Document


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549 
FORM 10-Q
 
QUARTERLY REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF
THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarter ended June 30, 2016
Commission File No. 1-15579
 
MSA SAFETY INCORPORATED
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Pennsylvania
 
 46-4914539

(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(IRS Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
1000 Cranberry Woods Drive
Cranberry Township, Pennsylvania
 
16066-5207
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (724) 776-8600
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x   No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  x    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filer  x
 
Accelerated filer   ¨
 
Non-accelerated filer   ¨
 
Smaller reporting company  ¨
 
 
 
 
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).     Yes  ¨    No  x
As of August 5, 2016, 37,522,927 shares of common stock, of the registrant were outstanding.




PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements
MSA SAFETY INCORPORATED
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF INCOME
Unaudited
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
(In thousands, except per share amounts)
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Net sales
 
$
295,998

 
$
287,011

 
$
575,266

 
$
543,719

Cost of products sold
 
160,143

 
156,522

 
318,706

 
296,407

Gross profit
 
135,855

 
130,489

 
256,560

 
247,312

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Selling, general and administrative
 
75,716

 
77,588

 
154,911

 
158,956

Research and development
 
11,144

 
12,984

 
21,507

 
23,898

Restructuring and other charges (Note 4)
 
1,338

 
227

 
1,808

 
958

Currency exchange (gains) losses, net
 
(242
)
 
1,557

 
1,708

 
(991
)
Operating income
 
47,899

 
38,133

 
76,626

 
64,491

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest expense
 
4,201

 
2,502

 
8,103

 
4,975

Other (income), net
 
(775
)
 
(94
)
 
(1,663
)
 
(735
)
Total other expense, net
 
3,426

 
2,408

 
6,440

 
4,240

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income from continuing operations before income taxes
 
44,473

 
35,725

 
70,186

 
60,251

Provision for income taxes (Note 10)
 
15,026

 
12,350

 
27,537

 
27,734

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income from continuing operations
 
29,447

 
23,375

 
42,649

 
32,517

Income from discontinued operations (Note 19)
 
2,484

 
470

 
1,355

 
778

Net income
 
31,931

 
23,845

 
44,004

 
33,295

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests
 
(848
)
 
453

 
(1,170
)
 
685

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income attributable to MSA Safety Incorporated
 
$
31,083

 
$
24,298

 
$
42,834

 
$
33,980

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Amounts attributable to MSA Safety Incorporated common shareholders:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income from continuing operations
 
$
29,306

 
$
23,722

 
$
41,989

 
$
33,038

Income from discontinued operations (Note 19)
 
1,777

 
576

 
845

 
942

Net income
 
$
31,083

 
$
24,298

 
$
42,834

 
$
33,980

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings per share attributable to MSA Safety Incorporated common shareholders:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income from continuing operations
 
$
0.78

 
$
0.63

 
$
1.12

 
$
0.88

Income from discontinued operations (Note 19)
 
$
0.05

 
$
0.02

 
$
0.02

 
$
0.03

Net income
 
$
0.83

 
$
0.65

 
$
1.14

 
$
0.91

Diluted
 
 
 


 
 
 


Income from continuing operations
 
$
0.77

 
$
0.62

 
$
1.11

 
$
0.87

Income from discontinued operations (Note 19)
 
$
0.05

 
$
0.01

 
$
0.02

 
$
0.03

Net income
 
$
0.82

 
$
0.63

 
$
1.13

 
$
0.90

Dividends per common share
 
$
0.33

 
$
0.32

 
$
0.65

 
$
0.63

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

-2-



MSA SAFETY INCORPORATED
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
Unaudited
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
(In thousands)
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Net income
 
$
31,931

 
$
23,845

 
$
44,004

 
$
33,295

Foreign currency translation adjustments
 
(15,056
)
 
3,891

 
(1,108
)
 
(20,159
)
Reclassification from accumulated other comprehensive (loss) into earnings
 
2,022

 

 
4,125

 

Pension and post-retirement plan adjustments, net of tax
 
1,894

 
2,623

 
3,786

 
5,152

Total other comprehensive (loss) income, net of tax
 
(11,140
)
 
6,514

 
6,803

 
(15,007
)
Comprehensive income
 
20,791

 
30,359

 
50,807

 
18,288

Comprehensive (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests
 
(2,252
)
 
649

 
(2,250
)
 
1,139

Comprehensive income attributable to MSA Safety Incorporated
 
$
18,539

 
$
31,008

 
$
48,557

 
$
19,427

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

-3-



MSA SAFETY INCORPORATED
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET
Unaudited 
(In thousands)
 
June 30, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
Assets
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
103,149

 
$
105,925

Trade receivables, less allowance for doubtful accounts of $7,525 and $8,189
 
218,221

 
232,862

Inventories (Note 3)
 
130,482

 
125,849

Prepaid income taxes
 
12,556

 
8,745

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
 
32,811

 
31,231

Total current assets
 
497,219

 
504,612

 
 
 
 
 
Property, plant and equipment, net (Note 5)
 
151,919

 
155,839

Prepaid pension cost
 
66,715

 
62,072

Deferred tax assets (Note 10)
 
24,581

 
26,455

Goodwill (Note 13)
 
332,139

 
340,338

Intangible assets (Note 13)
 
80,474

 
90,068

Other noncurrent assets
 
263,202

 
243,479

Total assets
 
$
1,416,249

 
$
1,422,863

 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities
 
 
 
 
Notes payable and current portion of long-term debt, net (Note 12)
 
$
6,822

 
$
6,650

Accounts payable
 
66,119

 
68,206

Employees’ compensation
 
32,404

 
37,642

Insurance and product liability
 
30,262

 
57,718

Tax liabilities
 
16,253

 
11,658

Other current liabilities
 
63,309

 
70,013

Total current liabilities
 
215,169

 
251,887

 
 
 
 
 
Long-term debt, net (Note 12)
 
447,087

 
458,022

Pensions and other employee benefits
 
160,795

 
156,160

Deferred tax liabilities (Note 10)
 
25,964

 
24,872

Other noncurrent liabilities
 
14,835

 
14,794

Total liabilities
 
$
863,850

 
$
905,735

Commitments and contingencies (Note 18)
 

 

 
 
 
 
 
Equity
 
 
 
 
Preferred stock, 4 1/2% cumulative, $50 par value (Note 7)
 
3,569

 
3,569

Common stock, no par value (Note 7)
 
163,719

 
157,643

Treasury shares, at cost (Note 7)
 
(291,610
)
 
(295,070
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
 
(202,476
)
 
(208,199
)
Retained earnings
 
877,103

 
858,553

Total MSA Safety Incorporated shareholders' equity
 
550,305

 
516,496

Noncontrolling interests
 
2,094

 
632

Total shareholders’ equity
 
552,399

 
517,128

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity
 
$
1,416,249

 
$
1,422,863

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

-4-



MSA SAFETY INCORPORATED
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS
Unaudited
 
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
(In thousands)
 
2016
 
2015
Operating Activities
 
 
 
 
Net income
 
$
44,004

 
$
33,295

Depreciation and amortization
 
17,732

 
15,664

Pensions (Note 15)
 
3,396

 
6,032

Net (gain) from disposal of assets
 
(2,713
)
 
(1,969
)
Stock-based compensation (Note 11)
 
6,951

 
6,787

Asset impairment charges
 

 
2,438

Deferred income tax (benefit) provision
 
(1,231
)
 
4

Other noncurrent assets and liabilities
 
(16,294
)
 
(45,125
)
Currency exchange losses (gains), net
 
1,726

 
(783
)
Excess tax provision (benefit) related to stock plans
 
508

 
(890
)
Other, net
 

 
1,045

Operating cash flow before changes in certain working capital items
 
54,079

 
16,498

Decrease (increase) in trade receivables
 
9,559

 
(13,794
)
(Increase) in inventories (Note 3)
 
(11,531
)
 
(33,725
)
(Increase) in income taxes receivable, prepaid expenses and other current assets
 
(5,907
)
 
(12,886
)
(Decrease) increase in accounts payable and accrued liabilities
 
(33,678
)
 
51,620

(Increase) in certain working capital items
 
(41,557
)
 
(8,785
)
Cash Flow From Operating Activities
 
12,522

 
7,713

Investing Activities
 
 
 
 
Capital expenditures
 
(10,595
)
 
(16,015
)
Property disposals and other investing (Note 19)
 
