or 8%, compared to $210.6 million for the same period in 2013. Currency translation effects decreased International segment sales, when stated in U.S. dollars, by $13.2 million, related to a weaker Brazilian real, Argentine peso, Chilean peso, Australian dollar, and South African rand. Local currency sales in the International segment decreased $4.5 million for the period. Breathing apparatus, FGFD, and head protection revenue were down $5.0 million, $3.7 million, and $1.6 million, respectively. This decrease was offset by increased portable gas detection and fall protection shipments of $3.8 million and $1.2 million, respectively, as well as smaller increases across a series of non-core products. Weakening economic conditions in key emerging markets such as Brazil and South Africa have also contributed to the decline in sales revenue.
Gross profit. Gross profit for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 was $375.2 million, an increase of $8.4 million, or 3%, compared to gross profit of $366.8 million for the same period in 2013. The ratio of gross profit to net sales was 45.6% in the nine months ended September 30, 2014 compared to 44.7% in the same period last year. The higher gross profit ratio during the current period relates to an improved sales mix and cost management.
Selling, general and administrative expenses. Selling, general and administrative expenses were $245.4 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2014, an increase of $13.3 million, or 6%, compared to $232.1 million for the same period in 2013. Selling, general and administrative expenses were 29.8% of net sales for the nine months ended September 30, 2014, compared to 28.3% of net sales in the same period in 2013. Local currency selling, general and administrative expenses were $15.5 million higher than the same period in 2013, reflecting higher spending on strategic initiatives, including Europe 2.0, increased selling and marketing costs on higher core sales volume, and the Company's focus on improving the customer experience. A decline in post-retirement expense related to the Company's overfunded domestic pension plan and a favorable effect from weakening foreign currencies for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 partially offset these increases. Currency translation effects decreased current quarter selling, general and administrative expenses, when stated in U.S. dollars, by $2.2 million, related to the weakening across several currencies in the international segment, partially offset by the strengthening of the euro earlier in 2014.
Research and development expense. Research and development expense was $36.6 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2014, an increase of $2.3 million, or 7%, compared to $34.3 million for the same period in 2013. The increase reflects general cost increases and our ongoing focus on developing innovative new core products.
Restructuring and other charges. During the nine months ended September 30, 2014, we recorded restructuring charges of $6.4 million ($4.3 million after tax). European segment charges of $4.5 million related primarily to severance from staff reductions in Germany, Italy, and Spain and reorganization costs in Germany. International segment charges of $1.9 million were related to severance from staff reductions in South Africa, Australia and Brazil.
During the nine months ended September 30, 2013, we recorded charges of $3.9 million ($2.8 million after tax), respectively. European segment charges for the nine months ended September 30, 2013 of $2.2 million primarily related to staff reductions in Germany and the Netherlands. International segment charges for the nine months ended September 30, 2013 of $1.7 million were related to staff reductions in Australia.
Currency exchange. Currency exchange losses were $0.4 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2014, compared to losses of $4.1 million for the same period of 2013. Currency exchange losses in both 2014 and 2013 were mostly unrealized and related primarily to the effect of the strengthening of the U.S. dollar on unsettled inter-company balances. Refer to Note 15 to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements in Part I Item I of this Form 10-Q, for information regarding our currency exchange rate risk management strategy.