16,965

 
7,969

Cash Flow From (Used in) Investing Activities
 
6,370

 
(8,046
)
Financing Activities
 
 
 
 
Proceeds from short-term debt, net
 
156

 
4

Proceeds from long-term debt (Note 12)
 
234,664

 
191,000

(Payments on) long-term debt (Note 12)
 
(238,196
)
 
(173,000
)
Restricted cash
 
1,433

 
336

Cash dividends paid
 
(24,284
)
 
(23,522
)
Distributions to noncontrolling interests
 
(759
)
 

Company stock purchases
 
(1,644
)
 
(10,009
)
Exercise of stock options
 
4,387

 
1,194

Employee stock purchase plan
 
252

 
230

Excess tax (provision) benefit related to stock plans
 
(508
)
 
890

Cash Flow (Used in) Financing Activities
 
(24,499
)
 
(12,877
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
 
2,831

 
(4,654
)
(Decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
 
(2,776
)
 
(17,864
)
Beginning cash and cash equivalents
 
105,925

 
105,998

Ending cash and cash equivalents
 
$
103,149

 
$
88,134

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

-5-



MSA SAFETY INCORPORATED
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN RETAINED EARNINGS AND
ACCUMULATED OTHER COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
Unaudited
(In thousands)
Retained
Earnings
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
(Loss)
Balances March 31, 2015
$
833,255

 
$
(187,993
)
Net income
23,845

 

Foreign currency translation adjustments

 
3,891

Pension and post-retirement plan adjustments, net of tax of $1,477

 
2,623

Loss attributable to noncontrolling interests
453

 
196

Common dividends
(11,959
)
 

Preferred dividends
(10
)
 

Balances June 30, 2015
845,584

 
(181,283
)
 
 
 
 
Balances March 31, 2016
858,368

 
(190,580
)
Net income
31,931

 

Foreign currency translation adjustments

 
(15,056
)
Pension and post-retirement plan adjustments, net of tax of $1,042

 
1,894

(Income) attributable to noncontrolling interests
(848
)
 
(756
)
Reclassification from accumulated other comprehensive (loss) into earnings

 
2,022

Common dividends
(12,338
)
 

Preferred dividends
(10
)
 

Balances June 30, 2016
$
877,103

 
$
(202,476
)
(In thousands)
Retained
Earnings
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
(Loss)
Balances December 31, 2014
$
835,126

 
$
(166,730
)
Net income
33,295

 

Foreign currency translation adjustments

 
(20,159
)
Pension and post-retirement plan adjustments, net of tax of $2,894

 
5,152

Loss attributable to noncontrolling interests
685

 
454

Common dividends
(23,502
)
 

Preferred dividends
(20
)
 

Balances June 30, 2015
845,584

 
(181,283
)
 
 
 
 
Balances December 31, 2015
858,553

 
(208,199
)
Net income
44,004

 


Foreign currency translation adjustments

 
(1,108
)
Pension and post-retirement plan adjustments, net of tax of $2,086

 
3,786

(Income) attributable to noncontrolling interests
(1,170
)
 
(1,080
)
Reclassification from accumulated other comprehensive (loss) into earnings

 
4,125

Common dividends
(24,264
)
 

Preferred dividends
(20
)
 

Balances June 30, 2016
$
877,103

 
$
(202,476
)
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

-6-



MSA SAFETY INCORPORATED
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Unaudited
Note 1—Basis of Presentation
The Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements of MSA Safety Incorporated and its subsidiaries ("MSA" or the "Company") are unaudited. These Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements include all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring adjustments, considered necessary by management to fairly state the Company's results. Intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated. The results reported in these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the entire year. The December 31, 2015 condensed consolidated balance sheet data was derived from the audited consolidated balance sheet but does not include all disclosures required by generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). This Form 10-Q report should be read in conjunction with MSA's Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015, which includes all disclosures required by GAAP.
Certain segment results in previously issued financial statements were recast to conform to the current period presentation in Note 4, Note 8 and Note 12. Certain line items on the condensed consolidated statement of cash flows have been reclassified from the condensed consolidated statement of cash flows reported in our July 20, 2016 earnings release.
During the second quarter of 2016, the Company corrected its gain calculation on the disposition of the South African personal protective equipment distribution business and its Zambian operations. This resulted in a gain of approximately $2.5 million being recorded during the current quarter in discontinued operations that should have been recorded in the first quarter of 2016. The Company evaluated materiality in accordance with SEC Staff Accounting Bulletins Topics 1.M and 1.N and considered relevant qualitative and quantitative factors. The Company concluded that this modification was not material to the first quarter of 2016 or the trend in earnings over the affected periods. The modification had no effect on cash flows or debt covenant compliance.
Note 2— Recently Adopted and Recently Issued Accounting Standards
In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09, Revenue with Contracts from Customers. This ASU clarifies the principles for recognizing revenue such that an entity should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. In August 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-15, Revenue with Contracts from Customers. This ASU defers the effective date of the standard until January 1, 2018. In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-08, Principal versus Agent Considerations. This ASU clarifies the implementation guidance on principal versus agent considerations. In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-10, Identifying Performance Obligations and Licensing. This ASU clarifies the means by which a company should recognize revenue for goods and services provided. In May 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-11, Rescission of SEC Guidance Because of Accounting Standards Updates 2014-09 and 2014-16 Pursuant to Staff Announcements at the March 3, 2016 EITF Meeting. This ASU rescinds previous revenue recognition guidance upon the adoption of ASU 2014-09. In May 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-12, Revenue with Contracts from Customers. This ASU clarifies narrow aspects of the new revenue recognition model, including the collectibility criterion, the presentation of sales taxes and other taxes collected from customers, and non-cash consideration. Additionally, this ASU provides guidance on contract modifications at transition and completed contracts at transition. The Company is currently evaluating the impact that the adoption of these ASUs will have on the consolidated financial statements. We have conducted a risk assessment and are working with outside consultants to develop a transition plan that will enable us to meet the implementation requirement.
In June 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-12, Accounting for Share-Based Payments When the Terms of an Award Provide That a Performance Target Could be Achieved after the Requisite Service Period. This ASU clarifies the accounting treatment for share based payment awards that contain performance targets. This ASU was adopted on January 1, 2016. The adoption of this ASU did not have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.
In August 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-15, Presentation of Financial Statements - Going Concern. This ASU clarifies management's responsibility to evaluate whether there is a substantial doubt about the entity's ability to continue as a going concern and provides guidance for related footnote disclosures. This ASU will be effective for the annual period ending December 31, 2016. The adoption of this ASU is not expected to have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.

-7-



In January 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-01, Income Statement - Extraordinary and Unusual Items. This ASU eliminates the requirement to separately present and disclose extraordinary and unusual items in the financial statements. This ASU was adopted on January 1, 2016. The adoption of this ASU did not have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.
In February 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-02, Amendments to the Consolidation Analysis. This ASU changes the analysis that an entity must perform to determine whether it should consolidate certain types of legal entities. This ASU was adopted on January 1, 2016. The adoption of this ASU did not have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.
In April 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-03, Imputation of Interest - Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs. This ASU simplifies the presentation of debt issuance costs and requires that debt issuance costs related to a recognized debt liability be presented in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of that debt liability. In August 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-15, Imputation of Interest - Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs. This ASU simplifies the presentation of debt issuance costs for line of credit arrangements. These ASUs were adopted on January 1, 2016. The Consolidated Balance Sheet as of December 31, 2015 has been adjusted to apply the change in accounting principle retrospectively, which resulted in a decrease in Prepaid expenses and other current assets of $0.4 million, a decrease in Other noncurrent assets of $1.5 million, a decrease in the current portion of long-term debt, net of $17 thousand, and a decrease in long-term debt of $1.9 million as of December 31, 2015. There was no impact to the Statements of Consolidated Income as a result of the change in accounting principle. Prior year balances in Note 12 were also adjusted to conform with current year presentation.
In April 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-04, Retirement Benefits - Practical Expedient for the Measurement Date of an Employer's Defined Benefit Obligation and Plan Assets. This ASU allows entities with a fiscal year end that does not coincide with a month end to use the closest month end for measurement purposes. This ASU also allows entities that have a significant event in an interim period that calls for a remeasurement of defined benefit plan assets and obligations to use the month end date that is closest to the date of the significant event. This ASU was adopted on January 1, 2016. The adoption of this ASU did not have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.
In April 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-05, Goodwill and Other Internal Use Software - Customer's Accounting for Fees Paid in a Cloud Computing Arrangement. This ASU clarifies when entities should account for fees paid in a cloud computing arrangement as a software license or service contract. This ASU was adopted on January 1, 2016 and was implemented on a prospective basis. The adoption of this ASU did not have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.
In July 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-11, Simplifying the Measurement of Inventory. This ASU requires inventory to be measured at the lower of cost and net realizable value. This ASU applies to inventory measured using the first-in, first-out (FIFO) or average cost methods only. This ASU will be effective beginning in 2017. The adoption of this ASU is not expected to have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.
In July 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-12, Plan Accounting: Defined Benefit Pension Plans (Topic 960), Defined Contribution Pension Plans (Topic 962), Health and Welfare Benefit Plans (Topic 965). This ASU simplifies complexities within employee benefit plan accounting including Fully Benefit-Responsive Investment Contracts, Plan Investment Disclosures, and the Measurement Date Practical Expedient. This ASU was adopted on January 1, 2016. The adoption of this ASU did not have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.
In September 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-16, Simplifying the Accounting for Measurement-Period Adjustments. This ASU simplifies the accounting for adjustments made to provisional amounts recognized in a business combination. The amendments in this Update eliminate the requirement to retrospectively account for those adjustments. MSA elected to early adopt this standard for the period ended December 31, 2015. The adoption of this ASU could have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements to the extent that measurement-period adjustments for business combinations are identified.
In November 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-17, Balance Sheet Classification of Deferred Taxes. This ASU simplifies the presentation of deferred income taxes. The amendments in this Update require that deferred tax liabilities and assets be classified as noncurrent in a classified statement of financial position. This ASU is effective for financial statements issued for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016, and interim periods within those annual periods. Early adoption is permitted. MSA elected to early adopt this standard for the period ended December 31, 2015. We elected to apply the amendments in this update retrospectively.
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases. This ASU requires lessees to record a right of use asset and a liability for virtually all leases. This ASU will be effective beginning in 2019. The Company continues to evaluate the impact that the adoption of this ASU will have on the consolidated financial statements.

-8-



In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-09, Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting. This ASU simplifies the accounting for many aspects associated with share-based payment accounting including income taxes and the use of forfeiture rates. This ASU will be effective beginning in 2017. The Company is currently evaluating the impact that the adoption of these ASU will have on the consolidated financial statements.
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Allowance for Loan and Lease Losses. This ASU introduces an approach based on expected losses to estimate credit losses on certain types of financial instruments including loans, held-to-maturity debt securities, loan commitments, financial guarantees and net investments in leases as well as reinsurance and trade receivables. This ASU will be effective beginning in 2020. The Company is currently evaluating the impact that the adoption of these ASU will have on the consolidated financial statements and expects that adoption will result in increased disclosure.
Note 3—Inventories
The following table sets forth the components of inventory:
(In thousands)
 
June 30, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
Finished products
 
$
72,601

 
$
74,929

Work in process
 
6,438

 
8,979

Raw materials and supplies
 
95,145

 
85,643

Inventories at current cost
 
174,184

 
169,551

Less: LIFO valuation
 
(43,702
)
 
(43,702
)
Total inventories
 
$
130,482

 
$
125,849

Note 4—Restructuring and Other Charges
During the three and six months ended June 30, 2016, we recorded restructuring charges, net of adjustments, of $1.3 million and $1.8 million, respectively. International segment restructuring charges of $2.2 million during the six months ended June 30, 2016 were related to severance costs for staff reductions associated with ongoing initiatives to right size our operations in Europe and Asia. Americas segment restructuring charges of $0.7 million during the six months ended June 30, 2016 related primarily to severance from staff reductions in Latin America. Favorable adjustments for changes in estimates on employee restructuring reserves of $1.1 million were made during the six months ended June 30, 2016.
During the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, we recorded restructuring charges of $0.2 million and $1.0 million, respectively. International segment charges of $0.8 million for the six months ended June 30, 2015 were primarily related to severance costs for staff reductions associated with ongoing initiatives to right size our operations in China and Australia.
Activity and reserve balances for restructuring charges by segment were as follows:
(in millions)
Americas
 
International
 
Corporate
 
Total
Reserve balances at December 31, 2014
$
0.2

 
$
2.6

 
$

 
$
2.8

Restructuring charges
3.3

 
7.4

 
1.6

 
$
12.3

Cash payments
(1.9
)
 
(4.6
)
 
(0.5
)
 
$
(7.0
)
Reserve balances at December 31, 2015
$
1.6

 
$
5.4

 
$
1.1

 
$
8.1

Restructuring charges
0.7

 
2.2

 

 
2.9

Adjustments and other
(0.5
)
 
(0.1
)
 
(0.5
)
 
(1.1
)
Cash payments
(1.4
)
 
(3.8
)
 
(0.1
)
 
(5.3
)
Reserve balances at June 30, 2016
$
0.4

 
$
3.7

 
$
0.5

 
$
4.6


-9-



Note 5—Property, Plant and Equipment
The following table sets forth the components of property, plant and equipment:
(In thousands)
June 30, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
Land
$
2,794

 
$
2,929

Buildings
113,213

 
114,324

Machinery and equipment
358,308

 
345,064

Construction in progress
10,161

 
12,451

Total
484,476

 
474,768

Less: accumulated depreciation
(332,557
)
 
(318,929
)
Net property, plant and equipment
$
151,919

 
$
155,839

Note 6—Reclassifications Out of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
The changes in Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss by component were as follows:
 
 
MSA Safety Incorporated
 
Noncontrolling Interests
 
 
Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
Three Months Ended
June 30,
(In thousands)
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Pension and other postretirement benefits
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at beginning of period
 
$
(117,497
)
 
$
(123,041
)
 
$

 
$

Amounts reclassified from Accumulated other comprehensive loss:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Amortization of prior service cost
 
(90
)
 
17

 

 

Recognized net actuarial losses
 
3,026

 
4,083

 

 

Tax benefit
 
(1,042
)
 
(1,477
)
 

 

Total amount reclassified from Accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of tax
 
1,894

 
2,623

 

 

Balance at end of period
 
$
(115,603
)
 
$
(120,418
)
 
$

 
$

Foreign Currency Translation
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at beginning of period
 
$
(73,083
)
 
$
(64,952
)
 
$
(3,292
)
 
$
(2,457
)
Reclassification into earnings
 
1,252

 

 
770

 

Foreign currency translation adjustments
 
(15,042
)
 
4,087

 
(14
)
 
(196
)
Balance at end of period
 
$
(86,873
)
 
$
(60,865
)
 
$
(2,536
)
 
$
(2,653
)

-10-



 
 
MSA Safety Incorporated
 
Noncontrolling Interests
 
 
Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
Six Months Ended
June 30,
(In thousands)
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Pension and other postretirement benefits
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at beginning of period
 
$
(119,389
)
 
$
(125,570
)
 
$

 
$

Amounts reclassified from Accumulated other comprehensive loss:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Amortization of prior service cost
 
(180
)
 
34

 

 

Recognized net actuarial losses
 
6,052

 
8,012

 

 

Tax benefit
 
(2,086
)
 
(2,894
)
 

 

Total amount reclassified from Accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of tax
 
3,786

 
5,152

 

 

Balance at end of period
 
$
(115,603
)
 
$
(120,418
)
 
$

 
$

Foreign Currency Translation
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at beginning of period
 
$
(88,810
)
 
$
(41,160
)
 
$
(3,616
)
 
$
(2,199
)
Reclassification into earnings
 
3,355

 

 
770

 

Foreign currency translation adjustments
 
(1,418
)
 
(19,705
)
 
310

 
(454
)
Balance at end of period
 
$
(86,873
)
 
$
(60,865
)
 
$
(2,536
)
 