-25-



Income taxes. The effective tax rate for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 was 32.6% compared to 29.0% for the same period last year. The increased effective tax rate in 2014 is primarily due to the lapse of the U.S. research and development (R&D) tax credit at the end of 2013 and a less favorable profile of earnings in the current year. During the nine months ended September 30, 2013, the Company recognized R&D benefits associated with the full year 2012 as well as a partial amount associated with 2013. The R&D tax credit has not been extended for 2014 as of the end of the third quarter; therefore no R&D tax benefits have been recognized.
Net income attributable to MSA Safety Incorporated. Net income from continuing operations was $54.3 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2014, or $1.45 per basic share, a decrease of $6.6 million, or 11%, compared to $60.9 million, or $1.64 per basic share, for the same period last year.
North American segment net income for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 was $49.7 million, an increase of $3.1 million, or 7%, compared to $46.6 million for the same period in 2013 on improved profitability associated with core products and lower operating expense.
European segment net income for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 was $13.0 million, an increase of $1.3 million, or 11%, compared to net income of $11.7 million for the same period in 2013. Higher sales revenue and strong gross profit was partially offset by higher selling, general, and administrative expenses related to strategic initiatives and higher restructuring costs. Currency translation effects increased European segment net income, when stated in U.S. dollars, by $1.3 million.
International segment net income for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 was $9.0 million, a decrease of $11.6 million, or 56%, compared to $20.6 million for the same period in 2013. Local currency net income in the International segment decreased $9.7 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2014, reflecting a lower level of sales as well as higher selling, general, and administrative expense. Currency translation effects decreased International segment net income, when stated in U.S. dollars, by $1.9 million, primarily reflecting a weaker Brazilian real, Argentine peso, and Chilean peso.
The net loss reported in reconciling items for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 was $17.4 million compared to a net loss of $18.0 million in the same period of 2013. The lower loss during the nine months ended September 30, 2014 reflects higher selling, general, and administrative expense related to corporate strategic initiatives, partially offset by lower interest expense and favorable currency exchange gains.
LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES
Our main source of liquidity is operating cash flows, supplemented by borrowings. Our principal liquidity requirements are for working capital, capital expenditures, principal and interest payments on debt, acquisitions and dividend payments. Approximately half of our long-term debt is at fixed interest rates with repayment schedules through 2021. The remainder of our long-term debt is at variable rates, primarily on our unsecured revolving credit facility that is due in 2019. Substantially all of our borrowings originate in the U.S., which has limited our exposure to non-U.S. credit markets and to currency exchange rate fluctuations.
At September 30, 2014, we had cash and cash equivalents totaling $97.4 million, of which $87.9 million was held by our foreign subsidiaries. Cash and cash equivalents are held by our foreign subsidiaries whose earnings are considered indefinitely reinvested at September 30, 2014. These funds could be subject to additional income taxes if repatriated. It is not practicable to determine the potential income tax liability that we would incur if these funds were repatriated to the U.S. because the time and manner of repatriation is uncertain. We believe that domestic cash and cash equivalents, domestic cash flows from operations, annual repatriation of a portion of the current period’s foreign earnings, and availability of our domestic line of credit continue to be sufficient to fund our domestic liquidity requirements.
Cash and cash equivalents increased $1.1 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2014, compared to increasing $13.3 million during the same period in 2013.

-26-



Operating activities. Operating activities provided cash of $50.8 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2014, compared to providing $64.7 million during the same period in 2013. Lower operating cash flow in 2014 is primarily related to lower net income and unfavorable changes in working capital. Insurance receivables related to cumulative trauma product liability losses were $147.7 million at September 30, 2014 compared to $124.8 million at December 31, 2013. The increase relates to insured cumulative trauma product liability losses and related defense costs. Trade receivables were $200.6 million at September 30, 2014, compared to $200.4 million at December 31, 2013, reflecting a local currency increase of $7.3 million. Inventories were $145.2 million at September 30, 2014, compared to $136.8 million at December 31, 2013, reflecting a local currency inventory increase of $16.2 million. Accounts payable were $67.3 million at September 30, 2014, compared to $66.9 million at December 31, 2013. Local currency accounts payable increased $2.4 million, reflecting our ongoing initiative to improve working capital cash flow.
Investing activities. Investing activities used cash of $24.2 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2014, compared to using $24.9 million in the same period last year, primarily for capital expenditures.
Financing activities. Financing activities used cash of $20.9 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2014, compared to using $23.6 million during the same period in 2013. The change was primarily related to lower stock repurchases, partially offset by fewer stock exercises. During the nine months ended September 30, 2014, we had net borrowings of $9.2 million, primarily from our long-term line of credit. This compared to net borrowings of $10.3 million in the same period in 2013. We paid cash dividends of $34.0 million in the first nine months of 2014 compared to $33.3 million in the same period last year.
The Company's existing debt agreements, including its senior revolving credit facility and note purchase agreements were amended to reflect the changes in the Company's legal structure in March 2014. During this process, we were able to successfully renegotiate a number of our existing credit facilities to provide the Company with access to additional capital, including an additional shelf facility, at historically low interest rates. In June 2014 the Company entered into an additional note facility. Considering these changes and our outstanding debt, the Company currently has access to approximately $598.0 million of capital at September 30, 2014. Refer to Note 12 to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements in Part I Item 1 of this Form 10-Q.
CUMULATIVE TRANSLATION ADJUSTMENTS
The position of the U.S. dollar relative to international currencies at September 30, 2014 resulted in a translation loss of $21.0 million being charged to the cumulative translation adjustments shareholders' equity account during the nine months ended September 30, 2014, compared to a loss of $6.2 million during the same period in 2013. The translation loss during the nine months of 2014 was primarily related to the strengthening of the U.S. dollar against the euro, Argentine peso and Chilean peso. The translation loss during the nine months ended September 30, 2013 was primarily related to the weakening of the South African rand, the Brazilian real, and the Australian dollar, partially offset by the strengthening of the euro.
COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
We made contributions of $3.4 million to our pension plans during the nine months ended September 30, 2014. We expect to make total contributions of approximately $4.5 million to our pension plans in 2014.
The Company had outstanding bank guarantees and standby letters of credit with banks as of September 30, 2014 totaling $6.3 million, of which $2.7 million related to the senior revolving credit facility. These letters of credit serve to cover customer requirements in connection with certain sales orders and insurance companies. No amounts were drawn on these arrangements at September 30, 2014. The Company is also required to provide cash collateral in connection with certain arrangements. At September 30, 2014, the Company has $2.3 million of restricted cash in support of these arrangements. At September 30, 2014, the Company also has a $4.1 million guarantee relating to voluntary retirement payments for its unionized workers in Germany.
We have purchase commitments for materials, supplies, services, and property, plant and equipment as part of our ordinary conduct of business.
Please refer to Note 17 to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements in Part I Item 1 of this Form 10-Q for further discussion on the Company's product liabilities.