$
(2,653
)
The reclassifications out of accumulated other comprehensive loss are included in the computation of net periodic pension and other post-retirement benefit costs (see Note 15—Pensions and Other Post-Retirement Benefits).
Note 7—Capital Stock
Preferred Stock - The Company has authorized 100,000 shares of $50 par value 4.5% cumulative preferred nonvoting stock which is callable at $52.50. There are 71,340 shares issued and 52,878 shares held in treasury at June 30, 2016. There were no treasury purchases of preferred stock during the six months ended June 30, 2016. The Company has also authorized 1,000,000 shares of $10 par value second cumulative preferred voting stock. No shares have been issued as of June 30, 2016.
Common Stock - The Company has authorized 180,000,000 shares of no par value common stock. There were 62,081,391 shares issued as of December 31, 2015. No new shares have been issued in 2016. There were 37,507,602 and 37,372,474 shares outstanding at June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively.
Treasury Shares - In 2015, the Board of Directors adopted a stock repurchase program. The program authorizes up to $100.0 million to repurchase MSA common stock in the open market and in private transactions. The share purchase program has no expiration date. The maximum shares that may be purchased is calculated based on the dollars remaining under the program and the respective month-end closing share price. No shares were repurchased during the six months ended June 30, 2016. We do not have any other share purchase programs. There were 24,573,789 and 24,708,917 Treasury Shares at June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively.
The Company issues Treasury Shares for all share based benefit plans. Shares are issued from Treasury at the average Treasury Share cost on the date of the transaction. There were 172,237 Treasury Shares issued for these purposes during the six months ended June 30, 2016.
Note 8—Segment Information
We are organized into six geographic operating segments based on management responsibilities. The operating segments have been aggregated (based on economic similarities, the nature of their products, end-user markets and methods of distribution) into three reportable segments: Americas, International, and Corporate.
The Americas and International segments were established on January 1, 2016. The Americas segment is comprised of our operations in North America and Latin America geographies. The International segment is comprised of our operations of all geographies outside of the Americas. Certain global expenses are now allocated to each segment in a manner consistent with where the benefits from the expenses are derived. The 2015 segment results have been recast to conform with current period presentation.
The Company's sales are allocated to each country based primarily on the destination of the end-customer.

-11-



Adjusted operating income (loss) and adjusted operating margin are the measures used by the chief operating decision maker to evaluate segment performance and allocate resources. Adjusted operating income (loss) is defined as operating income from continuing operations excluding restructuring charges and currency exchange gains (losses). Adjusted operating margin is defined as adjusted operating income (loss) divided by segment sales to external customers. Adjusted operating income (loss) and adjusted operating margin are not recognized terms under GAAP and therefore do not purport to be alternatives to operating income or operating margin from continuing operations as a measure of operating performance. Further, the Company's measure of adjusted operating income and adjusted operating margin may not be comparable to similarly titled measures of other companies. Adjusted operating income on a consolidated basis is presented in the following table to reconcile the segment operating performance measure to operating income as presented on the condensed consolidated statement of income.
Reportable segment information is presented in the following table:
(In thousands)
 
Americas
 
International
 
Corporate
 
Reconciling
Items
1
 
Consolidated
Totals
Three Months Ended June 30, 2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sales to external customers
 
$
177,623

 
$
118,375

 
$

 
$

 
$
295,998

Intercompany sales
 
30,037

 
69,648

 

 
(99,685
)
 

Adjusted operating income (loss)
 
44,671

 
12,741

 
(8,417
)
 

 
48,995

Adjusted operating margin %
 
25.1
%
 
10.8
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
Restructuring and other charges
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(1,338
)
Currency exchange gains, net
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
242

Operating income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
47,899

Total Assets
 
$
893,997

 
$
516,064

 
$
4,675

 
$
1,513

 
$
1,416,249

Six Months Ended June 30, 2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sales to external customers
 
$
344,965

 
$
230,301

 
$

 
$

 
$
575,266

Intercompany sales
 
57,869

 
130,337

 

 
(188,206
)
 

Adjusted operating income (loss)
 
76,016

 
21,148

 
(17,022
)
 


 
80,142

Adjusted operating margin %
 
22.0
%
 
9.2
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
Restructuring and other charges
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(1,808
)
Currency exchange (losses), net
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(1,708
)
Operating income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
76,626

Total Assets
 
$
893,997

 
$
516,064

 
$
4,675

 
$
1,513

 
$
1,416,249


-12-



(In thousands)
 
Americas
 
International
 
Corporate
 
Reconciling
Items
1
 
Consolidated
Totals
Three Months Ended June 30, 2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sales to external customers
 
$
179,565

 
$
107,446

 
$

 
$

 
$
287,011

Intercompany sales
 
35,242

 
61,064

 

 
(96,306
)
 

Adjusted operating income (loss)
 
37,454

 
10,892

 
(8,429
)
 

 
39,917

Adjusted operating margin %
 
20.9
%
 
10.1
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
Restructuring and other charges
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(227
)
Currency exchange (losses), net
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(1,557
)
Operating income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
38,133

Total Assets
 
$
908,868

 
$
363,012

 
$
3,571

 
$
9,919

 
$
1,285,370

Six Months Ended June 30, 2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sales to external customers
 
$
338,067

 
$
205,652

 
$

 
$

 
$
543,719

Intercompany sales
 
71,418

 
112,174

 

 
(183,592
)
 

Adjusted operating income (loss)
 
61,363

 
18,461

 
(15,366
)
 


 
64,458

Adjusted operating margin %
 
18.2
%
 
9.0
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
Restructuring and other charges
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(958
)
Currency exchange gains, net
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
991

Operating income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
64,491

Total Assets
 
$
908,868

 
$
363,012

 
$
3,571

 
$
9,919

 
$
1,285,370

1Reconciling items consist primarily of intercompany eliminations and items not directly attributable to operating segments
The percentage of total sales by product group were as follows:
Three Months Ended June 30,
2016
 
2015
Total net sales
100%
 
100%
Breathing Apparatus
27%
 
23%
Fixed Gas & Flame Detection
18%
 
22%
Portable Gas Detection
14%
 
13%
Industrial Head Protection
11%
 
12%
Fall Protection
8%
 
4%
Fire & Rescue Helmets
5%
 
5%
Other
17%
 
21%
Six Months Ended June 30,
2016
 
2015
Total net sales
100%
 
100%
Breathing Apparatus
28%
 
23%
Fixed Gas & Flame Detection
19%
 
22%
Portable Gas Detection
13%
 
14%
Industrial Head Protection
10%
 
12%
Fall Protection
8%
 
4%
Fire & Rescue Helmets
5%
 
5%
Other
17%
 
20%

-13-



Note 9—Earnings per Share
Basic earnings per share attributable to MSA Safety Incorporated common shareholders is computed by dividing net income, after the deduction of preferred stock dividends and undistributed earnings allocated to participating securities, by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share attributable to MSA Safety Incorporated common shareholders assumes the issuance of common stock for all potentially dilutive share equivalents outstanding not classified as participating securities. Participating securities are defined as unvested stock-based payment awards that contain nonforfeitable rights to dividends.
Amounts attributable to MSA Safety Incorporated common shareholders:
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
(In thousands, except per share amounts)
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Net income attributable to continuing operations
 
$
29,306

 
$
23,722

 
$
41,989

 
$
33,038

Preferred stock dividends
 
(9
)
 
(10
)
 
(19
)
 
(20
)
Income from continuing operations available to common equity
 
29,297

 
23,712

 
41,970

 
33,018

Dividends and undistributed earnings allocated to participating securities
 
(48
)
 
(68
)
 
(67
)
 
(96
)
Income from continuing operations available to common shareholders
 
29,249

 
23,644

 
41,903

 
32,922

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income attributable to discontinued operations
 
$
1,777

 
$
576

 
$
845

 
$
942

Preferred stock dividends
 
(1
)
 

 
(1
)
 

Income from discontinued operations available to common equity
 
1,776

 
576

 
844

 
942

Dividends and undistributed earnings allocated to participating securities
 
(3
)
 
(2
)
 
(2
)
 
(3
)
Income from discontinued operations available to common shareholders
 
1,773

 
574

 
842

 
939

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic weighted-average shares outstanding
 
37,411

 
37,351

 
37,368

 
37,323

Stock options and other stock compensation
 
449

 
475

 
439

 
484

Diluted weighted-average shares outstanding
 
37,860

 
37,826

 
37,807

 
37,807

Antidilutive stock options
 
143

 
492

 
143

 
492

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings per share attributable to continuing operations:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
$
0.78

 
$
0.63

 
$
1.12

 
$
0.88

Diluted
 
$
0.77

 
$
0.62

 
$
1.11

 
$
0.87

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings per share attributable to discontinued operations:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
$
0.05

 
$
0.02

 
$
0.02

 
$
0.03

Diluted
 
$
0.05

 
$
0.01

 
$
0.02

 
$
0.03

Note 10—Income Taxes
The Company's effective tax rate for the second quarter of 2016 and 2015 was 33.8% and 34.6%, respectively. The 33.8% tax rate from the second quarter of 2016 differs from the U.S. federal statutory rate of 35% primarily due to a favorable mix of income sourced from lower tax jurisdictions and benefits associated with U.S. tax credits for research and development and the manufacturing deduction. The 34.6% rate for the second quarter of 2015 differs from the U.S. federal statutory rate of 35% primarily due to income sourced from lower tax jurisdictions.
The effective tax rate for the six month period of 2016 was 39.2%, inclusive of 5.1% associated with exit taxes related to our European reorganization. The 39.2% rate for the six month period of 2016 differs from the U.S. federal statutory rate of 35% primarily due to exit taxes, partially offset by a favorable mix of income sourced from lower tax jurisdictions and benefits associated with U.S. tax credits for research and development and the manufacturing deduction. The effective tax rate for the six month period of 2015 was 46.0%, inclusive of 12.6% associated with exit taxes related to our European reorganization. The 46.0% rate for the six month period of 2015 differs from the U.S. federal statutory rate of 35% primarily due to exit taxes, partially offset by income sourced from lower tax jurisdictions.

-14-



At June 30, 2016, the Company had a gross liability for unrecognized tax benefits of $13.1 million. The Company has recognized tax benefits associated with these liabilities of $2.4 million at June 30, 2016. The gross liability includes amounts associated with prior period foreign tax exposure.
The Company recognizes interest related to unrecognized tax benefits in interest expense and penalties in operating expenses. The Company's liability for accrued interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions was $1.2 million at June 30, 2016.
Note 11—Stock Plans
The 2008 Management Equity Incentive Plan provides for various forms of stock-based compensation for eligible employees through May 2018. Management stock-based compensation includes stock options, restricted stock, restricted stock units, and performance stock units. The 2008 Non-Employee Directors’ Equity Incentive Plan provides for grants of stock options and restricted stock to non-employee directors through May 2018. We issue treasury shares for stock option exercises, restricted stock grants, restricted stock unit grants, and performance stock unit grants. Please refer to Note 7 for further information regarding stock compensation share issuance.
Stock compensation expense is as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
(In thousands)
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Stock compensation expense
 
$
1,453

 
$
1,806

 
$
6,951

 
$
6,787

Income tax benefit
 
563

 
684

 
2,695

 
2,596

Stock compensation expense, net of income tax benefit
 
$
890

 
$
1,122

 
$
4,256

 
$
4,191

Stock options are granted at market value and expire after ten years. Stock options are exercisable beginning three years after the grant date. Stock option expense is based on the fair value of stock option grants estimated on the grant dates using the Black-Scholes option pricing model and the following weighted average assumptions for options granted in 2016.
Fair value per option
$11.69
Risk-free interest rate
1.64
%
Expected dividend yield
2.81
%
Expected volatility
33.71
%
Expected life (years)
7.01

The risk-free interest rate is based on the U.S. Treasury Constant Maturity rates as of the grant date converted into an implied spot rate yield curve. Expected dividend yield is based on the most recent annualized dividend divided by the 1 year average closing share price. Expected volatility is based on the historical volatility using daily stock prices. Expected life is based on historical stock option exercise data.
A summary of stock option activity for the six months ended June 30, 2016 follows:
 
 
Shares
 
Weighted Average
Exercise Price
Outstanding at January 1, 2016
 
1,694,675

 
$
36.69

Granted
 
235,233

 
44.50

Exercised
 
(111,990
)
 
39.17

Forfeited
 
(6,173
)
 
46.95

Outstanding at June 30, 2016
 
1,811,745

 
37.51

Exercisable at June 30, 2016
 
1,316,322

 
$
33.79


-15-



Restricted stock and restricted stock units are valued at the market value of the stock on the grant date. A summary of restricted stock and unit activity for the six months ended June 30, 2016 follows:
 
 
Shares
 
Weighted Average
Grant Date Fair Value
Unvested at January 1, 2016
 
217,709

 
$
49.70

Granted
 
80,456

 
45.12

Vested
 
(64,570
)
 
48.97

Forfeited
 
(3,978
)
 
49.33

Unvested at June 30, 2016
 
229,617

 
$
48.20

Performance stock units have a market condition modifier and are valued on the grant date using a Monte Carlo valuation model to determine fair value. The final number of shares to be issued for performance stock units may range from zero to 200% of the target award based on achieving the specified performance targets over the performance period. The following weighted average assumptions were used in the Monte Carlo model for units granted in 2016 with a market condition modifier.
Fair value per unit
$43.77
Risk-free interest rate
0.96
%
Expected dividend yield
2.81
%
Expected volatility
29.00
%
MSA stock beta
1.202

The risk-free interest rate is based on the U.S. Treasury Constant Maturity rates as of the grant date converted into an implied spot rate yield curve. Expected dividend yield is based on the most recent annualized dividend divided by the 1 year average closing share price. Expected volatility is based on the historical volatility using daily stock prices. Stock beta is calculated with three years of daily price data.
A summary of performance stock unit activity for the six months ended June 30, 2016 follows:
 
 
Shares
 
Weighted Average
Grant Date Fair Value
Unvested at January 1, 2016
 
171,644

 
$
50.24

Granted
 
64,800

 
44.08

Performance adjustments
 
(15,594
)
 
58.54

Vested
 
(31,181
)
 
58.54

Forfeited
 
(1,903
)
 
46.67

Unvested at June 30, 2016
 
187,766

 
$
46.08

The performance adjustments above relate to the final number of shares issued for the 2013 Management Performance Units, which were 66.6% of the target award based on Total Shareholder Return during the three year performance period, and vested in the first quarter of 2016.
Note 12—Long-Term Debt
On January 1, 2016, the Company adopted ASU 2015-03 Imputation of Interest - Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs and ASU 2015-15 Imputation of Interest - Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs. As a result of the adoption of these ASUs, our debt balances are now reported net of debt issuance costs. December 31, 2015 debt balances have been adjusted to conform with current year presentation.

-16-



(In thousands)
June 30, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
2006 Senior Notes payable through 2021, 5.41%, net of debt issuance costs
$
40,000

 
$
39,999

2010 Senior Notes payable through 2021, 4.00%, net of debt issuance costs
100,000

 
100,000

2016 Senior Notes payable through 2031, 3.40%, net of debt issuance costs
73,028

 

Senior revolving credit facility maturing in 2020, net of debt issuance costs
240,716

 
324,673

Total
453,744

 
464,672

Amounts due within one year, net of debt issuance costs
6,657

 
6,650

Long-term debt, net of debt issuance costs
$
447,087

 
$
458,022

Under the 2015 Amended and Restated Credit Agreement associated with our senior revolving credit facility, the Company may elect either a Base rate of interest (“BASE”) or an interest rate based on the London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”). The BASE is a daily fluctuating per annum rate equal to the highest of (i) the Prime Rate, (ii) the Federal Funds Open Rate plus one half of one percent (0.5%) or (iii) the Daily Libor Rate plus one percent (1.00%). The Company pays a credit spread of 0 to 175 basis points based on the Company’s net EBITDA leverage ratio and elected rate (BASE or LIBOR). The Company has a weighted average revolver interest rate of 1.97% as of June 30, 2016. At June 30, 2016, $328.8 million of the existing $575.0 million senior revolving credit facility was unused including letters of credit.
On January 22, 2016, the Company entered into a multi-currency note purchase and private shelf agreement, pursuant to which MSA issued notes in an aggregate original principal amount of £54.9 million (approximately $80.0 million). The notes are repayable in annual installments of £6.1 million (approximately $8.9 million), commencing January 22, 2023, with a final payment of any remaining amount outstanding on January 22, 2031. The interest rate on these notes is fixed at 3.4%. The note purchase agreement requires MSA to comply with specified financial covenants including a requirement to maintain a minimum fixed charges coverage ratio of not less than 1.50 to 1.00 and a consolidated leverage ratio not to exceed 3.25 to 1.00; in each case calculated on the basis of the trailing four fiscal quarters. In addition, the note purchase agreement contains negative covenants limiting the ability of MSA and its subsidiaries to incur additional indebtedness or issue guarantees, create or incur liens, make loans and investments, make acquisitions, transfer or sell assets, enter into transactions with affiliated parties, make changes in its organizational documents that are materially adverse to lenders or modify the nature of MSA's or its subsidiaries' business.
The revolving credit facilities and note purchase agreements require the Company to comply with specified financial covenants. In addition, the credit facilities and the note purchase agreements contain negative covenants limiting the ability of the Company and its subsidiaries to enter into specified transactions. The Company was in compliance with all covenants at June 30, 2016.
The Company had outstanding bank guarantees and standby letters of credit with banks as of June 30, 2016 totaling $7.8 million, of which $3.7 million relate to the senior revolving credit facility. The letters of credit serve to cover customer requirements in connection with certain sales orders and insurance companies. No amounts were drawn on these arrangements at June 30, 2016. The Company is also required to provide cash collateral in connection with certain arrangements. At June 30, 2016, the Company has $1.0 million of restricted cash in support of these arrangements.
Note 13—Goodwill and Intangible Assets
Changes in goodwill during the six months ended June 30, 2016 are as follows:
(In thousands)
Goodwill
Balance at January 1, 2016
$
340,338