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CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND ESTIMATES
We prepare our consolidated financial statements in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). The preparation of these financial statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and the related disclosures. We evaluate these estimates and judgments on an on-going basis based on historical experience and various assumptions that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances. However, different amounts could be reported if we had used different assumptions and in light of different facts and circumstances. Actual amounts could differ from the estimates and judgments reflected in our financial statements.
The more critical judgments and estimates used in the preparation of our financial statements are discussed in Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013.
RECENTLY ADOPTED AND RECENTLY ISSUED ACCOUNTING STANDARDS
Please refer to Note 2 to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements in Part I Item 1 of this Form 10-Q.

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Item 3.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Market risk represents the risk of adverse changes in the value of a financial instrument caused by changes in currency exchange rates, interest rates, and equity prices. We are exposed to market risks related to currency exchange rates and interest rates.
Currency exchange rate sensitivity. We are subject to the effects of fluctuations in currency exchange rates on various transactions and on the translation of the reported financial position and operating results of our non-U.S. companies from local currencies to U.S. dollars. A hypothetical 10% strengthening or weakening of the U.S. dollar would decrease or increase our reported sales and net income for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 by approximately $41.8 million and $1.8 million, respectively.
When appropriate, we may attempt to limit our transactional exposure to changes in currency exchange rates through contracts or other actions intended to reduce existing exposures by creating offsetting currency exposures. At September 30, 2014, we had open foreign currency forward contracts with a U.S. dollar notional value of $60.9 million. A hypothetical 10% increase in September 30, 2014, forward exchange rates would result in a $6.1 million increase in the fair value of these contracts.
Interest rates. We are exposed to changes in interest rates primarily as a result of borrowing and investing activities used to maintain liquidity and fund business operations. Because of the relatively short maturities of temporary investments, these financial instruments are reported at carrying values that approximate fair values.
At September 30, 2014, we had $146.7 million of fixed rate debt which matures at various dates through 2021. The incremental increase in the fair value of fixed rate long-term debt resulting from a hypothetical 10% decrease in interest rates would be approximately $2.4 million. However, our sensitivity to interest rate declines and the corresponding increase in the fair value of our debt portfolio would unfavorably affect earnings and cash flows only to the extent that we elected to repurchase or retire all or a portion of our fixed rate debt portfolio at prices above carrying values.
Item 4.
Controls and Procedures
(a)
Evaluation of disclosure controls and procedures. Based on their evaluation as of the end of the period covered by this Form 10-Q, the Company’s principal executive officer and principal financial officer have concluded that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”)) are effective to ensure that information required to be disclosed by the Company in reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is (i) recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in Securities and Exchange Commission rules and forms and (ii) accumulated and communicated to our management, including the principal executive officer and principal financial officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding disclosure.
(b)
Changes in internal control. There were no changes in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the most recent fiscal quarter that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.

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PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
Item 2.
Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
(c)
Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
Period
 
Total Number of
Shares
Purchased
 
Average Price Paid
Per Share
 
Total Number of
Shares Purchased
As Part of Publicly
Announced Plans or
Programs
 
Maximum Number
of Shares
That May Yet Be
Purchased Under
the Plans or
Programs
July 1 – July 31, 2014
 
212

 
$
57.48

 

 
940,522

August 1 – August 31, 2014
 
4,065

 
54.39

 

 
879,700

September 1 – September 30, 2014
 
3,613

 
55.86

 

 
985,834

In November 2005, the Board of Directors authorized the purchase of up to $100.0 million of common stock from time-to-time in private transactions and on the open market. The share purchase program has no expiration date. The maximum number of shares that may yet be purchased is calculated based on the dollars remaining under the program and the respective month-end closing share price.
We do not have any other share repurchase programs.
Shares purchased during the quarter related to stock compensation transactions.

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