Disposal
(198
)
Currency translation
(8,001
)
Balance at June 30, 2016
$
332,139

At June 30, 2016, the Company had goodwill of $198.9 million and $133.2 million related to the Americas and International reportable segments, respectively.
During the 2016 first quarter, we sold 100% of the stock of associated with our South African personal protective equipment distribution business and our Zambian operations, as disclosed in Note 19. This transaction resulted in a $0.2 million disposal of goodwill.

-17-



Changes in intangible assets, net of accumulated amortization during the six months ended June 30, 2016 are as follows:
(In thousands)
Intangible Assets
Net balance at January 1, 2016
$
90,068

Amortization expense
(3,947
)
Currency translation
(5,647
)
Net balance at June 30, 2016
$
80,474

Note 14—Acquisitions
On October 21, 2015, MSA Safety Incorporated acquired Latchways plc and its affiliated companies, Latchways Australia Pty Limited ("LA"), Latchways Inc. ("LI"), HCL Group Plc ("HCL"), Height Solutions Limited ("HSL"), and Sigma 6 d.o.o. ('Sigma 6"), collectively referred to as ("Latchways"), for $190.9 million. There is no contingent consideration.
The acquisition was funded through cash on hand and borrowings on our $125.0 million unsecured senior revolving credit facility, which was subsequently repaid in December 2015.
Latchways is a global provider of innovative fall protection systems based in the United Kingdom. Latchways solutions are found throughout the aerospace, power transmission, utility and telecommunication sectors, and Latchways products are integrated with major roofing and tower systems. In addition to providing us with greater access to the fall protection market, we believe that the acquisition significantly enhances our long-term corporate strategy in fall protection by providing us with world-class research and development talent and an industry-leading product line. While Latchways products are sold globally, its operations most significantly impact our International segment.
The following table summarizes the preliminary fair values of the Latchways assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the date of acquisition:
(In millions)
October 21, 2015
Current assets (including cash of $10.6 million)
$
35.7

Property, plant and equipment
9.5

Trade name and acquired technology
14.6

Customer-related intangibles
53.0

Goodwill
98.0

Total assets acquired
210.8

Total liabilities assumed
19.9

Net assets acquired
$
190.9

The amounts in the table above are subject to change upon completion of the valuation of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed. This valuation is expected to be completed by the 2016 third quarter.
Assets acquired and liabilities assumed in connection with the acquisition have been recorded at their fair values. Fair values were determined by management, based, in part on an independent valuation performed by a third party valuation specialist. The valuation methods used to determine the fair value of intangible assets included the excess earnings approach for customer relationships and technology related intangible assets; the relief from royalty method for trade name; and the cost method for assembled workforce which is included in goodwill. A number of significant assumptions and estimates were involved in the application of these valuation methods, including sales volumes and prices, costs to produce, tax rates, capital spending, discount rates, and working capital changes. Cash flow forecasts were generally based on Latchways pre-acquisition forecasts coupled with estimated MSA sales synergies. Identifiable intangible assets with finite lives are subject to amortization over their estimated useful lives. The identifiable intangible assets acquired in the Latchways transaction will be amortized over an estimated amortization period of 15 years. Estimated future amortization expense related to these identifiable intangible assets is approximately $4.5 million in each of the next five years. The step up to fair value of acquired inventory as part of the purchase price allocation totaled $1.6 million. We amortized $0.9 million of this step up in inventory value in 2015, and expect to amortize approximately $0.7 million in 2016. Estimated future depreciation expense related to Latchways property, plant and equipment is approximately $0.9 million in each of the next five years.

-18-



Goodwill is calculated as the excess of the purchase price over the fair value of net assets acquired and represents the future economic benefits arising from other assets acquired that could not be individually identified and separately recognized. Among the factors that contributed to a purchase price in excess of the fair value of the net tangible and intangible assets acquired were the acquisition of an assembled workforce, the expected synergies and other benefits that we believe will result from combining the operations of Latchways with our operations. Goodwill related to the Latchways acquisition has been recorded in our reportable segments as follows: $96.6 million in the International segment and $1.4 million in Americas segment. Goodwill is not expected to be tax deductible.
Our results for the six months ended June 30, 2016 include integration costs of $0.5 million ($0.4 million after tax). These costs are reported in selling, general and administrative expenses in the accompanying condensed consolidated statement of income.
The operating results of Latchways have been included in our consolidated financial statements from the acquisition date. Our results for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 include Latchways sales of $13.2 million and $28.9 million, respectively. Our results for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 include Latchways net income of $0.5 million and $1.4 million, respectively. Latchways net income for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 includes an increase in cost of sales of $0.2 million ($0.1 million after tax) and $0.5 million ($0.3 million after tax), respectively, related to the turn of the fair value step-up of inventories acquired as well as interest expense incurred by MSA associated with debt used to fund the acquisition.
The following unaudited pro forma information presents our combined results as if the acquisition had occurred at the beginning of 2015. The unaudited pro forma financial information was prepared to give effect to events that are (1) directly attributable to the merger; (2) factually supportable; and (3) expected to have a continuing impact on the combined company’s results. There were no material transactions between us and Latchways during the periods presented that are required to be eliminated. Transactions between Latchways companies during the periods presented have been eliminated in the unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information. The unaudited pro forma financial information does not reflect any cost savings, operating synergies or revenue enhancements that the combined company may achieve as a result of the acquisitions or the costs to integrate the operations or the costs necessary to achieve cost savings, operating synergies or revenue enhancements.
Pro forma financial information (Unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
Six Months Ended
June 30,
(In millions, except per share amounts)
2016
2015
 
2016
2015
Net sales
$
296.0

$
297.8

 
$
575.3

$
568.3

Income from continuing operations
29.3

24.2

 
42.0

35.7

Basic earnings per share from continuing operations
0.78

0.65

 
1.12

0.96

Diluted earnings per share from continuing operations
0.77

0.64

 
1.11

0.94

The unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information is presented for information purposes only and is not intended to represent or be indicative of the combined results of operations or financial position that we would have reported had the acquisitions been completed as of the date and for the periods presented, and should not be taken as representative of our consolidated results of operations or financial condition following the acquisition. In addition, the unaudited proforma condensed combined financial information is not intended to project the future financial position or results of operations of the combined company.

-19-



Note 15—Pensions and Other Postretirement Benefits
Components of net periodic benefit cost consisted of the following:
 
 
Pension Benefits
 
Other Benefits
(In thousands)
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Service cost
 
$
2,634

 
$
2,904

 
$
106

 
$
111

Interest cost
 
4,702

 
4,593

 
237

 
216

Expected return on plan assets
 
(8,682
)
 
(8,537
)
 

 

Amortization of prior service cost
 
15

 
17

 
(105
)
 
(84
)
Recognized net actuarial losses
 
3,009

 
4,083

 
17

 
7

Settlements
 
20

 
33

 

 

Net periodic benefit cost
 
$
1,698

 
$
3,093

 
$
255

 
$
250

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Service cost
 
$
5,268

 
$
5,808

 
$
212

 
$
222

Interest cost
 
9,404

 
9,186

 
474

 
432

Expected return on plan assets
 
(17,364
)
 
(17,074
)
 

 

Amortization of prior service cost
 
30

 
34

 
(210
)
 
(168
)
Recognized net actuarial losses
 
6,018

 
8,012

 
34

 
14

Settlements
 
40

 
66

 

 

Net periodic benefit cost
 
$
3,396

 
$
6,032

 
$
510

 
$
500

We made contributions of $3.1 million to our pension plans during the six months ended June 30, 2016. We expect to make total contributions of approximately $6.2 million to our pension plans in 2016 which are primarily associated with our International segment.
Note 16—Derivative Financial Instruments
As part of our currency exchange rate risk management strategy, we may enter into certain derivative foreign currency forward contracts that do not meet the U.S. GAAP criteria for hedge accounting, but which have the impact of partially offsetting certain foreign currency exposures. We account for these forward contracts at fair value and report the related gains or losses in currency exchange gains or losses in the condensed consolidated statement of income. The notional amount of open forward contracts was $67.8 million and $58.6 million at June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively.
The following table presents the balance sheet location and fair value of assets associated with derivative financial instruments:
(In thousands)
 
June 30, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments:
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange contracts: other current liabilities
 
$
978

 
$
581

Foreign exchange contracts: other current assets
 
329

 
401

The following table presents the statement of income location and impact of derivative financial instruments:
 
 
 
 
Loss
Recognized in Income
 
 
 
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
(In thousands)
 
Statement of Income
Location
 
2016
 
2015
Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments:
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange contracts
 
Currency exchange losses
 
$
1,694

 
$
1,100


-20-



Note 17—Fair Value Measurements
Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. The fair value hierarchy consists of three broad levels, which gives the highest priority to unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities (Level 1) and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs (Level 3). The three levels of the fair value hierarchy are:
Level 1—Observable inputs that reflect unadjusted quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in active markets.
Level 2—Inputs other than quoted prices included within Level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly.
Level 3—Unobservable inputs for the asset or liability.
The valuation methodologies we used to measure financial assets and liabilities were limited to the derivative financial instruments described in Note 16. We estimate the fair value of the derivative financial instruments, consisting of foreign currency forward contracts, based upon valuation models with inputs that generally can be verified by observable market conditions and do not involve significant management judgment. Accordingly, the fair values of the derivative financial instruments are classified within Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy.
With the exception of fixed rate long-term debt, we believe that the reported carrying amounts of our financial assets and liabilities approximate their fair values. The reported carrying amount of our fixed rate long-term debt (including the current portion) was $213.1 million and $146.7 million at June 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively. The fair value of this debt was $231.4 million and $153.3 million at June 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively. The fair value of this debt was determined by evaluating like rated companies with publicly traded bonds and recent market transactions. The fair value of this debt was determined using Level 2 inputs as described above.
Note 18—Contingencies
Product Liability
The Company categorizes the product liability claims of its subsidiary MSA LLC into two main categories: single incident and cumulative trauma.
Single incident product liability claims involve discrete incidents that are typically known to us when they occur and involve observable injuries, which provide an objective basis for quantifying damages. MSA LLC estimates its liability for single incident product liability claims based on expected settlement costs for reported claims and an estimate of costs for unreported claims (claims incurred but not reported or IBNR). The estimate for IBNR claims is based on experience, sales volumes, and other relevant information. The reserve for single incident product liability claims, which includes reported and IBNR claims, was $3.6 million at June 30, 2016 and $3.5 million at December 31, 2015. Single incident product liability expense was $0.3 million during the six months ended June 30, 2016 and $0.7 million during the six months ended June 30, 2015. Single incident product liability exposures are evaluated on an ongoing basis and adjustments are made to the reserve as appropriate.
Cumulative trauma product liability claims involve exposures to harmful substances (e.g., silica, asbestos and coal dust) that occurred many years ago and may have developed over long periods of time into diseases such as silicosis, asbestosis, or coal worker’s pneumoconiosis. MSA LLC is presently named as a defendant in 1,937 lawsuits, some of which involve multiple plaintiffs, in which plaintiffs allege to have contracted certain cumulative trauma diseases. These lawsuits mainly involve respiratory protection products allegedly manufactured and sold by MSA LLC or its predecessors. The products at issue were manufactured many years ago and are not currently offered by MSA LLC. Although there is year over year variability in the number and quality of claims defended and resolved, MSA LLC’s aggregate total for cumulative trauma product liability claims (inclusive of settlements and defense costs) for the three years ended December 31, 2015, totaled approximately $156.1 million, substantially all of which was recorded as insurance receivables because the amounts are believed to be recoverable under insurance.

-21-



A summary of cumulative trauma product liability lawsuit activity follows:
 
 
Six Months Ended June 30, 2016
 
Year Ended December 31, 2015
Open lawsuits, beginning of period
 
1,988

 
2,326

New lawsuits
 
183

 
340

Settled and dismissed lawsuits
 
(234
)
 
(678
)
Open lawsuits, end of period
 
1,937

 
1,988

More than half of the open lawsuits at June 30, 2016 have had a de minimis level of activity over the last 5 years. It is possible that these cases could become active again at any point due to changes in circumstances.
Cumulative trauma product liability litigation is inherently unpredictable. It has typically not been until very late in the legal process that it can be reasonably determined whether it is probable that any particular case will ultimately result in a liability. This uncertainty is caused by many factors. Complaints generally do not provide information sufficient to determine if a lawsuit will develop into an actively litigated case. Even when a case is actively litigated, it is often difficult to determine if the lawsuit will be dismissed or otherwise resolved until late in the lawsuit. Moreover, even if it is probable that such a lawsuit will result in a loss; it is often difficult to estimate the amount of actual loss that will be incurred. These actual loss amounts are highly variable and turn on a case-by-case analysis of the relevant facts, which are often not learned until late in the lawsuit. In addition, there are uncertainties concerning the impact of bankruptcies of other companies that are co-defendants in claims, uncertainties surrounding the litigation process from jurisdiction to jurisdiction and from case to case, and uncertainties regarding the impact of potential changes in legislative or judicial standards.
The uncertainties noted above relating to cumulative trauma product liability litigation are particularly acute in the case of incurred but not reported claims (“IBNR” claims), which by definition are potential claims that have not yet been filed. Management, after consultation with its valuation consultant and outside legal counsel, continues to be unable to reasonably estimate, and therefore has not recorded any liability for, MSA LLC’s cumulative trauma IBNR claims.
However, in 2015 Management continued to work with its outside valuation consultant and outside legal counsel to develop a method to provide a reasonable estimate for certain reported claims by using appropriate assumptions based on MSA LLC’s particular circumstances.  For those reported claims where MSA LLC believes a loss is probable, and it can make a reasonable estimate of such loss, it recorded a liability of $7.1 million as of December 31, 2015. This reserve amount pertains to certain reported claims where MSA LLC’s claims experience allowed it to make an estimate of potential liability, but does not take into account all the claims currently pending against MSA LLC. The change in ability to estimate in 2015 was driven by the maturation of MSA LLC’s defense efforts and additional claims experience. Certain groups of claims have not been included in the reserve due to a lack of claims experience with the applicable plaintiffs’ counsel, low volume of resolution, or lack of confidence in the consistency of claims composition, or other factors which rendered us unable to make a reasonable estimate. Therefore, while this reserve amount covers a substantial portion of MSA LLC’s currently reported claims, it does not purport to cover all of MSA LLC’s reported claims as discussed above. In addition, the reserve does not include amounts which will be spent to defend these claims.
To arrive at the estimate, it was necessary to employ significant assumptions. In light of these significant assumptions, and all of the uncertainties inherent in cumulative trauma product liability litigation noted above, there can be no assurance that future experience with reported claims will follow MSA LLC’s past experience. Because litigation is subject to inherent uncertainties, and unfavorable rulings or developments could occur, there can be no certainty that MSA LLC may not ultimately incur charges in excess of presently recorded liabilities or that costs related to claims not included in the reserve will be consistent either with those for which MSA LLC has been able to make an estimate, and to reserve, or past outcomes. Actual liabilities could vary greatly and we will need to adjust the estimate from time to time based on relevant facts and circumstances. If actual experience is worse than projected, the estimate would increase, and these increases could potentially be material over time.
The $7.1 million estimate added to the cumulative trauma product liability reserve as of December 31, 2015, already contains amounts payable on previously settled claims. In the second quarter of 2016, we reduced this reserve by $2.3 million and the reserve is $4.8 million as of June 30, 2016. Together, the cumulative trauma product liability reserve totaled $20.8 million at June 30, 2016, and is recorded in the insurance and product liability line within other current liabilities section of the condensed consolidated balance sheet.

-22-



On February 26, 2016, a Kentucky state court jury in the James Couch claim rendered a verdict against MSA LLC of $7.2 million dollars (comprised of $3.2 million of an apportioned share of compensatory damages and $4.0 million in punitive damages). The Couch claim is a product liability lawsuit involving cumulative trauma exposure to coal dust. Management believes that the verdict against MSA LLC is contrary to Kentucky law and intends to appeal the verdict. The Company and its outside legal counsel have concluded that, based on their assessment of the appellate issues, a reversal of the adverse judgment is reasonably possible and, consequently, a loss contingency is not probable at this time and is not included in the $4.8 million product liability reserve. In the future, if the Company determines that losses with respect to this matter are probable, MSA LLC, consistent with its existing practices, will record an accrual and/or provide appropriate disclosures as required by ASC 450-20-50, Contingencies. In the event that MSA LLC’s appeal of the adverse verdict is unsuccessful or not fully successful, the loss could total the full amount of the verdict, plus additional amounts for post-judgment interest. If so, the $3.2 million compensatory portion of the verdict (and associated interest) would be added to the product liability reserve and the insurance receivable in the consolidated balance sheet. The $4.0 million punitive portion of the verdict (and associated interest) would be expensed because we do not have insurance to cover punitive damages in this case.
Insurance Receivable
MSA LLC purchased insurance policies for the policy years from 1952-1986 from over 20 different insurance carriers that, subject to some common contract exclusions, provide coverage for cumulative trauma product liability losses and, in many instances, related defense costs (the "Occurrence-Based Policies"). The available limits of these policies exceed the recorded insurance receivable balance. After 1986, MSA LLC’s insurance policies have significant per claim deductibles. Based on this, the Company does not expect to be materially reimbursed for any claims alleging exposures that occurred entirely after this date.
In the normal course of business, MSA LLC makes payments to settle product liability claims and for related defense costs and records receivables for the amounts that are covered by insurance. Various factors could affect the timing and amount of recovery of the insurance receivable, including the outcome of negotiations with insurers, the outcome of the coverage litigation, and the extent to which insurers may become insolvent in the future.
Insurance receivables at June 30, 2016 totaled $248.2 million, of which $2.0 million is reported in other current assets and $246.2 million in other non-current assets. Insurance receivables at December 31, 2015 totaled $229.5 million, of which $2.0 million is reported in other current assets and $227.5 million in other non-current assets.
A summary of insurance receivable balances and activity related to cumulative trauma product liability losses follows:
(In millions)
 
Six Months Ended June 30, 2016
 
Year Ended December 31, 2015
Balance beginning of period
 
$
229.5

 
$
220.5

Additions
 
23.7

 
17.3

Collections and settlements
 
(5.0
)
 
(8.3
)
Balance end of period
 
$
248.2

 
$
229.5

Additions to insurance receivables in the above table represent insured cumulative trauma product liability losses and related defense costs. Uninsured cumulative trauma product liability losses during the three months ended June 30, 2016 and June 30, 2015 were both $0.3 million. Collections primarily represent agreements with insurance companies to pay amounts due that are applicable to cumulative trauma claims. When there are contingencies embedded in these agreements, we apply payments to the insurance receivable in the period when the contingency is met. In cases where the payment stream covers multiple years and there are no contingencies, the present value of the payments is recorded as a note receivable (current and long-term) in the condensed consolidated balance sheet within prepaid expenses and other current assets and other noncurrent assets.
MSA LLC believes that the increase in its insurance receivable balance that it has experienced since 2005 is primarily due to disagreements among its insurance carriers, and consequently with MSA LLC, as to when the individual obligations of insurance carriers to pay are triggered and the amount of each insurer’s obligation, as compared to other insurers. We believe that successful resolution of insurance litigation with various insurance carriers in recent years demonstrates that we have strong legal positions concerning MSA LLC's rights to coverage.

-23-



The collectability of MSA LLC's insurance receivables is regularly evaluated and we believe that the amounts recorded are probable of collection. These conclusions are based on analysis of the terms of the underlying insurance policies, experience in successfully recovering cumulative trauma product liability claims from our insurers under other policies, the financial ability of the insurance carriers to pay the claims, understanding and interpretation of the relevant facts and applicable law and the advice of MSA LLC's outside legal counsel.
Insurance Litigation
MSA LLC is currently involved in insurance coverage litigation with a number of its insurance carriers regarding its Occurrence-Based Policies.
In 2009, MSA LLC (as Mine Safety Appliances Company) sued The North River Insurance Company (North River) in the United States District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania, alleging that North River breached one of its insurance policies by failing to pay amounts owed to MSA LLC and that it engaged in bad-faith claims handling. MSA LLC believes that North River’s refusal to indemnify it under the policy for product liability losses and legal fees paid by MSA LLC is wholly contrary to Pennsylvania law and MSA LLC is vigorously pursuing the legal actions necessary to collect all due amounts. A trial date has not yet been scheduled.
In 2010, North River sued MSA LLC (as Mine Safety Appliances Company) in the Court of Common Pleas of Allegheny County, Pennsylvania seeking a declaratory judgment concerning their responsibilities under three additional policies. MSA LLC asserted claims against North River for breaches of contract for failures to pay amounts owed to MSA LLC. MSA LLC also alleges that North River engaged in bad-faith claims handling. MSA LLC believes that North River’s refusal to indemnify us under these policies for product liability losses and legal fees paid by MSA LLC is wholly contrary to Pennsylvania law and MSA LLC is vigorously pursuing the legal actions necessary to collect all due amounts. Trial is currently scheduled for September 2016.
In July 2010, MSA LLC (as Mine Safety Appliances Company) filed a lawsuit in the Superior Court of the State of Delaware seeking declaratory and other relief from the majority of its excess insurance carriers concerning the future rights and obligations of MSA LLC and its excess insurance carriers under various insurance policies. The reason for this insurance coverage action is to secure a comprehensive resolution of its rights under the insurance policies issued by the insurers. Trial has recently been rescheduled from May 2016 to April 2017 to accommodate ongoing settlement discussions.
Through negotiated settlements, MSA LLC has resolved claims against certain of its insurance carriers on certain policies. When a settlement is reached, MSA LLC dismisses the settling carrier from the relevant above noted lawsuit(s). Assuming satisfactory resolution, once disputes are resolved with each of the remaining carriers, MSA LLC anticipates having commitments to provide future payment streams which should be sufficient to satisfy its presently recorded insurance receivables due from insurance carriers.
At some point in the next few years, even if insurance coverage litigation is generally successful, MSA LLC will become largely self-insured for costs associated with cumulative trauma product liability claims. The exact point when this transition will happen is difficult to predict and subject to a number of variables, including the pace at which future cumulative trauma product liability costs are incurred and the results of litigation and negotiations with insurance carriers. After it becomes largely self-insured, MSA LLC may still obtain some insurance reimbursement from negotiated coverage-in-place agreements (although that coverage may not be immediately triggered or accessible) or from other sources of coverage.  The precise amount of insurance reimbursement available at that time cannot be determined with specificity today.
Note 19—Discontinued Operations
On February 29, 2016, the Company sold 100% of the stock associated with its South African personal protective equipment distribution business and its Zambian operations. The Company received $15.9 million from the closing of this transaction and recorded a loss of approximately $0.3 million during the first quarter of 2016.
During the second quarter of 2016, the Company corrected its gain calculation on the disposition of the South African personal protective equipment distribution business and its Zambian operations. This resulted in a gain of approximately $2.5 million being recorded during the current quarter in discontinued operations that should have been recorded in the first quarter of 2016. The Company evaluated materiality in accordance with SEC Staff Accounting Bulletins Topics 1.M and 1.N and considered relevant qualitative and quantitative factors. The Company concluded that this modification was not material to the first quarter of 2016 or the trend in earnings over the affected periods. The modification had no effect on cash flows or debt covenant compliance.

-24-



The operations of this business qualify as a component of an entity under FASB ASC 205-20 "Presentation of Financial Statements - Discontinued Operations", and thus the operations have been reclassified as discontinued operations and prior periods have been reclassified to conform to this presentation.
Summarized financial information for discontinued operations is as follows:
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
(In thousands)
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Discontinued Operations
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net sales
$

 
$
11,384

 
$
5,261

 
$
22,541

Other income, net
2,484

 
107